65 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2022
    1. A California federal judge dismissed blockchain platform Dfinity's trademark suit over the infinity-symbol logo against Meta Platforms Inc. The judge ruled that the two logos were not similar enough to sustain the lawsuit.

      In a trademark infringement lawsuit, Swiss blockchain group Dfinity Foundation alleged that Mets copied its infinity-symbol logo, which was similar to the one used by the Swiss company.

      The court found that Meta's logo was not likely to cause consumer confusion with Dfinity's logo as Dfinity's rainbow infinity logo is not similar in shape or colour to Meta's log. Given the targeted audience, it is unlikely to create any confusion, the court concluded.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  2. Oct 2022
    1. Dutch corporations have unknowingly supplied Russia with high tech.

      Dutch high-tech companies have unknowingly sold technology to firms founded by the Russian military intelligence service, the head of the Dutch military (MIVD) secret service revealed in an interview with Financieele Dagblad.

      As explained by MIVD head, Jan Swillens, the Russian secret service created dozens of businesses functioning in the Netherlands as 'front companies' to purchase technology in the Netherlands and smuggle it to Russia, thus evading sanctions. The products range from microchips to rubber for the tires of military vehicles.

      Such practices have existed since the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014, 'but with the war in Ukraine, it is increasing significantly', Swillens said.

      Duch official has called on high-tech companies to conduct more thorough research into their customers and inquire about their products' actual end users and has informed defense minister Kajsa Ollongren about the smuggling routes.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. A Russian diplomat warned that commercial satellites used by the US and its allies to help Ukraine in the war could become legitimate targets for attacks.

      Speaking at the first special session of the UN General Assembly on Disarmament, Konstantin Vorontsov, deputy director of the Russian foreign ministry's department for non-proliferation and arms control, said that:

      'Quasi-civilian infrastructure may be a legitimate target for a retaliatory strike,' and noted that helping through civilian satellites constitutes indirect participation in military conflicts, calling it 'an extremely dangerous trend'.

      A senior official from the American administration quickly responded in reaction to threats made by a Russian diplomat.

      John Kirby, National Security Council Coordinator for Strategic Communications, said at a news conference that 'any attack on US infrastructure will be met with a response and that will be met with a response appropriate to the threat that's posed to our infrastructure.'

      Likewise, Kirby promised that the US would continue supporting Ukrainian war efforts.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Interpol says metaverse opens up new world of cybercrime

      Madan Oberoi, Interpol's executive director for technology and innovation warned about the potential of cybercrime in the metaverse and said the agency is preparing for dangers posed by the virtual world(s).

      Metaverse could potentially amplify the cybercrime challenges already present online while also introducing a host of new ones. Cybercrime might operate differently when augmented reality and virtual reality are involved. Oberoi cautioned

      "Some of the crimes may be new to this medium, some of the existing crimes will be enabled by the medium and taken to a new level," Oberoi said.

      He underlined other serious concerns, such as child safety and the possibility that virtual reality can make crime in the real world easier.

      ‘If terror group wants to attack a physical space they may use this space to plan and simulate and launch their exercises before attacking,’ he said.

      Law agencies are increasingly interested in the metaverse, with Interpol developing its own virtual environment that will allow police forces around the world to communicate with one another and even participate in immersive training courses. At the same time, Europol recently published its second report about the metaverse named ‘Policing in the metaverse: what law enforcement needs to know’.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Apple Inc lost an appeal in a London court over key technology patents that are used in Apple's devices. The Court of Appeal confirmed the lower court’s previous decision that Optis Cellular Technology LLC can restrict Apple from using the crucial patents for 3G and 4G telecommunications unless Apple commits to fair and reasonable terms of use.

      Judge Richard Arnold stated that Apple merely needed to agree to accept a global license over the standard essential patents on terms that a court considered to be fair and reasonable to avoid an injunction on using the patents in England and Wales.

      The ruling is the latest in a dispute that has been ongoing since 2019 when Optis accused Apple of infringing eight of its patents on key telecommunications technology through the sale of products, including iPhone and iPad. In contrast, Apple claimed that Optis has been abusing its dominant position.

      The legal battle between Apple viruses Optis has already prompted six separate trials and three appellate hearings in Uk alone, with two further Court of Appeal hearings due next year.

      Also, the mentioned companies led a legal dispute before a court in the US, where a judge fined Apple $300 million for infringing on Optis' patent rights related to wireless standards. Apple attempted to appeal the decision, but an East Texas court denied its bid for a third trial in May.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The bill is especially concerned with the protection of children, having been developed in response to the death of Molly Russell, a U.K. teen who took her own life after being exposed to suicide-related posts on Instagram

      UK's telecom regulator chief (Ofcom)said Meta and Microsoft will not be allowed to self-regulate their metaverses in the UK and will be subject to the country's proposed Online Safety Bill. Breach of the online safety legislation, which is yet to be approved, may result in heavy fines of up to 10% of annual global revenues. Furthermore, senior executives of those companies could even face criminal charges in case of extreme violations.

      Melanie Dawes, CEO of Ofcom, stated that businesses in the metaverse wouldn't be allowed to self-regulate their virtual worlds and would instead need to comply with the Online Safety Bill in the UK.

      The Online Safety Bill is a proposed legislation drafted to prevent the online sharing of harmful content. The law, which is yet to be approved, would require companies to create a set of strict measures to address harmful content. The legislation focuses particularly on protecting children.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Tata Power

      The Hive ransomware group has claimed responsibility for a cyberattack against India's largest power company Tata Power. As reported by bleepingcomputer, the threat actor began leaking data allegedly stolen from Tata Power on their leak site after failed ransom negotiations.

      According to details shared by security researcher Rakesh Krishnan, the leak contains personally identifiable information (PII), including Aadhaar identity numbers, permanent account numbers (PAN), drivers' license, salary specifics, and engineering drawings.

      The incident is said to have occurred on 3 October 2022 and was confirmed by Tata Power; however, the company refused to provide any additional details (about the incident).

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Apple filed a lawsuit against medical tech company Masimo Corp in federal court in Delaware, accusing the company of 'copying' its Apple Watch. According to the case, Masimo Corp, W1 smartwatches infringed several Apple Watch patents.

      An Apple spokesperson said in a statement that it hoped the suit would 'protect the innovations we advance on behalf of our customers.'

      On the other hand, Masimo spokesperson said Apple's suit was an effort to 'divert attention from the litigations brought by Masimo,' and accused Apple of intellectual property theft "instead of competing fairly."

      Previously, Masimo, which specializes in health-monitoring devices for medical patients, sued Apple in California federal court in 2020. The company claimed that Apple had stolen its trade secrets and infringed its patents, including measuring heart rate and blood-oxygen levels. Last year, it also asked the US government to halt imports of Apple Watches that violate its patents.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Tropical Scorpius

      The Computer Emergency Response Team of Ukraine (CERT-UA) reported the spread of phishing emails that target critical infrastructure with Cuba Ransomware.

      As explained by CERT-UA Team, phishing emails impersonated the Press Service of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, enticing recipients to click a link. The victims are lured to a third-party website to update the PDF Reader software to read the embedded document. Upon clicking the 'DOWNLOAD' button, victims are infected with malware known as 'ROMCOM RAT.' The operations are linked to the threat actor 'Tropical Scorpius'.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The Europol Innovation Lab has published its second report under its Observatory function, ‘Policing in the metaverse: what law enforcement needs to know’. The reports are intended to aid in the understanding, adaptation, and planning of law enforcement agencies for policing in the metaverse.

      Based on in-depth consultations with law enforcement experts, industry and academia, the report provides a detailed overview of the potential for criminal activities within the metaverse, recommendations for tackling crime (within the metaverse) alongside the opportunities and best practices for building a police presence online.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Zscaler

      Internet connectivity was on 19 October impacted after a major cable cut in the south of France, affecting subsea cable connectivity to Europe, Asia, the United States and potentially other parts of the world. As a result, customers may see packet loss or latency for websites and applications which cross these impacted routes. Cloud security company Zscaler reports that they made routing adjustments to reduce the impact.

      According to Zscaler, three French links - from Marseille-Lyon, Marseille-Milano, and Marseille-Barcelona- were cut.

      While the repair crews reached the spots quickly, they had to wait for the police to collect evidence. As of now, the issue has been resolved, and all internet connectivity should resume usually.

      Coincidently, the undersea cable that connects the Shetland Islands to the Scottish mainland has reportedly also suffered damage, according to the BBC. Since cables between the Faroe Islands and Shetland were also recently damaged, this is the second incidence involving marine cables in that area in a short period.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Interpol unveiled the first-ever 'metaverse' designed for law enforcement worldwide at its ongoing 90th General Assembly in Delhi. The metaverse platform is envisioned to aid police forces worldwide to interact with other officers and even take 'immersive training courses in forensic investigation and other policing capabilities'. Likewise, the platform allows users to visit virtual Interpol headquarters in Lyon, France.

      'The metaverse has the potential to transform every aspect of our daily lives with enormous implications for law enforcement,' Madan Oberoi, Interpol's Executive Director of Technology and Innovation, said in a statement.

      'But in order for police to understand the metaverse, we need to experience it'., added Oberoi

      In addition, Interpol announced the formation of a metaverse expert group to voice law enforcement's concerns worldwide and guaranteed that the new virtual world was safe by design.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Officials will need to communicate clearly with the public as part of a bid to improve accessibility for all parts of society

      ||VladaR||, ||JovanK||

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Ajman Police General Command said its metaverse project is the first such police service in the UAE and the development makes it the first government body in the emirate of Ajman to take the digital leap.

      The Ajman Police in Dubai has become the first law enforcement organization in the world to provide metaverse services. The Ajman Police stated that its metaverse initiative is the first of its kind for the United Arab Emirates and marks the Ajman government's entry into the metaverse.

      According to the Police force, citizens will be able to interact with police officials in the metaverse by wearing Virtual Reality (VR) headsets, smartphones, tablets, laptops or desktop computers.

      Lieutenant Colonel Mohammed bin Abdullah Abu Shehab, head of the Services Development Team, stated, 'the project came within Ajman Police's efforts to strengthen cooperation with its customers and involve them in the design and development of services. Metaverse comes within the framework of facilitating the meeting between customers through VR, which brings them together with police officers without the need for a personal presence at the police station.'

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russia's ministry of industry and trade recommended that industrial enterprises stop using Zoom, Skype, and WhatsApp for official purposes and choose Russian systems as an alternative.

      As Kommersant reports, the ministry explained its decision 'as the requirement to comply with the government's requirements and strengthen information security measures.'

      Another high-ranking Russian official had made a similar request. A 'full ban on WhatsApp use for official purposes by the Russian state and municipal employees' employees' was demanded by Anton Gorelkin, deputy chairman of the information policy committee of the Russian parliament.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. “There could be — in time, if it grows — financial stability problems. There also are investor issues around a lack of certainty.”

      The head of the EU's financial services has called US lawmakers to create new regulations to control the cryptocurrency market, stressing that if digital assets remain unregulated, it might threaten financial stability.

      Mairead McGuinness, the European Commission's financial services commissioner, told the Financial Times in a recent interview that they need to look at global regulation of cryptocurrencies.

      'We do need to see other players also legislating … perhaps differently, but with the same objective. … We need to look at the global regulation of crypto. There would be a lot of concern at a European level as to [what would happen] if crypto were not to be regulated.' warning digital assets could pose a threat to financial stability if left to grow unregulated. Stated McGuinness

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. European Commission president Ursula von der Leyen has published her ‘2022 State of the Union Letter of Intent’, underpinning the Metaverse as an important digital opportunity and trend while also setting out plans for potential regulations of the Metaverse.

      The president acknowledges that Europe must adapt to the digital age and added that the EU ‘will continue looking at new digital opportunities and trends, such as the metaverse’. However, the letter provides little specifics on EU actions.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The United Kingdom's Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) rejected Meta's (formerly known as Facebook) appeal and ordered the company to sell the animated-images platform Giphy. CMA's decision cited that taking over Giphy was harmful to the competition.

      The decision came after CMA found that Meta's purchase of Giphy could allow Meta to limit other social media platforms' access to GIFs, making those sites less attractive to users and less competitive. CMA also ruled that such a deal removed Giphy' as a potential challenger in the UK display advertising market, preventing UK businesses from benefiting from innovation in this market.'

      Previously, in November, the CMA ordered Meta to sell Giphy after finding it would raise competition concerns. Meta tried to appeal the decision. However, in June, a court ruled against the company's appeal, promoting the final decision to the CMA.

      The final decision by CMA ruled the deal would enable Meta to further increase its market power.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The US International Trade Commission (USITC) revealed it would open investigations into divisions of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), Samsung Electronics and Qualcomm on allegations of patent infringement. USITC stated that it would look into allegations made by the complainant that parts and mobile devices imported into the US violated its semiconductors and integrated circuits patents.

      According to the USITC's investigation, the patent infringement claims cover chips manufactured by Samsung using its 14nm and smaller process nodes and by TSMC using its 16nm and smaller process nodes. The investigation will also include the aforementioned processors as well as mobile devices like smartphones, tablets, and smartwatches. In contrast, Qualcomm has been named in a separate patent infringement filed by the same company.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. However, the organization came under fire after Russia launched its war in Ukraine over the connection of one of its members to the Kremlin.

      German cybersecurity chief Arne Schönbohm was fired over alleged ties with Russian security services. According to media reports, German Interior Minister Nancy Faeser sacked the head of the Federal Office for Information Security (BSI) due to recent media reports of his ties with Russia and due to the damaged public trust in Schönbohm's leadership.

      According to reports in German media, Schönbohm was tied to Russia through his role in the Cyber Security Council of Germany. In 2012, Schönbohm co-founded the organization, which advises the private and public sectors on cybersecurity issues. However, the organization came under fire over the connection of one of its members to the Kremlin.

      The layoff was initially reported by the German news publication Spiegel, and was later confirmed by a representative for the Interior Ministry.

      'The background to this is not least the allegations, which are well known and widely discussed in the media, and which have permanently damaged the necessary public confidence in the neutrality and impartiality of the conduct of his office as president of Germany's most important cybersecurity authority,' the spokesperson said.

      The departure of Schoenbohm will be followed by an investigation from Germany's Interior Ministry over the allegations in question.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Shanghai Action Plan for Cultivating "Metaverse"

      A policy paper released by the Shanghai city government on 8 July 2022 outlined its developmental plan to cultivate a metaverse industry worth 350 billion yuan ($52 billion) by the end of 2025.

      The development action plan refers to the Metaverse as a new generation of information technology integration and innovation that would drive the growth of the internet toward Web3. The innovation plan focuses on promoting the development of Metaverse-related industries and helping Beijing build a benchmark city for the digital economy.

      The action plan aims at 'strengthening cutting-edge technological breakthroughs,' focusing on virtual reality headsets, chips, cloud computing and 5G technology.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The European Parliamentary Research Service ('EPRS') published, on 24 June 2022, its briefing, titled 'Metaverse: Opportunities, Risks and Policy Implications'. While the metaverse's exact scope and impact on society are still unknown, it can already be seen that it will open up a range of opportunities and risks in a variety of policy areas.

      The briefing, in particular, summarizes studies on the possible effects of metaverse platforms on several policy concerns, including competition, data protection, liability, financial transactions, cybersecurity, health, and accessibility and inclusiveness.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. 1 million roubles ($16,150)

      A Moscow court on Tuesday fined US giant Amazon.com Inc a total of 41 million roubles ($16,150), Interfax reported.

      Interfax said the court ruled that Amazon had failed to delete material that 'propagandises suicide', which is illegal under Russian law.

      It is the first such fine imposed on Amazon, although other US-based giants have come under pressure in Russia in recent months, with Meta being labelled as an 'extremist' organization and Google and Apple receiving fines.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Horizon Worlds, Meta’s flagship metaverse for consumers, is failing to meet internal performance expectations, according to The Wall Street Journal, which reviewed internal company documents.

      Horizon Worlds, Meta’s flagship metaverse platform, is failing to meet internal performance expectations, The Wall Street Journal reported, which reviewed internal company documents. The Journal said the records showed the user base had been progressively falling since the spring, and many Horizon users have left after the first month on the platform.

      Meta had set a target of 500,000 monthly active users but recently reduced it to 280,000; at this time, there are fewer than 200,000.

      Horizon’s services include several interactive virtual spaces or worlds letting users socialize, play and have fun. Internal statistics have shown that only 9% of developed worlds have more than 50 visitors, while many are never visited.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) reports that it has tracked new ransomware dubbed Prestige that is being used to target transportation and logistics organizations in Ukraine and Poland. The latest ransomware campaign has not been attributed to any known threat actor.

      However, MSTIC added that 'the activity shares victimology with recent Russian state-aligned activity, specifically on affected geographies and countries, and overlaps with previous victims of the FoxBlade malware (also known as HermeticWiper)'.

      According to MSTIC, deployment of Prestige ransomware has not been previously recorded, and its activity was not connected to any of the 94 currently active ransomware activity groups that Microsoft tracks.

      The method of initial access remains unknown, with Microsoft noting that the threat actor had already obtained privileged access to the compromised environment to deploy the ransomware using three different methods.

      Microsoft reported observing three different methods for deploying the ransomware. Two involved attackers uploaded the payload to an admin-shared folder and then activated it on network systems using remote code tools to trigger them on victim systems. A third involved the payload being added to the Active Directory Domain Controller and deployed across networks.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. The Kyiv Post reports that "tough" Russian threat actors target within their own country as reprisal for the Ukrainian war and the overall situation in Russia. The organization, known as the National Republican Army (NRA), apparently launched several attacks, including one on Unisoftware, a Russian software company that purportedly collaborates closely with government clients.

      NRA claimed to have stolen all data held by the firm, such as banking and personal account credentials, employee information, phone numbers, addresses, contracts, and proprietary code for Unisoftware clients and software.

      The group has also been linked to the attack on Russian IT retail chain DNS, which confirmed earlier this week that it had been breached without providing additional information

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Fumio Kishida, Prime Minister of Japan, has stated in a policy speech that the country's plans for investing in digital transformation include the Metaverse and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) services. In his address to Japan's parliament, Kishida stated Japan will continue to focus on 'supporting the social implementation of digital technology' and will 'promote efforts to expand the use of Web3 services that utilize the metaverse and NFTs.' Previously, Japan had recently established a Web3 policy office under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), which is focused on improving the business environment related to Web 3.0. Furthermore, METI is reportedly looking into a proposal to offer tax exemptions to Japanese crypto companies to entice them to keep their business in the country and further fuel the nation's evolving Web3 sector.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  3. Jul 2022
    1. Ukraine state agency publishes cyberattacks statistics

      The State Service of Special Communications and Information Protection (SSSCIP) of Ukraine published statistics about the number, targets, and type of cyberattacks since the beginning of the Russian invasion.

      The government and local authorities, defence, finance, commercial organisations, and the energy sector, in that order, were the main targets of the 796 recorded cyberattacks. Information gathering, malicious code, infiltration attempts, and availability were important cyberattack strategies.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Ukraine warns of massive cyberattack targeting telecommunications operators

      The Computer Emergency Response Team of Ukraine (CERT-UA) has warned about widespread cyberattacks targeting telecommunications providers. The CERT-UA claims it had learned about the mass distribution of emails with the subject 'LIST of links to interactive maps' among Ukrainian media entities. The emails contain malicious attachments and may begin downloading CrescentImp malware if opened

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. European mayors fooled into calls with fake Kyiv mayor

      The mayors of several European cities held meetings via video link with a person they thought was the mayor of Kyiv, Vitali Klitschko, only to find out they were deceived by a deepfake of Klitschko.

      The office of Berlin Mayor Franziska Giffey tweeted Friday night that his conversation with the alleged mayor of Kyiv was ended after his comments raised suspicion.

      A screenshot of the tweet by the office of Berlin Mayor. Source: PNP.de Jose Luis Martinez-Almeida, the mayor of Madrid, likewise cancelled a video call when he suspected he was not speaking with his Kyiv colleague. Meanwhile, Budapest mayor Gergely Karácsony said in a Facebook post that he had also recently been targeted and had ended the call following 'several strange, suspiciously provocative questions’. Meanwhile, Michael Ludwig, the mayor of Vienna, was convinced he had talked with Klitschko and even tweeted that they had a video chat. The tweet was deleted after the official account of the Austrian capital published a statement that Ludwig appeared to be the victim of a ‘serious case of cybercrime’.

      Questions arose whether the fake Klitschko was a deepfake. German investigative journalist Daniel Laufer found an earlier interview with Klitschko on YouTube that served as the digital source material for the scam. Had a deepfake been used, Laufer argues, the video frames would have been altered in ways that no longer matched the YouTube recording. Apparently this might have been an edited version, not a more-sophisticated deepfake.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russian hackers accused of launching attacks against targets in Lithuania and Norway

      Several public and private sector websites in Lithuania were temporarily down on Monday following a cyberattack reportedly carried out by a Russian-backed hacking group. The Lithuania National Cyber Security Centre (NKSC) warned of an 'intense ongoing' Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack against the Secure National Data Transfer Network, as well as governmental institutions and private companies. Killnet, a pro-Russian group, claimed responsibility for at least some of the attacks, claiming it was in reprisal for Lithuania blocking the delivery of certain products to the Russian outpost of Kaliningrad.

      Meanwhile, in Norway, a DDOS attack targeted a secure national data network, affecting several private and public institutions. According to Norwegian officials, Russian hackers were likely behind the cyberattack, although there was minimal damage, with 'no sensitive information taken’.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  4. Jun 2022
    1. US Cyber Command chief confirms USA conducted offensive cyber operations in support of Ukraine

      Commander of the US Cyber Command General Paul Nakasone confirmed that the USA conducted offensive cyber operations in support of Ukraine. ‘We’ve conducted a series of operations across the full spectrum: offensive, defensive, [and] information operations,’ the general stated, but did not elaborate further.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Will the EU ban providing cloud services to Russia?

      The EU is considering a ban on providing cloud computing services to Russia as part of a new round of sanctions, an EU official told Reuters.

      Although the EU announced in a public press release that the sixth sanctions package would include a restriction on the provision of cloud services, cloud technologies were not included in the final decision. As later explained by the press officer for the EU Council, the reference to the ban on cloud services in the first statement was 'a fabric error'.

      The cloud service restriction was not recommended by the European Commission, according to an EU official familiar with sanctions decisions. Nonetheless, such a prospect was not ruled out.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russia unveils internet traffic backup plan

      Russia is prepared to face eventual internet disconnection by Europe, stated Maksut Shadayev, Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media. The plan is for Russian internet providers to redirect traffic through international exchange points in Asia, and Rostelecom has the necessary capabilities, Shadayev explained. Traffic exchange points in Europe are still open for Russian internet providers.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs: West risks 'direct military clash' over cyberattacks

      Russia warned that the West's cyberattacks against Russian infrastructure could lead to direct military confrontation.

      In a statement, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that 'The militarization of the information space by the West, and attempts to turn it into an arena of interstate confrontation, have greatly increased the threat of a direct military clash with unpredictable consequences.'

      The statement added that Washington was ‘deliberately lowering the threshold for the combat use’ of cyberweapons.

      The statement also attributes cyberattacks on Russian infrastructure and governmental institutions to the USA and Ukraine and warns: ‘Rest assured, Russia will not leave aggressive actions unanswered.’

      The warning came after Russia’s housing ministry website was hacked over the weekend and its traffic redirected to a ‘Glory to Ukraine’ sign.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Wikipedia appeals Russian order to remove Ukraine war information

      Wikipedia’s owner, the Wikimedia Foundation, has filed an appeal against a Moscow court decision which demanded that Wikipedia remove content related to the Ukraine war. Previously, Wikimedia was fined 5 million rubles (US$88,000) in a court decision for failing to remove the content in question. Wikimedia argues that people have a right to know the facts of the war and that removing information is a violation of human rights to knowledge access and free expression.

      Wikimedia stated that, while its website is accessible within Russia, the country has no authority over Wikipedia, which it describes as a global resource available in 300 languages. The Moscow court argued that the disinformation posted on Wikipedia represented a threat to Russian public order and that the foundation in fact operates in Russia.

      So far, the foundation has refused to comply with Russia's demands to delete the articles in question.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. USA, UK, EU dismantle Russian hacking botnet

      A joint law enforcement operation involving the USA, the EU countries, and the UK has dismantled the infrastructure of a Russia-linked botnet known as RSOCKS stated the US Department of Justice (DoJ).

      The RSOCKS botnet has compromised millions of computers and devices worldwide, including IoT equipment like routers and smart garage openers.

      According to the DoJ, RSOCKS customers paid between US$30 and US$200 per day to channel malicious internet activity through hacked computers to mask or hide the source of the traffic.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Ukrainians targeted with Cobalt Strike, CredoMap malware,

      ‘The APT28’ (aka Fancy Bear) hacking group supported by Russia is believed to be responsible for a recent spike in phishing campaigns that are spread by email, warns The Ukrainian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-UA Team)

      CERT-UA Team explained that emails warning of 'unpaid taxes' or 'nuclear terrorism' are intended to lure victims into opening the file contained in the email. They cautioned that opening the files might cause users to download the malicious software Cobalt Strike or CredoMap.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Meta loses appeal in Russian court over 'extremist activity' label

      Meta Platforms, Inc. lost an appeal in a Moscow court after being found guilty of 'extremist activity' in Russia in March.

      According to a Kommersant reporter in the courtroom, Meta's lawyer argued that refusing to block access to content and labelling state-controlled media were not activities that meet the definition of extremism.

      The court decision requires that whenever organisations or people publicly mention Meta, they need to disclose that Meta's operations are illegal in Russia.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russian e-commerce firm Ozon starts selling goods via parallel imports mechanism

      The Russian-based e-commerce firm Ozon has started selling goods through a parallel imports mechanism on its platform, the company confirmed to Reuters.

      Ozon claims to offer a range of items to Russian customers, including smartphones and their components. It also aims to prevent the appearance of counterfeit products on its platform by requesting suppliers confirm the products' originality.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Microsoft: Russian state-backed hackers targeted Ukrainian allies

      Since the start of the Ukraine war, Russian state-backed hackers have engaged in network infiltration and espionage operations against 128 businesses in 42 countries that are allied with Ukraine, Microsoft claimed in a new report.

      While Russian hackers prioritised NATO governments, they have also launched attacks against think tanks, humanitarian organisations, IT companies, and critical infrastructure. Microsoft estimates that 29% of identified attacks were successful, with a quarter of those leading to data theft. Microsoft also asserts that Russia is conducting an information war to influence public opinion in favour of the conflict domestically and overseas.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  5. Apr 2022
    1. 1 April China accused of hacking Ukraine days before Russian invasion According to intelligence memos obtained by the British daily newspaper The Times, Chinese hackers reportedly carried out cyberattacks on Ukrainian institutions and nuclear facilities in the run-up to Russia's invasion. Thousands of hacking attempts were made against more than 600 Ukrainian Ministry of Defence and other agencies' websites.

      According to a source from Ukraine's security service (SBU), cyberattacks began before the Winter Olympics ended and peaked on February 23, the day before the Russian invasion, with the Chinese government coordinating the attacks.

      The SBU, on the other hand, denied providing the Times with any information about the alleged attacks. 'The SBU has nothing to do with the Times' findings. The Ukrainian Security Service does not currently have such information, and no investigation is underway,' according to the Guardian. Trend: Ukraine Tag: Ukraine Topic: Cyberwarfare

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. 6 April USA disrupts Russia-backed Cyclops Blink botnet The US Department of Justice (DoJ) announced that it had taken down Cyclops Blink, a botnet controlled by a threat actor known as Sandworm (APT28), which has been linked to Russia’s military intelligence agency GRU.

      ‘Thanks to our close work with international partners, we were able to detect the infection of thousands of network hardware devices. We were then able to disable the GRU's control over those devices before the botnet could be weaponized.’ the announcement stated.

      In a press conference, US Attorney General Merrick Garland has accused Russia of using similar infrastructure to conduct cyberattacks on Ukraine. However, he noted that 'fortunately, we could disrupt this botnet before it could be used'. Trend: Cyber detente, Ukraine Tag: Ukraine Topic: Cyberwarfare

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  6. Mar 2022
    1. Title: Cyber-aggression on Russia will not go unpunished Content: The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs warns those who have unleashed ‘cyber aggression’ against Russia would face severe consequences. There has been an increase in cyberattacks on Russian government institutions, mass media, and critical infrastructure and such actions will not go unpunished. ‘The sources of the attacks will be detected, the attackers will inevitably bear responsibility for their deeds, in accordance with the requirements of the law,’ the foreign ministry statement said, reported Tass. The ministry further accused the United States and other NATO countries of training Ukrainian IT forces to conduct cyber attacks and claimed that anonymous hackers are 'acting on orders from the Western curators of the Kyiv regime.' Highlighting that the 'army of cyber-mercenaries' operations are often on the point of 'all-out terrorism'. Tags: Ukraine conflict, Cyberconflict and warfare, Network security source: https://interfax.com/newsroom/top-stories/77552/

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  7. Oct 2021
    1. Out of these, approximately 25 million people were in forced labour and another 15 million people were in a forced marriage.

      numbers

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. What is Water Diplomacy? Water diplomacy can be defined as the use of diplomatic instruments to existing or emerging disagreements and conflicts over shared water resources with the aim to solve or mitigate those for the sake of cooperation, regional stability, and peace.

      def

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. n increasing number of health challenges can no longer be resolved at the technical level only – they require political negotiations and solutions, and often need to involve a wide range of actors. Health diplomacy takes place at many levels. Global health diplomacy focuses on those health issues that need the cooperation of many countries to address issues of common concern, but health diplomacy can also play a central role at the regional, bilateral and national level.

      interaction on a global level is needed

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Education Diplomacy builds relationships across sectors, stakeholders, and borders using the skills of diplomacy to cultivate trust, shape consensus, and innovate solutions to education challenges.

      definition on Education diplomacy n2

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Education Diplomacy is a part of a larger modern or “New Diplomacy” movement that has been growing over the last two decades. It recognizes the expanding participation of individuals and groups in topics of global concern and influencing relationships between nations, across sectors, and among respective stakeholders

      possible definition ( one of )

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Climate diplomacy also means prioritising climate action with partners worldwide – in diplomatic dialogues, public diplomacy and external policy instruments. This includes reaching out to partner countries bilaterally and making the case for more ambitious climate action.

      meaning

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Bilateral diplomacy is a key building block of international relations, covering relationships between the home country and individual foreign states, one at a time. It is the very core of managing foreign relations.

      ||Katarina_An||

      Types of diplomacy

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL