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  1. Oct 2020
    1. proposing a Data Act in 2021 that will seek to wrench open the bloc’s public and private data vaults.

      EU's Data Act in 2021

      ||StephanieBP||||Pavlina||

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  2. Sep 2020
    1. And this is why we need to secure this data for Europe and make it widely accessible. 

      Interesting that EU is speaking about securing industrial data for the benefit of Europe. Until recently, this was mostly a developing country issue (re. the African group talking about digital industrial development). ||Jovan||

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    1. Companies relying on SCCs will have to begin the case-by-case assessments of their transfers to determine whether the protections in the U.S. or any country without an adequacy determination meet EU standards in the context of the specific transfer.

      To continue the concept that I've outlined in the page note, this doesn't mean anything to me as a webmaster and as a business owner. What exactly do I need to do/implement? Should I remove the Google services or are some of them ok, can I host my website in the US, what happens if I'm using Cloudflare etc...

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  3. Jun 2020
    1. to attract the storage and processing of data from other countries and regions

      Which countries and regions is it aiming for? Africa? (Not Asia, not USA, not Russia...)

    2. free and safe flow of data should be ensured with third countries, subject to exceptions and restrictions for public security, public order and other legitimate public policy objectives of the European Union, in line with international obligations. This would allow the EU to have an open but assertive international data approach based on its values and strategic interests

      Legalese. And again: the EU will have 'an open but assertive international data approach based on its values and strategic interests'

    3. European companies operating in some third countries are increasingly faced with unjustified barriers and digital restrictions

      Is this directed at China?

    4. open, but assertive approach to international data flows, based on European values

      Open but assertive, based on European values.

      Dear USA, the data of EU citizens will now be in Europe. Or so we hope. We may allow the flow of data your way, but you will have to respect our laws, including GDPR. We will put our put down once we have our common spaces in place. Yours, the EU

    5. Common European data spaces in strategic sectors and domains of public interest

      Pillar 4: The 9 + 1 common data spaces

    6. Competences: Empowering individuals, investing in skills and in SMEs

      Pillar 3: Public awareness + improvements to the right to data portability (either updating GDPR s.20, or via new Data Act 2021)

    7. Enablers: Investments in data and strengthening Europe’s capabilities and infrastructures for hosting, processing and using data, interoperability

      Pillar 2: Investment for a High Impact Project on European data spaces and federated cloud infrastructures. Essentially, to create the infrastructure so that data stays/is hosted in Europe

    8. A cross-sectoral governance framework for data access and use

      Pillar 1: Data governance:

      • It will develop a framework for the 9 + 1 common data spaces, by end 2020
      • It will adopt an Implementing act on high-value sets (HVD), by Q1 2021
      • Develop a Data Act 2021 for cross-sectoral data-sharing (ex B2G) Plus, potential ex ante legislation on platforms & data; and jurisdictional measures to protect EU companies from being subject to jurisdictional claims from other countries
    9. APPENDIX to the Communication ‘A European strategy for data’

      The 9 + 1 common data spaces

    10. Artificial Intelligence

      AI is mentioned so many times. No wonder the Data Strategy was published alongside the AI white paper

    11. such as data protection rules

      ie, US Cloud Act could be seen as not as strict as GDPR. CHECK

    12. Data governance

      Not much is said here

    13. single European data space – a genuine single market for data, open to data from across the world – where personal as well as non-personal data, including sensitive business data, are secure and businesses also have easy access to an almost infinite amount of high-quality industrial data

      Concept of European data space (a genuine single market for data, open to data from across the world). Data in, but not data out. That is, data of European citizens kept within EU, rather than continuing to seep through EU's space towards USA.

    14. digital diplomacy

      What does digital diplomacy mean here?

    15. In the US, the organisation of the data space is left to the private sector, with considerable concentration effects. China has a combination of government surveillance with a strong control of Big Tech companies over massive amounts of data without sufficient safeguards for individuals. In order to release Europe’s potential we have to find our European way, balancing the flow and wide use of data, while preserving high privacy, security, safety and ethical standards.

      EU is positioning itself as a more balanced approach to the USA (private sector-led) and China (government-led)

    16. Data will also fuel the wide implementation of transformative practices such as the use of digital twins in manufacturing.

      Concept of digital twins. Used in manufacturing

    17. Data is the lifeblood of economic development

      New analogy

    18. data strategy is presented at the same time as the Commission’s Communication on “Shaping Europe’s digital future” and a White Paper on artificial intelligenc

      The three documents launched in February 2020

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    1. While Agustin Reyna of the European Consumer Organisation, BEUC, said that this was an impossible distinction to make, Facebook’s Director of Social and Economic Policy, EU Affairs, Phillip Malloch, said the lines between personal and non-personal data should be straightforward to draw

      They speak at approx 1:26:00 at https://www.pscp.tv/w/1YqGoRqNnjvKv

      Facebook's Malloch did not really substantiate. He referred to FB's Data Transfer project on data portability to show that FB is making the portability of personal data possible. Re data strategy, the GDPR's definition of personal data is more or less fine.

      Reyna from BEUC said in practice, many datasets include both personal and non-personal data, so it is very difficult to distinguish. The European Commission's approach to mixed data within a dataset is to treat the whole set as personal data, with full application of the GDPR.

      Also he says: The industry often says that consent is the main basis that they have to follow re GDPR. In reality, the private sector also needs to look at the principles underlying the GDPR (ex privacy by design & default, etc) as these are what define the scope under which data can be collected and processed.

      ||Jovan||

    2. Data Governance Act will be presented after the summer

      On the radar for autumn, and for our mid-year predictions ||Jovan||

    3. non-personal data (which the EU wants to liberalise) and personal data (ring-fenced by high data protection laws) can be distinguished from one another.

      Data taxonomy: the two broad categories of data ||Jovan||

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