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  1. Last 7 days
    1. it is crucial that concerted UN-backed Contact Group diplomacy

      it is an interesting idea to use again 'contact groups'. Most likely they will happen in G-20 context, which is the last example of successful diplomacy during financial crisis.

    2. a third actor could set a match to the whole system of rival alliances—much as was the case for the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand in July 1914.

      In highly interconnected world without 'control mechanism' against conflicts, 1914-Sarajevo scenario is very likely to happen.

    3. The fear of alliance defection could then impel Washington to whip its allies into line by making them spend even more money on defense—even though the U.S. itself already spends more on the military than 11 countries combined.

      This is a good explanation of the current arm-race.

    4. more like the alliance systems before World War I and World War II than like the “bicentric” Cold War.

      Good analogy

    5. The winner of such a war could be the side that possesses the most advanced technological capabilities and systems of Artificial Intelligence.

      It is common point but false. AI cannot determine outcome of nuclear war conflict. it can enhance power during peace-time. Robots and AI could be used in the case of traditional conflicts. But, AI cannot stop missiles, especially hyper-sonic ones.

    6. make “limited” nuclear war possible in certain regions

      limited nuclear war is very likely to happen

    7. Likewise, China’s dam and water policies are augmenting regional tensions by creating friction with Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam over the Mekong River. China’s diversion of rivers in Xinjiang has had a devastating downstream impact upon Central Asia while its plan to dam the Brahmaputra river in the Himalayas has enraged India.

      Great point that there are serious trade-offs in any energy and environmental policy

    8. Interstate wars thus become more likely when political elites call for national unity and alliance solidarity in the effort to deflect attention from both domestic quarrels and international tensions—rather than fully engaging in both domestic socio-economic reforms and full-fledged diplomacy with foreign rivals.

      It is very valid point and the reason why I think major conflict is inevitable.

    9. more extensive social and political conflicts

      It is one of the major problems since all actors with internal instability and, in particular Russia and `USA, will try to 'export' internal instability via external conflicts that may galvanise population and bypass internal tensions.

    10. through proxy wars

      this is the major problem. There are not any more 'proxy wars' as buffers. They area heading against each other in Ukraine and Taiwan. It reduces room for manouver and space for signalling and de-escalation.

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    1. Interactive Geo Maps - WP Plugin

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    1. Multistakeholder model is increasingly challenged especially from development communities. Here is an interesting book which we plan to read together in order to see how this type of analysis impacts digital and Internet governance.

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    1. This text covers metaverse and the future of the Internet in the following areas:

      • technology
    2. It’s a huge undertaking that would require standardization and cooperation among tech giants, who are not prone to collaborating with competitors

      ||sorina|| Something relevan fro you

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    1. Companies will struggle with how their apps affect kids' mental health and safety

      ||StephanieBP|| Quite a few things on kids and children.

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    1. We won’t tell you what to think about the future, but how to think about it.

      good for our course

    2. Blockchain is either the most radical invention of the century or a worthless shell game. The metaverse is either the next incarnation of the internet or just an ingeniously vague label for a bunch of overhyped things that will mostly fail. Personalized medicine will revolutionize health care or just widen its inequalities. Facebook has either destroyed democracy or revolutionized society. Every issue is divisive and tribal. And it’s generally framed as a judgment on the tech itself—“this tech is bad” vs. “this tech is good”—instead of looking at the underlying economic, social, and personal forces that actually determine what that tech will do.

      Exampels of binary logic

    3. how to think about the issue intelligently and with nuance instead of always falling into the binary trap.

      Our course should help thinking about issues with nuance avoidng binary traps.

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    1. Recently, the issue of child safety in virtual reality was raised by the Center for Countering Digital Hate (CCDH). The campaign group looked at a popular third-party app called VRChat.

      ||StephanieBP|| This could be of an interest for UNICEF project.

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    1. Amid all this, we remain perplexed and vexed by the anomalous health incidents, or Havana syndrome, that have stricken some 200 U.S. officials and family members in multiple countries. The cause and source still unknown, one strong theory is targeted microwaves.

      Is Havana syndrom caused by microwaves?

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    1. Here is an improtant article of brain-mind interplay

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    1. ||nikolabATdiplomacy.edu||||VladaR|| This text provides a good summary of space diplomacy including the major initatives and positions of the key actors

    2. The other main multilateral body where one might expect to see negotiations on space arms control, the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, has been bogged down in disagreement over what the real threat to space is. Russia, China and their allies argue that the focus should be on banning the placement of space-to-Earth weapons in orbit. The United States and its allies instead argue that threatening behavior in space—such as uncoordinated close approaches to another country’s satellite, or the deliberate creation of large amounts of debris—is what is destabilizing. Furthermore, the two sides are split over whether the steps taken should be a legally binding treaty or voluntary guidelines and political norms of behavior.

      Position of the main actors on space diplomacy.

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    1. Cryptocurrencies are developing slowly in Africa. Nigerian ban on cryptocurrencies raised a lot of attention. One area where cryptocurrencies may play an important role is transfer of remittances of a hug African diaspora transferring USD 42 billion annually. However, given volatility of cybercurrencies this posses the major risk.

    2. A new solution to Africa’s remittances problem

      It is interesting to follow since remittances are major problem. Fees are very high. Are cryptocurrencies solution for this problem?

    3. With Nigeria’s crypto ban dominating headlines throughout 2021,

      ||ArvinKamberi|| Is there any website which follows current situaton with banning/using cryptocurrency?

      How up-to-date is this map https://dig.watch/cryptocurrency-and-crypto-assets-mapping-regulation/

      Do we update it regularly?

      ||sorina||||Jovan||

    4. As we’ve witnessed from China, blanket bans do little in terms of limiting trading activity and protecting consumers but engaging experts who understand the nuances of new and complex technology like cryptocurrencies can provide a huge amount of value on how to protect consumers from its risks.

      ||ArvinKamberi|| Is it true that ban in China does not work. I am not sure. Any research or source?

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    1. ||StephanieBP|| ||DylanF|| In ordert to strenghten visibility of our Namibia project we can submit link to our blog and press release from Namibia. They may republish it.

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    1. Games are important artefacts of human creativity. They are like books and music. But, it is not easy to preserve them as a part of cultural heritage due to legal, technical and other limitations.

    2. “Game history is part of general culture as well as intellectual and media history,” said Henry Lowood, curator for film and media collections as well as science and technology collections in the Stanford University Libraries. Lowood is one of the academics pushing for increased access to games for the purposes of study. “It’s not possible to include a full history of any of those topics without including games from the 1970s forward.”

      gaming history as part of our cultural history

    3. the Entertainment Software Association (ESA), a trade organization that lobbies on behalf of game publishers.

      We should follow their work.

      ||AndrijanaG||||StephanieBP||||sorina|| We need to strenghten coverage of gaiming industry in all governance and policy aspects. Here is the name of association of gaming industry.

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    1. Every year I follow CES in order to see a few things:

      • what are the latest consumer technology
      • what is hype vs reality since at CES they have to present practical devices that can be used.

      This year, CES focused on metaverse and wearable technology.

      ||Jovan||

    2. People still don’t have legal protections for the personal data they generate in normal old smartphone apps, yet consumer tech is marching forward into virtual reality.

      Real challenge for data proteciton.

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    1. ||sorina|| Matter is becoming connectivity standard for IoT. They aim to solve a problem that, in particular, IoT devices cannot communciate to each other due to the lack of connectivity.

      We may follow-up on this standard development.

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    1. Latin American countries are also fortifying their “Active Non-Alignment” stance, using stronger relations with China as leverage to achieve relative state autonomy from the U.S. and to extract benefits from both the U.S. and China.

      Latin America is developing 'Active Non-Alignment'. It is a new concept.

      ||Jovan||

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    1. This article shows limits of the use of AI in health mainly related to low quality of data.

      ||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu||||JovanNj||

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    1. Acknowledgements

      ||kat_hone|| Here is study on digital diplomacy and Africa. On the first glance, it looks serious. Let us annotate it together

      ||VladaR||||Katarina_An|| you may see if there is something useful for your projects with GFCE.

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    1. But however professional, a chargé d’affaires running an embassy often lacks the clout that comes with being the president’s chosen ambassador, endorsed by the Senate

      Why charge d' affairs is not enough for full diplomatic activity.

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    1. Even in time of video and brief message, writing gains in relevance because it forces us to think with clarity and clear structure.

      “The discipline of writing something down is the first step toward making it happen,” reckoned Lee Iacocca.

      Writing also preserve the history of projects and activities.

      Centrality of writing for our management (long documents), research and courses (Textus) seems to be the right choice (although at some points counter-intuitive).

      ||Jovan||||Jovan||

    2. But for the structured thought it demands, and the ease with which it can be shared and edited, the written word is made for remote work.

      Even in time of video and brief message, writing gains in relevance because it forces us to think with clarity and clear structure.

      “The discipline of writing something down is the first step toward making it happen,” reckoned Lee Iacocca.

      Writing also preserve the history of projects and activities.

      Centrality of writing for our management (long documents), research and courses (Textus) seems to be the right choice (although at some points counter-intuitive).

      ||Jovan||

    3. But good prose and useful prose share the same essential qualities: brevity, structure, a clear theme.

      Key for a good writing!

    4. “Brainwriting” is a brainstorming technique, used by Slack among others, in which participants are given time to put down their ideas before discussion begins.

      Interesting concept of 'brainwriting'

    5. so is turning up to a meeting and not having the foggiest what was decided last time out.

      why our narrative GoogleDocs matter

    6. “In my experience, discussion expands the space of possibilities while writing reduces it to its most essential components.”

      Why writing is important for 'closure' in discussions and actoinable points.

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    1. ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG|| Here is a good summary of action against Revil group.

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    1. The EU should respond to the challenge by focusing on four pillars of European Green Deal diplomacy: trade, bilateral financial agreements, multilateralism through the United Nations, and domestic implementation of its Fit for 55 climate package.

      EU is basing its green deal diplomacy on the 4 pillars:

      • trade,
      • bilateral financial agreements,
      • multilateralism through the United Nations, and
      • domestic implementation of EU Green Deal.
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    1. However, lawyer Kian Bone claimed that Djokovic could only benefit from diplomatic immunity if he entered Australia on official state business. The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade also state on their website that holding such a passport will not lead to special rights of privileges.

      Finally that somebody explains what diplomatic passport is about.

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    1. According to Li, the moon simulator could also be used to test whether new technology such as 3D printing could be used to build structures on the lunar surface. It could help assess whether a permanent human settlement could be built there, including issues like how well the surface traps heat, he said.

      3D printing on the moon

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    1. ||sorina|| China's 'Standard 2035' as outlined in the National Standardization Development (NSD) document has a few interesting angle:

      • anchoring standardisation development into green/sustainable agenda
      • influence on internatoinal standar develoment

      Sorina, is this article objective in coverage?

    2. the optimization of the industrial supply chains (production, distribution, circulation, and consumption),

      this is new aspect.

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    1. This is serious analysis of consuption of electrical energy for bitcoin mining. ||ArvinKamberi|| Can we enrich our DW cryptocurrency page with some information frm this website

      We should also use it for our pages on enviornment and digitalisation.

      ||JovanK||

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    1. a hot peace rather than a new Cold War.

      Hot peace or cold war?

    2. “Despite escalating political difficulties, Chinese and American businesses remain deeply integrated in terms of financial, intellectual and production networks,” Wang wrote. “The vast majority of Chinese and American companies are not embracing the idea of decoupling.”

      View from Chinese specialist

    3. He said US President Joe Biden would be under fire at home if his administration moved away from confrontation with China before the 2022 midterm elections. And he also expected Beijing to show stronger resolve to resist US challenges to its legitimacy and authority in the run-up to the Communist Party national congress in autumn.

      China - USA relations

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    1. ||sorina|| Here are interesting standards. Let us include them into Dig.Watch.

    2. Standards for IOT are raising in relevance. They also cover two other areas of digital policy: helath and labour rights.

      IEEE has many relevant standards in this field.

    3. STANDARDS FOR IOT SENSORS

      here is an interesting link of IOT sesnosr standards

    4. The devices have become key enablers for a host of new technologies essential to business and to everyday life, from turning on a light switch to managing one’s health.

      Link to health. ||VladaR|| related to your research on health and security.

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  2. Jan 2022
    1. bor-saving digital technologies could spur the reallocation oflabor toward higher-growth sectors, provided it is accompanied by proper labor and social protection policies, helping to raise potential output and sustain the global recovery (Dieppe 2020).

      ||Jovan|| This is idea for the section on labour. My suggestion is to indicate

      How would such re-allocaiton affect lower-growth sectors.

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    1. “These technologies are partially already used and it will be the intention to use them more,” said Ambühl. “Everything around data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning … we want to see how can it be made beneficial for multilateral or bilateral diplomacy.”

      ||sorina||

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    1. You cannot explain the impacts of technology on the world without deeply understanding the motives, incentives, and limitations of the people who build and use it.

      Values

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    1. In the past, techno hype was mainly the matter of media coverage and bringing investement. Today, it is linked more to political space and raise of authorianism.

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    1. An excellent summary of cloud computing

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    1. ||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu||||JovanNj||||aleksandarsATdiplomacy.edu||||Katarina_An||

      Ovo je izuzetno zanimljiv clanak koji pravi link izmedju knowledge graph i onog sto pokusavamo da napravimo sa Diplo 5.0, textus, itd: povezivanje oblasti znanja koje su odvojene akademski ili institucionalno.||MilicaVK||||VladaR||

    2. knowledge graphs might provide a way to identify promising connections between disparate ideas that wouldn’t normally exist in any one person’s head

      ovo je izuzetno zanimljivo jer je to u sustini Diplo 5.0 pristupa

    3. He points out that most knowledge work is siloed and over-specialized, causing researchers and technologists to miss out on valuable connections between concepts in different fields

      Ovo je vazno za cross-sylos

    4. to assess its level of confidence in responses to user queries.

      ovo zvuci vazno.

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    1. Good inspiration for featuring our Radar trends in digital governance.

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    1. Tor anonymity works by routing traffic through three separate nodes. The first knows the user’s IP address, and the third knows where the traffic is destined. The middle works as a sort of trusted intermediary so that nodes one and three have no knowledge of each other. Running huge numbers of servers has the potential to break those anonymity guarantees, said Matt Green, an encryption and privacy expert at Johns Hopkins University.

      How ToR operate?

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    1. The US, Russia and China are all experimenting with new weapons, such as orbiting hypersonic glide vehicles capable of launching nuclear missiles from anywhere in the heavens. Russia caused anger in late 2021 with its reckless test of an anti-satellite missile. Others will follow suit, potentially threatening global communications. Not to be outdone, Nasa is planning to knock a giant asteroid off course in September by orchestrating a head-on collision, using a spacecraft launched on a rocket built by Elon Musk’s SpaceX. The US calls this “planetary defence” – but the technology plainly has offensive applications. Some will deem this progress, others a giant backward step for mankind.

      militarisaiton of space

    2. These emergencies provide the context for another great challenge of 2022: international migration, whether it involves refugees from conflict, politically persecuted asylum-seekers, or economic migrants forced out of their homes by climate change, famine and drought. The UN’s International Organisation for Migration says a record 281 million people, or 3.6% of the global population, were classified as international migrants in 2020. This figure is climbing despite pandemic restrictions on movement across international borders.

      Migration challenge

    3. According to the International Rescue Committee charity’s 2022 emergency watchlist, 12 of the 20 countries at greatest risk of worsening humanitarian crises are in Africa.

      most vulnerable countries

    4. The sudden spread of Omicron, first identified in South Africa, suggests more Covid variants could emerge in 2022. Yet once again, the response of developed countries may be to focus on domestic protection, not international cooperation.

      Need for international coopearation

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    1. China’s government was anxious enough about the power of the country’s tech superstars that it cracked down on some popular digital services. In London, Brussels, Seoul, Washington, Tallahassee and — OK, just about everywhere — regulators and lawmakers are trying to erect new guardrails to control what they see as pernicious effects of tech companies’ power in our lives.

      new guardrails

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    1. A year later, with much less fanfare, Tsinghua University’s Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence released an even larger model, Wu Dao 2.0, with 10 times as many parameters—the neural network values that encode information.

      ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu|| Is Wu Dao 2.0 (China's GPT-3) available for public testing or some use?

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    1. Health care is tech. Entertainment is tech. Schools are tech. Money is tech. Transportation is tech. We live through tech.

      Nice quote

    2. “what’s next” moment

      It is also about 'Gartner curve'

      ||Jovan||

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    1. Under current law, medical algorithms are classified as medical devices and can be approved with the 510(k)-approval process.

      regulation of medical algorithms

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    1. Indeed, interoperability — the working-together of many virtual worlds — is key to the concept. It’s also what’s missing from almost everything that’s suddenly being called “the metaverse.”

      Interoperability will be one of key terms in 2022

    2. A widely cited definition by the venture capitalist Matthew Ball starts with the premise that it is a “massively scaled and interoperable network of real-time rendered 3-D virtual worlds” that persists through time and across platforms and devices.

      Definition of metaverse

    3. A search of the Factiva database finds that it has appeared in more than 12,000 English-language news articles in the past two months, after appearing in fewer than 4,000 in the first nine months of 2021 — and fewer than 400 in any prior year. (Not surprisingly, Facebook was by far the most commonly mentioned company in those articles, with nearly 10 times as many appearances as the next most-mentioned firm, Microsoft.) Google Trends, meanwhile, shows that searches for the word have spiked roughly twentyfold since mid-October.

      Growing interest in metaverse.

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    1. Decentralized finance

      Decentralized finance is new keywrod

    2. Boosters touted digital currencies as a world-changing technology with the potential to create new economies and empower unbanked populations everywhere. Critics pointed to crypto's massive environmental footprint, as well as its popularity in online crime. The chasm between these views will be hard to bridge.

      Cryptocurrency will develop around two narratives. Blue sky will focus on new opporutunities, new economy, and financial inclusion. The opposite narrative will focus on misuse by criminals and envioronmental footprint created by mining cryptocurrency.

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    1. What should be the fundamental framework for how we develop technologies? How should we incentivize a type of technology development that is supporting our values? And to do that, we believe that diplomatic relationships, engaging in dialogue, insisting that there is a relationship to be had with tech companies, finding ways of presenting and representing Danish values and interests, and, at the same time, understanding more what’s going on in the tech sector is incredibly important.

      Role of Danish Tech Envoy

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