1. Last 7 days
    1. The gaming industry’s biggest year in history…

      We need to introduce online gaming as new topic in DW. Who could be moderator?

      ||AndrijanaG||

    2. JPMorgan just quietly launched its own digital currency…

      ||ArvinKamberi||Let us add this update.

      ||TerezaHorejsova||

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    1. Regulate AI only where required

      ||kat_hone|| cc ||Jovan||

      This article for your attention.

      Joshua is Chairperson of the Malta Digital Innovation Authority. Jovan has met with him in the past.

      I find he explains himself in a clear and informed way. He might be an asset in future events, also because in Malta (with its legislative agility) he gained some important experience.

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    1. 2019

      ||Jelena||||djordjej||||Andrej|| Jelena, please add numbers in this column as well.

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    1. Here is Non-paper with comments. You can also find Kat's summary of discussion during the presentation of the paper: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1WMBfziLV-reEk0ky7usbj8Iz6XRVkaDrkppaUFAmaX4/edit

      ||kat_hone||||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||

    2. The importance of access to, and unhindered, uncensored and non-discriminatory use of, open and secure information and communication technology(ICT) for fostering open societies and enabling economic growth and social development globally, is stated.

      language

    3. The Council Conclusions on EU External Cyber Capacity Building Guideline

      ||VladaR||||TerezaHorejsova|| Do we know anything about these conclusions?

    4. determined engagement in setting cyber-related and technical standards and regulations on aglobal level and the development of a cohesive approach and the assumption of an active role in ICT standard setting in the context of public private partnerships (PPP), especially in light of the increased activity in this area by emerging powers and the importance of technical standards for business development as well as for safety and reliability

      ||MariliaM||||TerezaHorejsova||||VladaR|| standards as one of priority activities of EU

    5. a Programme of Action (PoA) for Advancing responsible States behaviour in cyberspace

      What is this?

      ||VladaR||

    6. data sovereignty

      data sovereignty - not digital or cybr

    7. in a democratic wa

      Need to be explained - what does it mean?

    8. Regarding access to digital evidence, the EU and its Member States first recognize encryption as an important tool for the protection of cybersecurity and fundamental rights, such as privacy, including the confidentiality of communications, and personal data. The EU and its Member States are invited to find solutions that allow law enforcement and other competent authorities to gain lawful access to digital evidence concerning malicious cyber activities, without prohibiting or generally weakening encryption, and in full respect of privacy and fair trial guarantees consistent with applicable law.

      How to achieve this? We should follow more closely this discussion.

      ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||

    9. Cyber Security Strategy, Review of the NIS Directive and the EU 5G Toolbox

      to find and upload these document in DW resources

      ||AndrijanaG||

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    1. How to use Chroma key background. According to the article, the key is to get light right.

      ||Cecile||||MarcoLotti||||ArvinKamberi||

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    1. operating in the world as it exists, has been scrupulously building a government-in-waiting. And in the two days since a Trump-appointee allowed the formal transition to begin, Biden's team has begun to examine the rusted nuts and bolts of the beleaguered institutions he will inherit.

      ||NatasaPerucica|| Natasa, this para is related to yesterday's discussion on the future diplomacy.

    2. In this weird interregnum between Biden's victory and Trump's departure, the lame-duck President and the incoming one have taken remarkably, if unsurprisingly, different paths.

      An interestin point in discussion.

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    1. G20 Riyadh Declaration is very shy on digital issues. It does not develop further on Osaka declaration which initiated discussion on data and AI. See Osaka Declaration.

    2. No so-called ‘global stablecoins’ should commence operation until all relevant legal, regulatory and oversight requirements are adequately addressed through appropriate design and by adhering to applicable standards

      ||TerezaHorejsova|| stablecoins is the new term ||ArvinKamberi||

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  2. Nov 2020
    1. it should make fighting corruption in essential countries a foreign policy priority, given its strong resonance among populations around the world and documented link to instability, poor governance, and the rise of extremism.

      Real anti-corruption fight (not fake one) is probably the most interesting foreign policy innovation in Biden's programme. In many regions worldwide corruption has been accelerating through behaviour of foreign companies and countries. It accelerated last 4 years with autocrats developing economic system based on corruption. If Biden manages to reverse this he would do great thing for the world and for the USA (ordinary people will relate to the USA as fighter against their local corrupted authocrats).

    2. design and establish, within the Foreign Service Institute (FSI) and in consultation with academic and policy experts, a mandatory climate change curriculum;

      ||Hannah||||kat_hone||||Andrej|| We may revitalise our course on climae change diplomacy, especially in the context of our stronger relations with WMO. The course may have stronger links to science diplomacy, data and AI. Let us put it on our strategic radar in 2021

      ||TerezaHorejsova||||VladaR||||StephanieBP||||NatasaPerucica||||Katarina_An||||MariliaM||

    3. To analyse renewing of USA diplomacy: 'Revitalizing the State Department and American Diplomacy'

      ||Jovan||

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    1. fake people shared by ||Maja||

      ||JovanNj|| we may include it in the future AI presentations

      ||TerezaHorejsova||||Cecile||||MarcoLotti||

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    1. This text has a few major characteristics:

      • clarity of language; sometimes wrong information;
      • how to contain China's tech strength; accept that it cannot change China and countries around China's influence; but start counter-initiative to contain further spread of China's tech influence.
      • create digital trade zone of like-minded countries
      • call to weaponize the USA digital power and dependence on the USA digital economy.
      • USA needs to develop a competing vision (move beyond current passive approach of opposing - for example - Huawei)
      • test to see if foreign tech companies can be trused (Kaspersky and Huawei did not pass this test).
      • not clear interplay between free flow of data and encryption.

      ||Jovan||||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||||StephanieBP||||MariliaM||||NatasaPerucica||||Katarina_An||||kat_hone||||TerezaHorejsova||||Pavlina||

    2. That test includes three components and asks these questions:

      Test for foreign companies.

    3. Abe proposed the Osaka Track at the Group of Twenty last year to further develop the concept

      ||AndrijanaG|| shall we follow on Osaka Track in our processes. ||Pavlina|| Is there any follow-up in G20 (Saudi meeting).

    4. The Euro-pean Union has recognized that Japan is offering sufficient protection of personal data under GDPR standards and has agreed to a framework for mutual and smooth transfer of personal data that allows data pro-tected under GDPR to flow freely between the two countries.

      ||Pavlina|| It is interesting to check

    5. GDPR has inspired a series of countries, including Brazil, India, Japan, South Korea, and Thailand, to follow suit with their own privacy protection laws.

      ||Pavlina|| this could be used for update of our GDPR coverage.

    6. expanded intellectual property protections, anti-spam laws, penalties for the theft of trade secrets (including through cyber theft), protecting cloud companies against lawsuits for user-generated con-tent, and prohibiting governments from requesting source code for market access. Most critically, it maintains the free flow of digital trade across borders and bans data localization

      Internet governance via trade agreements (USMCA agreement)

    7. Efforts through the United Nations and other global forums have never moved forward because Chi-nese and Russian delegates are fundamentally opposed to a liberal-democratic view of how the internet should work.

      Not true. IGF is very democratic initiative.

    8. The treaty would center internet governance within the United Nations,

      Not true. Convention would deal with cybercrime.

    9. Digital Trade Zone - Proposal by Council of International Relations

      ||Jovan||

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    1. Relevance of Technology Alliance for Diplo:

      • create Process page and start following - WHO?
      • strong focus on cybersecurity ||VladaR||
      • relevance for our standardisation project - WHO
      • add actors to DW - ||AndrijanaG||

      ||Jovan||||StephanieBP||||TerezaHorejsova||||NatasaPerucica||||kat_hone||||Katarina_An||

    2. Summary of document

      • the main aim of a Technology Alliance is to counter fast tech growth of China; document contains detailed analysis of China's policies and approaches.
      • it focuses on supply chains (||VladaR||: potentially relevant for Geneva Dialogue; multilateral export control; new investement mechanisms ( ||TerezaHorejsova|| for various Geneva initiatives); standards (for Geneva-project).
      • Technology Alliance has a strong value-basis: promotion of democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights.
      • 10 members are 'in'; others are considered; major dilemma is how to bring India in the Alliance.
      • risk of China taking western technologies via a few weak points: informal scientific/academic cooperation (||kat_hone|| this could be a reason for growing focus on new science diplomacy; Taiwan's semi-conductor industry which is easily accessed by Chinese tech companies and researchers.
      • how to define critical technologies among members of Alliance?
      • high relevance of digital standards, mentioning Geneva's organisation, and suggesting practical steps (e.g. funding delegations for standardisation bodies).
      • growing importance of open source solution + decoupling hardware from software as a way to counter-balance Huawei's lead in the field of 5G.

      ||NatasaPerucica||||StephanieBP||||Katarina_An||||AndrijanaG||

    3. The survey was distributed to 643 experts from government, industry, think tanks, academia, civil society, EU institutions, or other international organizations. Out of all those who received the survey, 407 were from North America, 51 were from the Asia-Pacific, and 185 were from Europe. A total of 66 participants responded while the survey was available from April 14, 2020 to May 11, 2020. The results, excluding personally identifiable responses, are summarized here

      Only 10% responded to survey

    4. Overview of Selected International Organizations andNewInitiatives

      ||AndrijanaG|| Let us include these organisations/initiatives in our Actor's page

      ||VladaR||many of them are involved in cybersecurity

    5. o push for reforms of the bodies themselves to prevent bloc-voting.

      What is 'block voting'?

    6. While Chinese firms’ participation in international technical standardization should be a welcome development, the way the Chinese government links itwith mercantilist industrial policies is at odds with the purpose and spirit of international standards-setting

      Key issue - how to delink standardisaton from mercantilist industrial policies. It won't be easy.

    7. China is gaining influence in international standards-setting organizations like the International Standards Organization and the International Electrotechnical Commission

      is it true - to be checked?

      ||Jovan||||TerezaHorejsova||||NatasaPerucica||

    8. For fair investment criteria, members of the mechanism can build off the Blue Dot Network (BDN) certification model. The BDN’s participants—Japan, the United States, and Australia—certify development projects as “market-driven, transparent, and financially sustainable” with the objective of attracting private sector investment.25Criteria for certification originated from the G20 Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment, the G7 Charlevoix Commitment on Innovative Financing for Development, and the Equator Principles. Drawing from internationally agreed-upon principles lends transparency and credibility to BDN. Drawing from consensus principles likely would translate smoothly to the wider pool of proposed mechanism member states. It also would provide a solid framework for member states to collaborate on providing technical assistance for states to increase their own capacity to prepare investment projects.

      ||TerezaHorejsova|| We should include this in the survey of financing of digital infrastructure

    9. the Digital4Development strategic framework

      ||StephanieBP|| Could you follow-up on this initiative? We may include it in the DW

    10. The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)Pathfinders Initiative, which provides a mechanism for a subset of APEC economies to start work on a particular issue for eventual APEC-wide consensus, could serve as a model for how todo so.

      to be checked as a possible governance mechanism

    11. regain the initiative in the global technology competition through strengthened cooperation between like-minded countries; protect and preserve key areas of competitive technological advantage; and promote collective norms and values around the use of emerging technologies.

      three main aims of technology alliance

    12. mobilizes national champions, influences international standards, develops information and communication technology (ICT)infrastructure worldwide through the Digital Silk Road, and exports surveillance technology.

      Actions of China

    13. Technology, sovereignty, and freedom are increasingly intertwined.

      Three key words

    14. Beijing often threatens to weaponize economic interdependence,3such as an 80.5percentanti-dumping tariff on Australian barley in response to Canberra’s call for an investigation into the coronavirus outbreakandputting Germany’s car industry in the crosshairs if Berlin excludes Chinese telecommunications equipment manufacturer Huawei fromGerman 5G networks.4

      Here are a few example how China used interdependence as source of power.

      ||Jovan||

    15. Having China’s government dictate the terms of the global economy is in no one’s interest but Beijing’s. It would erode the economic and national security of most countries

      The main focus is on China

      ||Jovan||

    1. A U.S. Diplomatic Service for the 21st Century

      ||Jovan||

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    1. America is a platform like Microsoft’s Windows and Android, Google’s mobile operating system. These mix aspects of open and closed systems, allowing others to develop applications for their platform, but also closely control it. America combines monopolies and a strongish state with lots of competition. Mainly thanks to this profitable amalgam, the country has given rise to most of the world’s leading tech firms. China is more like Apple and Oracle, which combine being closed with lots of internal competition. The European Union is best compared to an open-source project such as Linux, which needs complex rules to work. India, Japan, Britain, Taiwan and South Korea all run differently and have technology bases to match.

      interesting comparison between tech companies and world's regions (countries) ||Jovan||

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    1. Not content with dominating the global search and search advertising market, the tech mammoth is rolling out a new version of its Google Pay app.

      Well, this is similar if we would say that Apple is not content with dominating mobile ohones and laptos production so it goes to digital finance. I would say it is rather answering the trend of the need of digital finance tools and options which clearly is linked to either the technology or device. Or? ||Jovan||

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    1. The Good CountryIndex

      To include in data sandbox? ||Jovan|| ||Katarina_An||

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    1. Two new reports, one from the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), a think-tank, the other the result of an extensive project at Harvard University, offer thoughts.
    2. Two new reports, one from the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), a think-tank, the other the result of an extensive project at Harvard University, offer thoughts.

      ||NatasaPerucica|| ||Katarina_An|| Could you find these reports (send links)?

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    1. A very confusing article from the Economist.

      ||Jovan||

    2. The Trump administration resisted efforts to compel them to pay taxes where they do business rather than in tax havens, regarding this as a grab for the profits of American companies

      Is it true?

    3. To give in to Europe on other fronts in return for help in such matters would be costly to America, which has largely opposed attempts to regulate and tax its tech giants abroad. In terms of statecraft, that is an attractive part of the arrangement; to be willing to pay a cost shows that you place real value on what you are getting.

      I do not understand this para.

    4. the Council on Foreign Relations

      to analyse this proposal.

    5. America’s commerce department told foreign firms they could sell no more chips made using American technology to Huawei; its justice department filed an antitrust lawsuit against Google. America also pulled out of talks at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a club of mostly rich countries, about how to tax the tech giants. India blocked dozens of Chinese apps, including TikTok, a popular video-sharing service, which the American government also wants to ban. The European Court of Justice (ECJ) struck down the “Privacy Shield” agreement between America and the European Union (EU), thus throwing the legal basis on which personal data flows across the Atlantic into doubt.

      Summary of the main developments

    6. It is packing the organisations that develop global technical rules, such as the International Telecommunication Union.

      It is inter-governmental space. Ultimately, countries decide ITU's policy.

    7. eventually boast an even deeper pool of data and experts to develop AI models.

      this presumption more data - more insights need to be revisited.

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    1. Although I am leaning toward MS in majority of solutions, Teams are proving to be objectively a very serious platform preferred by majority of universities and with this option of adding custom code, there is a strong possibility that we can use this both in the combination with our courses and withing ConfTech as as new playground. As far as I can see, this will be the future strategy for platforms as the need for integrations skyrocket. The biggest drawback is that you are giving more and more to Microsoft.

    2. Using the Power Platform, Microsoft wants customers to build Teams apps that are specific to their business. With the new platform, anyone can build apps, workflows and chatbots regardless of their coding experience.

      This should mean that we can develop Textus within Teams, integrate with Moodle (although this should be part of the regular integration, some other custom function can be introduced) etc. ||Jovan|| ||dusan|| ||StephanieBP|| ||ArvinKamberi||

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    1. Here is an interesting podcast page with image, short description and sharing via different channels: spotify, google, stitcher, tunein, etc.

      ||Maja||||minam||

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    1. What about fake faces? How relevant it is for tomorrow's session?

      ||JovanNj||

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    1. The draft PDPL also specifically provides various data protection principles, including transparency, fairness, purpose limitation, data minimization, limited retention, data accuracy and accountability.  

      Chinese data protection law outlines a number of data principles ||Jovan|| ||Katarina_An|| ||MarcoLotti||

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    1. This article provides a very good and fair coverage of growth of Huawei. A few aspects are crucial:

      • understanding process of development of 5G technology and standards.
      • relevance of Shannon for digital developments
      • new Chines approach to setting digital standards
      • relevance of 3GPP organisation (to follow more carefully on DW)

      ||VladaR||||TerezaHorejsova||||StephanieBP||||Jovan||

    2. So they did. The standards committee split the signal-processing standard into two parts. One technology could be used to send the user data. The other would be applied to what was known as the control channel, which manages how that data moves. The first function was assigned to LDPC, and the second to polar codes. It was well into the wee hours when the agreement was finalized.

      Core of 5G standards

    3. the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)

      we have to improve covrage of this organisation

    4. “China has a promising future.”

      Did not know this.

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    1. A very interesting study on knowledge, data and wisdom.

      ||Jovan||

    2. Contributors are supposed to maintain a “neutral point of view”; everything must be verifiable and, preferably, given a citation; and—this is probably the key to the site’s success with scholars—there should be no original research. What this means is that Wikipedia is, in essence, an aggregator site. Already existing information is collected, usually from linkable sources, but it is not judged, interpreted, or, for the most part, contextualized. Unlike in scholarly writing, all sources tend to be treated equally. A peer-reviewed journal and a blog are cited without distinction. There is also a semi-official indifference to the quality of the writing. You do not read a Wikipedia article for the pleasures of its prose.

      An excellent summar of wikipedia writing style.

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    1. ||TerezaHorejsova||||Jovan||

      We need to have better information about our funding. Our funding - outcome ratio is fascinating (we do a lot for little money comparting to others). We should not hide it.

      Here is one idea - how we should present our funding.

      We should also make clearer links to our annual reports.

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    1. 30 November 2020

      ||Jelena|| Since we cannot center the title of the page please also move this date to the left (to be aligned with the title).

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    1. The exclusion may seem suspicious, but to a statistician, “trimming outliers” is standard practice. Historians and journalists, by contrast, tend to focus on outliers—­because they are interesting—and sometimes miss grander trends.

      the way statisticians treat outliers

    2. This article is about use of data in historical research introduced by Peter Turchin. Drawing on data, he argues that history is determined by:

      • bloating elite class with less opportunities for more and more elite members (money, position, etc.); they create counter-elite. He did not mentione communism but most of communists were members of elite. He argues that Trump is member of elite - turned 'counter elite'.
      • declining living standard of the general population - here he comes to the argument of Paul Kennedy 'Rise and Decline of Great Powers': after some time elite cannot provide any more 'goodies' for general population, which starts revolting. Elite has to use force which drains resources and,
      • governments can't cover its financial positons and colapse starts as it happened many times in the history: Roman Empire, Napoleon, Soviet Union, ...).

      I like his use of 'proxies' in data analysis. A lot can be done in the current 'data science' by using proxies to determine societal developments.

      He started journal Cliodynamics: https://escholarship.org/uc/irows_cliodynamics

      ||Jovan||||JovanNj||

    3. For medieval France, a proxy is the membership in its noble class, which became glutted with second and third sons who had no castles or manors to rule over. One American proxy, Turchin says, is the number of lawyers.

      Use of proxies in data science. We have to find more proxies when we do data research.

      ||JovanNj||||NatasaPerucica||||Katarina_An||||MarcoLotti||

    4. a bloated elite class, with too few elite jobs to go around; declining living standards among the general population; and a government that can’t cover its financial positions.

      Sounds like Ibn Khaldun.

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    1. This list of events do not reflect our activities. We shold include events where we participate or act as partner. Who is in charge of events page?

      ||djordjej||||Jelena||||StephanieBP||||DylanF||||Maja||

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    1. ||Jelena|| please temporarely remove this page till we update content (keep page somewhere on the website as backup).

      It should be only written

      UNDER CONSTRUCTION

      ||djordjej||||Maja||

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    1. Our two-year Capacity Development Programme (2009-2011) in ICT Policy and IG for African, Caribbean and Pacific countries included several projects, courses, activities, and publications. Over 500 participants from 60 ACP countries benefited directly from the training. Many more benefited from the programme by following the activities online, reading the publications, and engaging with the community in one way or another.  Find out more on our archive site.

      ||Jelena|| could you find this website and link.

      ||Maja||||djordjej||

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    1. Translate Climate project.

      ||Jelena|| do we have anywhere backup of this website. In the meantime, pls remove this sentence and start with...

      A capacity building ....

      You can include all translations of the building bellow.

    2. ||Jelena|| please fix images on this page that do not load.

      ||djordjej||||Maja||

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    1. An interesting article in the ways how different genrations use onlnie tools:

      • use of e-mail and social media
      • the way how they position camera during video-conferencing.

      ||Jovan||||DylanF||||JovanNj||||StephanieBP||||Maja||

    2. Emails are in trouble, she argued, regarded by under-twenties as stiffly formal. People joining the workforce now may never have had their own email address before. Messaging apps make them redundant. Data security and online honesty are essential.

      Future of e-mail with younger generations.

    3. all sorts of signifiers that lump age groups

      Wat are these signifiers in the way how online meetings are organised and run.

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    1. But in his business life, Bharath is deploying GPT-3 for far more prosaic purposes, using the system to generate multiple variations of Google search advertisements for his clients, even if these ads are not yet good enough to use unchecked. “A lot of marketing is about creating content. That is very time-consuming and requires experimentation. GPT-3 can do that at an industrial scale,” he says. “Our clients really like it.”

      Use of GPT-3 for generting advertising materials.

    2. you need to do three things: scrub bad historical data that bakes in societal prejudices; inject some form of explainability into AI systems and understand what you need to correct; and constantly cross-check the output of any system against its original goals.

      Three points what we can do with AI.

    3. “It would be wonderful if we could train something on multimodal data, both text and images,” he says. “The resulting system could then not only know how to produce sentences with the use of the word ‘red’ but also use the colour red. We could begin to build a system that has true language understanding rather than one based on statistical ability.”

      A very interesting bridge.

    4. achieve competence in many fields without ever acquiring comprehension.

      Key sentence ||JovanNj||

    5. any evidence of intentional or unintentional misuse, such as the generation of spam or toxic content

      Ministry of truth?

    6. I enlisted its help in drafting myself a new biography, infused with the spirit of Star Wars hero Luke Skywalker.

      ||JovanNj|| How is this done?