34 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2022
    1. Ukraine state agency publishes cyberattacks statistics

      The State Service of Special Communications and Information Protection (SSSCIP) of Ukraine published statistics about the number, targets, and type of cyberattacks since the beginning of the Russian invasion.

      The government and local authorities, defence, finance, commercial organisations, and the energy sector, in that order, were the main targets of the 796 recorded cyberattacks. Information gathering, malicious code, infiltration attempts, and availability were important cyberattack strategies.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Ukraine warns of massive cyberattack targeting telecommunications operators

      The Computer Emergency Response Team of Ukraine (CERT-UA) has warned about widespread cyberattacks targeting telecommunications providers. The CERT-UA claims it had learned about the mass distribution of emails with the subject 'LIST of links to interactive maps' among Ukrainian media entities. The emails contain malicious attachments and may begin downloading CrescentImp malware if opened

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. European mayors fooled into calls with fake Kyiv mayor

      The mayors of several European cities held meetings via video link with a person they thought was the mayor of Kyiv, Vitali Klitschko, only to find out they were deceived by a deepfake of Klitschko.

      The office of Berlin Mayor Franziska Giffey tweeted Friday night that his conversation with the alleged mayor of Kyiv was ended after his comments raised suspicion.

      A screenshot of the tweet by the office of Berlin Mayor. Source: PNP.de Jose Luis Martinez-Almeida, the mayor of Madrid, likewise cancelled a video call when he suspected he was not speaking with his Kyiv colleague. Meanwhile, Budapest mayor Gergely Karácsony said in a Facebook post that he had also recently been targeted and had ended the call following 'several strange, suspiciously provocative questions’. Meanwhile, Michael Ludwig, the mayor of Vienna, was convinced he had talked with Klitschko and even tweeted that they had a video chat. The tweet was deleted after the official account of the Austrian capital published a statement that Ludwig appeared to be the victim of a ‘serious case of cybercrime’.

      Questions arose whether the fake Klitschko was a deepfake. German investigative journalist Daniel Laufer found an earlier interview with Klitschko on YouTube that served as the digital source material for the scam. Had a deepfake been used, Laufer argues, the video frames would have been altered in ways that no longer matched the YouTube recording. Apparently this might have been an edited version, not a more-sophisticated deepfake.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russian hackers accused of launching attacks against targets in Lithuania and Norway

      Several public and private sector websites in Lithuania were temporarily down on Monday following a cyberattack reportedly carried out by a Russian-backed hacking group. The Lithuania National Cyber Security Centre (NKSC) warned of an 'intense ongoing' Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack against the Secure National Data Transfer Network, as well as governmental institutions and private companies. Killnet, a pro-Russian group, claimed responsibility for at least some of the attacks, claiming it was in reprisal for Lithuania blocking the delivery of certain products to the Russian outpost of Kaliningrad.

      Meanwhile, in Norway, a DDOS attack targeted a secure national data network, affecting several private and public institutions. According to Norwegian officials, Russian hackers were likely behind the cyberattack, although there was minimal damage, with 'no sensitive information taken’.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  2. Jun 2022
    1. US Cyber Command chief confirms USA conducted offensive cyber operations in support of Ukraine

      Commander of the US Cyber Command General Paul Nakasone confirmed that the USA conducted offensive cyber operations in support of Ukraine. ‘We’ve conducted a series of operations across the full spectrum: offensive, defensive, [and] information operations,’ the general stated, but did not elaborate further.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Will the EU ban providing cloud services to Russia?

      The EU is considering a ban on providing cloud computing services to Russia as part of a new round of sanctions, an EU official told Reuters.

      Although the EU announced in a public press release that the sixth sanctions package would include a restriction on the provision of cloud services, cloud technologies were not included in the final decision. As later explained by the press officer for the EU Council, the reference to the ban on cloud services in the first statement was 'a fabric error'.

      The cloud service restriction was not recommended by the European Commission, according to an EU official familiar with sanctions decisions. Nonetheless, such a prospect was not ruled out.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russia unveils internet traffic backup plan

      Russia is prepared to face eventual internet disconnection by Europe, stated Maksut Shadayev, Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media. The plan is for Russian internet providers to redirect traffic through international exchange points in Asia, and Rostelecom has the necessary capabilities, Shadayev explained. Traffic exchange points in Europe are still open for Russian internet providers.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs: West risks 'direct military clash' over cyberattacks

      Russia warned that the West's cyberattacks against Russian infrastructure could lead to direct military confrontation.

      In a statement, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that 'The militarization of the information space by the West, and attempts to turn it into an arena of interstate confrontation, have greatly increased the threat of a direct military clash with unpredictable consequences.'

      The statement added that Washington was ‘deliberately lowering the threshold for the combat use’ of cyberweapons.

      The statement also attributes cyberattacks on Russian infrastructure and governmental institutions to the USA and Ukraine and warns: ‘Rest assured, Russia will not leave aggressive actions unanswered.’

      The warning came after Russia’s housing ministry website was hacked over the weekend and its traffic redirected to a ‘Glory to Ukraine’ sign.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Wikipedia appeals Russian order to remove Ukraine war information

      Wikipedia’s owner, the Wikimedia Foundation, has filed an appeal against a Moscow court decision which demanded that Wikipedia remove content related to the Ukraine war. Previously, Wikimedia was fined 5 million rubles (US$88,000) in a court decision for failing to remove the content in question. Wikimedia argues that people have a right to know the facts of the war and that removing information is a violation of human rights to knowledge access and free expression.

      Wikimedia stated that, while its website is accessible within Russia, the country has no authority over Wikipedia, which it describes as a global resource available in 300 languages. The Moscow court argued that the disinformation posted on Wikipedia represented a threat to Russian public order and that the foundation in fact operates in Russia.

      So far, the foundation has refused to comply with Russia's demands to delete the articles in question.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. USA, UK, EU dismantle Russian hacking botnet

      A joint law enforcement operation involving the USA, the EU countries, and the UK has dismantled the infrastructure of a Russia-linked botnet known as RSOCKS stated the US Department of Justice (DoJ).

      The RSOCKS botnet has compromised millions of computers and devices worldwide, including IoT equipment like routers and smart garage openers.

      According to the DoJ, RSOCKS customers paid between US$30 and US$200 per day to channel malicious internet activity through hacked computers to mask or hide the source of the traffic.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Ukrainians targeted with Cobalt Strike, CredoMap malware,

      ‘The APT28’ (aka Fancy Bear) hacking group supported by Russia is believed to be responsible for a recent spike in phishing campaigns that are spread by email, warns The Ukrainian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-UA Team)

      CERT-UA Team explained that emails warning of 'unpaid taxes' or 'nuclear terrorism' are intended to lure victims into opening the file contained in the email. They cautioned that opening the files might cause users to download the malicious software Cobalt Strike or CredoMap.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Meta loses appeal in Russian court over 'extremist activity' label

      Meta Platforms, Inc. lost an appeal in a Moscow court after being found guilty of 'extremist activity' in Russia in March.

      According to a Kommersant reporter in the courtroom, Meta's lawyer argued that refusing to block access to content and labelling state-controlled media were not activities that meet the definition of extremism.

      The court decision requires that whenever organisations or people publicly mention Meta, they need to disclose that Meta's operations are illegal in Russia.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Russian e-commerce firm Ozon starts selling goods via parallel imports mechanism

      The Russian-based e-commerce firm Ozon has started selling goods through a parallel imports mechanism on its platform, the company confirmed to Reuters.

      Ozon claims to offer a range of items to Russian customers, including smartphones and their components. It also aims to prevent the appearance of counterfeit products on its platform by requesting suppliers confirm the products' originality.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Microsoft: Russian state-backed hackers targeted Ukrainian allies

      Since the start of the Ukraine war, Russian state-backed hackers have engaged in network infiltration and espionage operations against 128 businesses in 42 countries that are allied with Ukraine, Microsoft claimed in a new report.

      While Russian hackers prioritised NATO governments, they have also launched attacks against think tanks, humanitarian organisations, IT companies, and critical infrastructure. Microsoft estimates that 29% of identified attacks were successful, with a quarter of those leading to data theft. Microsoft also asserts that Russia is conducting an information war to influence public opinion in favour of the conflict domestically and overseas.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  3. Apr 2022
    1. 1 April China accused of hacking Ukraine days before Russian invasion According to intelligence memos obtained by the British daily newspaper The Times, Chinese hackers reportedly carried out cyberattacks on Ukrainian institutions and nuclear facilities in the run-up to Russia's invasion. Thousands of hacking attempts were made against more than 600 Ukrainian Ministry of Defence and other agencies' websites.

      According to a source from Ukraine's security service (SBU), cyberattacks began before the Winter Olympics ended and peaked on February 23, the day before the Russian invasion, with the Chinese government coordinating the attacks.

      The SBU, on the other hand, denied providing the Times with any information about the alleged attacks. 'The SBU has nothing to do with the Times' findings. The Ukrainian Security Service does not currently have such information, and no investigation is underway,' according to the Guardian. Trend: Ukraine Tag: Ukraine Topic: Cyberwarfare

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. 6 April USA disrupts Russia-backed Cyclops Blink botnet The US Department of Justice (DoJ) announced that it had taken down Cyclops Blink, a botnet controlled by a threat actor known as Sandworm (APT28), which has been linked to Russia’s military intelligence agency GRU.

      ‘Thanks to our close work with international partners, we were able to detect the infection of thousands of network hardware devices. We were then able to disable the GRU's control over those devices before the botnet could be weaponized.’ the announcement stated.

      In a press conference, US Attorney General Merrick Garland has accused Russia of using similar infrastructure to conduct cyberattacks on Ukraine. However, he noted that 'fortunately, we could disrupt this botnet before it could be used'. Trend: Cyber detente, Ukraine Tag: Ukraine Topic: Cyberwarfare

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  4. Mar 2022
    1. Title: Cyber-aggression on Russia will not go unpunished Content: The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs warns those who have unleashed ‘cyber aggression’ against Russia would face severe consequences. There has been an increase in cyberattacks on Russian government institutions, mass media, and critical infrastructure and such actions will not go unpunished. ‘The sources of the attacks will be detected, the attackers will inevitably bear responsibility for their deeds, in accordance with the requirements of the law,’ the foreign ministry statement said, reported Tass. The ministry further accused the United States and other NATO countries of training Ukrainian IT forces to conduct cyber attacks and claimed that anonymous hackers are 'acting on orders from the Western curators of the Kyiv regime.' Highlighting that the 'army of cyber-mercenaries' operations are often on the point of 'all-out terrorism'. Tags: Ukraine conflict, Cyberconflict and warfare, Network security source: https://interfax.com/newsroom/top-stories/77552/

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  5. Oct 2021
    1. Out of these, approximately 25 million people were in forced labour and another 15 million people were in a forced marriage.

      numbers

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. What is Water Diplomacy? Water diplomacy can be defined as the use of diplomatic instruments to existing or emerging disagreements and conflicts over shared water resources with the aim to solve or mitigate those for the sake of cooperation, regional stability, and peace.

      def

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. n increasing number of health challenges can no longer be resolved at the technical level only – they require political negotiations and solutions, and often need to involve a wide range of actors. Health diplomacy takes place at many levels. Global health diplomacy focuses on those health issues that need the cooperation of many countries to address issues of common concern, but health diplomacy can also play a central role at the regional, bilateral and national level.

      interaction on a global level is needed

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Education Diplomacy builds relationships across sectors, stakeholders, and borders using the skills of diplomacy to cultivate trust, shape consensus, and innovate solutions to education challenges.

      definition on Education diplomacy n2

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Education Diplomacy is a part of a larger modern or “New Diplomacy” movement that has been growing over the last two decades. It recognizes the expanding participation of individuals and groups in topics of global concern and influencing relationships between nations, across sectors, and among respective stakeholders

      possible definition ( one of )

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Climate diplomacy also means prioritising climate action with partners worldwide – in diplomatic dialogues, public diplomacy and external policy instruments. This includes reaching out to partner countries bilaterally and making the case for more ambitious climate action.

      meaning

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Bilateral diplomacy is a key building block of international relations, covering relationships between the home country and individual foreign states, one at a time. It is the very core of managing foreign relations.

      ||Katarina_An||

      Types of diplomacy

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL