33 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2020
    1. This article is important for Diplo for the following reasons:

      • growing relevance of digital economy for governance and policy will requie us to improve our coverage of digital economy and finance.
      • an interplay governments-companies will be crucial for understanding future digital developments.
      • need to improve our understanding and research in the field of digital finance.

      What can we do? This 'lifting' will be part of my (JovanK) 'sandbox' approach where I will try to map our existing human and tech resources and in a short time bring our coverage of these issues on the higher level.

      How ti will be done

      • gain full understanding of economic indicators that we will follow, including how often we have to follow them (just-in-time, monthly, quaterly, annually). JovanNj, who is economist by training will organise presentation for us.
      • after we identify economic parametars to follow we will re-organise our existing resources and identify new resources where we can find them (especially resources that we have to follow just-in-time)
      • start integration into our research (I am drafting article on an interplay between economic parameters and governance), web-services (DW, comparison softare), courses, etc.

      ||JovanNj||||Katarina_An||||NatasaPerucica||||TerezaHorejsova||||StephanieBP||||VladaR||||MariliaM||||kat_hone||||Pavlina||||JovanNj||

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    1. Some $1.4trn of the combined $1.9trn market value of Alphabet (the owner of Google) and Facebook, comes from users’ data and the firms’ mining of it, after stripping out the value of their cash, physical and intangible assets, and accumulated research and development.

      a lot of use of numbers in the economist coverage

      ||Katarina_An||

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    1. Comprehensive coverage of content policy and practicies by social media platforms

      ||MarcoLotti||||Katarina_An||||StephanieBP||||AndrijanaG||

    2. as misinformation about covid-19 flourished, Facebook took a harder line on fake news about health, including banning anti-vaccination ads. And this month it banned both Holocaust denial and groups promoting QAnon, a crackpot conspiracy.

      banning at Facebook

    3. Facebook now employs about 15,000 people to moderate content.

      ||Katarina_An|| We may add this to data about Facebook - e.g. what is the percentage of Facebook staff working on the content.

    4. see chart 1

      ||Katarina_An|| Could we find this statistics about Facebook?

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    1. A few points from this article

      • Internet is Facebook for many people in Myanmar (digital monopoly)
      • how 'Free Basics' created Facebook monopoly in Myanmar
      • how social media emphasis societal weaknesses (lack of critical thinking, etc.)
      • limits in AI-driven filtering due to use of different languages
    2. Critical thinking is absent from school curricula, depriving pupils of the skills necessary to distinguish fact from fiction. Myanmar is a hierarchical society, and divisive posts are often written by powerful figures, from senior monks to generals. Islamophobia also taps into an anxiety, unleashed by the opening up of the economy, that Muslims will enrich themselves at the expense of others. That fear harks back to Myanmar’s past as a British colony, when hundreds of thousands of Indians migrated to Burma, as it was known, and often prospered there.

      a few reasons why Facebook adds to miscommunication in Myanmar:

      • lack of critical thinking in school curricula
      • hierarchical society relying on authority of religous and military leaders
      • strong islamophobia
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    1. Facebook has warned that it may pull out of Europe if the Irish data protection commissioner enforces a ban on sharing data with the US,

      WE have to analyse this sentence since it is the key aspect of digital policy. Could you follow-up

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    1. Facebook Says Government Breakup of Instagram, WhatsApp Would Be ‘Complete Nonstarter’

      FB is arguing that the acquisitions of Instagram and WhatsApp were approved by the FTC leading to massive investments and tech integration and now are so intertwined that it is impossible to unwind the deals. ||StephanieBP||

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  2. Aug 2020
    1. Facebook’s history of troublesome acquisitions, including Instagram, that have largely avoided regulatory scrutiny

      Issue with Facebook: acquisitions such as Instagram, which have largely avoided scrutiny

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  3. Jul 2020
    1. bad actors

      Who decides wo are 'bad actors'?

    2. We’re also using data in new ways to inform the public health response. We partnered with Carnegie Mellon University to launch a Covid-19 Symptom Survey that canhelp researcherspredict the spread of the disease. With millions of responses, researchers are able to get a much more detailed picture of the pandemic. We also contributed aggregatedanonymized location data to the Covid-19 Mobility Data Network, a group of 40 health researchers whose work helps governments determine ifand whereit’s appropriate to roll back social distancing orders. I’m proud that we’ve been able to support people, businesses and the public health effortduring this crisis.

      Interesting data activity.

    3. we now have more than 35,000 people workingon safety and security

      ||NatasaPerucica|| Could we find somewhere info on workforce structure of Facebook and other companies?

    4. people have concerns about thesize and perceived power that tech companies have.

      After listing all benefits above, here he answers real concerns of anti-monopoly hearing.

    5. Facebook has made Instagram and WhatsApp successfulas part of our family of apps. Instagram and WhatsApp have been able to grow and operate theirservices using Facebook’s bespoke, lower-cost infrastructure and tackle spam and harmful content with Facebook’s integrity teams and technology. Following its acquisition, Instagram was able to get help stabilizing infrastructure and controllingrunaway spam. It also benefited from the ability to plug into Facebook’s self-serve ads system, sales team and existing advertiser relationships to drive monetization, and was able to build products including IG Direct and IG Video that used Facebook’s technology and infrastructure.Before it was acquired, WhatsApp was a paid app with a reputation for secure communications;together we built on that by introducing end-to-end encryption and making it free to use.Since its acquisition, WhatsApp has also been able to develop products such as voice and video calling that were built on Facebook’s technology stack. Thesebenefits came about as a result of our acquisition of those companies, and would not have happened had we not made those acquisitions. We have developed new products for Instagram and WhatsApp, and we have learned from those companies to bring new ideas to Facebook. The end result is better servicesthat provide more value to people and advertisers, which is a core goal of Facebook’s acquisition strategy.

      IN this section Zuckerberg tries to rationalise reasons why acquisition and mergers are good for everybody and, in particular, consumers. He further pushes the argument - forget monopolies when consumers are happy.

    6. we invest around $10 billion per year in research and development

      ||NatasaPerucica|| ||Katarina_An|| ||djordjej|| It will be interesting to compare companies investement in R&D with - for example - governments.

    7. innovation leads to improvementsthat benefit consumers.

      This is 'Chicago' school on tech anit-monopoly. Currently, it is dominant. But, it is increasingly challenged by the view that even if consumers are better off in short term, monopoly can affect them in long-term perspective when tech companies become 'too big to fail'

    8. China is building its ownversion of theinternet focused on very different ideas, and they are exporting their vision to other countries. A

      Facebook uses a lot 'China threat' argument. One of the reason is that Facebook never had significant activities in China. It would be interesting to see how other companies relate to China.

    9. Our story would not have been possible without U.S.laws that encourage competition and innovation.

      He signals that they are ready to play 'according to the rules'. But the problem is that some of these rules encourage monopolies and / or create space for unfair competition (Articlee 230 of communication decency act, taxation law, etc.)

    10. for free.

      It is not true. They do not offer them for 'free'. We pay with our data. They do not offer them against financial compensation. We should insist on this terminological precision

    11. services create a lot of value in people’s lives

      another argument

    12. Statement by Mark Zuckerberg to the US Congress

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    1. Its $70bn ad business is built on 8m advertisers, most of them tiny companies with marketing budgets in the hundreds or thousands of dollars and often reliant on Facebook as an essential digital storefront.

      Decentralised advertising income of Facebook

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    1. But the firm’s 15,000 content moderators struggle to cope.

      It would be interesting to see what is the percentage of Facebook workfroce dealing with content. Is Facebook content or software company?

      ||NatasaPerucica|| ||dusan|| ||djordjej||

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  4. Jun 2020
    1. f)Resolution 5 (Rev. Buenos Aires, 2017) of WTDC, on enhancingparticipation by developing countries1 in the activities of the Union and, in particular, further instructs the Director of the Telecommunication Development Bureau thereof, on continuing to promote remote participation and meetings and EWM so as to encourage and facilitate participation in the work of ITU-D;

      Development aspects of remote meetings.

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    1. Twitter and Facebook have differing business models

      Article explains how business model explains content policy of Twitter and Facebook.

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    1. semi-independent self-regulatory groups, such as Facebook’s “oversight board”, also known as its “supreme court”

      Are we following Facebook on ccontent policy

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