1. Last 7 days
    1. In November 2020, I wrote an article about creating a topic cluster boosting my website traffic by 1000%.

      Good text on Topic Cluster approach for SEO

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    1. Axiom, a space company that flies passengers to the International Space Station and is developing its own space station, said this week that most of the demand for passenger services is coming from governments without their own space programs, not tourists with deep pockets.

      Axiom - private company flying passengers to ISS. Also building own space station.

    2. But the dream of space fanatics is a proper nuclear rocket, one using a fission reactor to run an engine two to three times more powerful than any motor dependent on combusting fossil fuels. Launched into space on a conventional rocket, it could shorten trips to Mars or give the Space Force unprecedented maneuverability. Last week, NASA and DARPA, the US military’s advanced tech lab, announced a collaborative project called DRACO to build and test exactly such a vehicle.

      towards a 'nuclear space rocket'

    3. Deep space missions regularly rely on nuclear power, using the heat emitted by radioactive substances to generate electricity without an atom-splitting chain reaction. NASA’s Perseverance rover, currently exploring the surface of Mars, is powered by one of these devices.

      Deep space missions relying on nuclear power

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    1. TITLE: Russian telecommunications regulator Roskomnadzor blocks access toCIA, FBI websites for 'spreading false information'

      CONTENT: Russian telecommunications regulator Roskomnadzor blocked access to the U.S. State Department’s Rewards for Justice website on Friday, alongside the sites for the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

      "Roscomnadzor has restricted access to some resources that are owned by government organizations of hostile countries for dissemination of materials that are aimed at the destabilization of the social and political situation in Russia," the agency told TASS in a statement.

      The agency acted based on Federal Law #149 On Information, Information Technologies and Protection of Information, it said.

      The websites were found to contain materials that "contain inaccuracies in socially important information and discredit the Russian Federation’s armed forces," Roscomnadzor said.

      EXCERPT:

      Russian agency says it blocked access to CIA, FBI websites which were found to include materials that "contain inaccuracies in socially important information and discredit the Russian Federation’s armed forces"

      LINK:

      TOPIC: Cyberconflict and warfare

      TREND: N/A

      PROCESS: N/A

      DATE: January 27, 2023

      COUNTRY: Russian Federation

    2. TITLE: The US-EU cooperation in fields of Cyber Resilience

      CONTENT: US Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro N. Mayorkas and European Commissioner for Internal Market Thierry Breton, released the joint statement on the cooperation between the US and the EU in the fields of Cyber Resilience.

      In the context of the EU-US Cyber Dialogue, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the European Commission's Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CNCT) intend to launch dedicated workstreams in the fields of:

      • Information Sharing, Situational Awareness, and Cyber Crisis Response;
      • Cybersecurity of Critical Infrastructure and Incident Reporting Requirements; and
      • Cybersecurity of Hardware and Software.

      The workstreams are expected to invite and involve as appropriate other relevant institutions and agencies working on cyber issues, including the European External Action Service, the Directorate-General for Defence, Industry, and Space, and the U.S. Department of State. In addition, a cyber fellowship led by DHS and DG CNCT is expected to be launched with a pilot that will involve an exchange of cyber experts in 2023.

      The statement further quotes, “Today, we discussed the initial deliverables, which include:

      • Deepening structured information exchanges on threats, threat actors, vulnerabilities, and incidents to support a collective response to defend against global threats to include crisis management and support of diplomatic responses.
      • Finalizing a working arrangement between ENISA and CISA to foster cooperation and sharing of best practices.
      • Collaborating on the topic of cyber incident reporting requirements for critical infrastructure, including guidelines and templates.
      • Collaborating on the cybersecurity of software and hardware.
      • Exploring how we can work together to better protect civilian space systems.”

      The first deliverables from these workstreams are expected to be reported on at the 9th EU-US Cyber Dialogue, foreseen in the second half of 2023.

      EXCERPT:

      The US and EU will launch workstreams in the fields of Cyber Resilience to establish deeper cooperation and more structured cybersecurity information exchanges on threats between the US DHS and EU DG CNCT as well as other relevant agencies.

      LINK: [https://www.dhs.gov/news/2023/01/26/joint-statement-united-states-secretary-mayorkas-and-european-union-commissioner]

      TOPIC: Cyberconflict and warfare, Network security

      TREND: N/A

      PROCESS: N/A

      DATE: January 26, 2023

      COUNTRY: US, EU

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    1. ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu||||sorina||||VladaR|| Here is an interesting article from the Economist on ChatGPT.

      There are a few points of relevance for us which I annotated:

      • can we use other transformers platforms?
      • can we 'shield' our sub-model from transformer (preserve our knowledge expertise)?
      • is it possible to have powerful systems on 'small data'?
      • do we have people/time to start experimenting with other platforms which are growing very fast?
    2. Neither AI was clearly superior. Google’s was slightly better at maths, answering five questions correctly, compared with three for ChatGPT. Their dating advice was uneven: fed some actual exchanges in a dating app each gave specific suggestions on one occasion, and generic platitudes such as “be open minded” and “communicate effectively” on another. ChatGPT, meanwhile, answered nine SAT questions correctly compared with seven for its Google rival. It also appeared more responsive to our feedback and got a few questions right on a second try. Another test by Riley Goodside of Scale AI, an AI startup, suggests Anthropic’s chatbot, Claude, might perform better than ChatGPT at realistic-sounding conversation, though it performs worse at generating computer code.

      Here is comparative survey of various AI tools.

      ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu||

    3. Stability AI, a startup that has assembled an open-source consortium of other small firms, universities and non-profits to pool computing resources, has created a popular model that converts text to images.

      to follow

    4. When Alphabet, its parent company, presents quarterly earnings on February 2nd, investors will be listening out for its answer to ChatGPT.

      It is important to follow.

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    1. OpenAI announced they've "trained a classifier to distinguish between text written by a human and text written by AIs from a variety of providers". Saying it is not 'fully reliable": correctly identifies 26% of AI-written text (true positives) as “likely AI-written,” while incorrectly labeling human-written text as AI-written 9% of the time (false positives).

      ||JovanNj|| ||Jovan||

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    1. Brazil Justice Moraes fines Telegram for not complying with court order

      TITLE: Brazil Justice Moraes fines Telegram for not complying with court order.

      CONTENT: Brazil's Supreme Court Justice Alexandre de Moraes fined messaging app Telegram for failing to comply with a court order that instructed the suspension of accounts of supporters of former President Jair Bolsonaro who were spreading disinformation and hate speech. Telegram will be fined 1.2 million reais ($236,527). Telegram did not immediately respond to Reuters on their request to comment.

      EXCERPT: Brazil's Supreme Court Justice Alexandre de Moraes fined messaging app Telegram for failing to comply with a court order that instructed the suspension of accounts spreading disinformation and hate speech.

      LINK: https://www.reuters.com/business/media-telecom/brazil-justice-moraes-fines-telegram-not-suspending-pro-bolsonaro-accounts-2023-01-25/

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 31/01/2023

      COUNTRY: Brazil

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    1. by IARPA, the research hub of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, which oversees America’s spies.

      ||Pavlina|| It is itneresting to find public info on these initiatives.

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    1. TITLE: Promoting masculinity (online) leads to harmful content and violent extremism(update on DW)

      CONTENT: The “Masculinities and Violent Extremism” paper produced by the International Peace Institute and the United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) looks across the ideological spectrum of violent extremists and terrorist groups and the ways they utilise their masculinities to recruit new and retain existing members. The so-called “Islamist” violent extremist use the narratives around feminism, gender roles and women’s rights and justice movements to repel such social changes through idealising warrior masculinity and male role in decision-making, more often than not based on violence and subjugation of women. Experts identified racially and ethnically motivated terrorism as a unique form of political violence which entails fluid boundaries between organised terrorism and hate crime which is reflected both online and offline. Such notions of masculinity are shared across social media platforms, in forms of catchy videos, memes, websites dedicated to male insecurities, thus creating an enabling environment for the growth of violent extremism. The paper notes that members of such platforms were “responsible for several gender-based, antiMuslim, and anti-Semitic mass killings''. Moreover, the paper suggests that technology companies and governments could focus more on categorising misogynistic and harmful content online, and hate speech rhetoric. Document offers recommendations for all relevant actors. It noted that counterterrorism and CVE policies and programs should be monitored and evaluated using a robust human rights framework, especially in policy areas which relate to regulating misogynistic hate speech online.

      EXCERPT: The “Masculinities and Violent Extremism” paper looks into the ways masculine narratives online lead to hateful narratives targeted at women, minorities, religious groups, ultimately resulting in violent extremism both online and offline. It calls for technology companies and governments to look into misogynist content being shared on social media.

      LINK: [https://www.ipinst.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Masculinities-and-VE-Web.pdf]

      TOPIC: Violent extremism, Gender rights online

      TREND: n/a

      DATE: June 2022

      COUNTRY: Global

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    1. ||borisbATdiplomacy.edu||||minam|| Let us include Press Freedom dataset into our database.

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  2. Jan 2023
    1. to “monitor the well-being of elder people”

      It is typical narrative - help elderly people or cancel prevention.

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    1. ||sorina|| It is interesting how different political parties are positioning themselves around AI.

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    1. some of whom are revamping their courses as a result.

      ||StephanieBP|| It is a good idea to revamp pedagogy as impact of ChatGPT

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    1. Switzerland ranks 9th for countries with most trademark applications per 100,000 people

      Countries with most applications for trademark ||JovanK||

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    1. A python module to generate optimized prompts, Prompt-engineering & solve different NLP problems using GPT-n (GPT-3, ChatGPT) based models and return structured python object for easy parsing

      ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu|| Could this 'promtify' software be interesting for use?

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    1. Asteroid miners prepare for launch. AstroForge, which wants to pluck platinum-group metals from near-Earth objects, plans to launch a payload in April that will demonstrate the ability to mine metals in space. The company also expects to launch another spacecraft onboard Intuitive Machines’ lunar mission later this year that will fly to a target asteroid and assess its viability for future mining.

      Asteroid mining missions (private) to launch in 2023.

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    1. TITLE: Extremists use social media to lure to women and girls into (online) extremism

      CONTENT: The European Commission’s Radicalisation Awareness Network Practitioners (RAN Practitioners) network published a paper which explores narratives and strategies used by right-wing and Islamist extremist actors to persuade and recruit young women and girls into violent extremism. Especially due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (P/CVE) programs struggled to maintain access to their target groups, especially in offline spaces. The document notes that digital platforms have not been used enough to reach out to girls and women in a strategic manner. On the contrary, the perpetrators took better advantage of social media in approaching and recruiting young women and girls. The paper looks into their tactics and young women and girls’s vulnerabilities. Vulnerabilities the perpetrators take advantage of include, but are not limited to, discrimination young women and girls experience online and offline, desire to belong to a sisterhood-like group, and other issues related to understanding sexuality and other insecurities. While misogynist narratives are on the rise over the past several years and women are being targeted with defamatory hate speech and anti-feminist discussion online, in parallel right-wing extremism (RWE) groups, such as neo-Nazi organisations and identitarian organizations, strategically engage in producing content and using specific hashtags with the aim of persuading girls and women into online extremism. It particularly looks into online platforms such as YouTube, Facebook and Telegram. The paper offers recommendations for preventing and countering extremists’ online targeting of girls and women.

      EXCERPT: The European Commission’s Radicalisation Awareness Network Practitioners (RAN Practitioners) network paper explores narratives and strategies used by extremist actors to persuade and recruit young women and girls into violent extremism. Perpetrators take advantage of their insecurities and vulnerabilities to lure them into online extremism.

      LINK:

      TOPIC: Violent extremism, Gender rights online

      TREND: n/a

      DATE: February 25, 2022

      COUNTRY: Global

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    1. Germany's new strategy for Africa (just launched).

      A few points on digital:

      • Digital transformation among the focus areas for development cooperation (although in the same basket with employment, fair trade, and migration)
      • Support for AfCFTA
      • Mobilise investment in digital infra
      • Support for the digital economy. Specifically, support for: enhancing economic and political frameworks; creating digital markets; enabling secure, universal internet access and bridging digital divides; fostering legal standards and data privacy regulations.
      • stimulate the creation of ICT jobs
      • Support the digitalisation of healthcare
      • Supporting women's economic participation, including through providing training for women with a special focus on digital expertise.
      • Supporting the digitalisation of the public sector and the use of digital tech to strengthen political participation

      Update published on DW and Diplo:

      https://www.diplomacy.edu/updates/digital-transformation-among-the-priorities-of-germanys-new-strategy-for-africa/

      ||mwendenATdiplomacy.edu|| FYI

    2. training for women, with a special focus on digital expertise.

      Supporting women's economic participation, including through providing training for women with a special focus on digital expertise.

    3. The focus is to be increasingly on software solutions (digital health),

      Support the digitalisation of healthcare

    4. stimulating the creation of jobs offering decent working conditions. It fo-cuses in particular on the promising industries of the future, such as information and communica-tion technologies (ICT),

      stimulating the creation of ICT jobs

    5. Support digitalisation of the African economyThe BMZ aims to effectively support the rapidly developing digital economy, for example through the Make-IT in Africa initiative, the establishment of digicentres and activities to assist African initiatives including the Smart Africa Alliance. It helps African partner countries to enhance the economic and political framework for digital transformation, to create digital markets, provide secure, universal internet access and bridge the “digital divide” within the population. It is also fostering legal standards and data privacy regulations, for example through Team Europe Initiatives such as the African European Digital Innovation Bridge Network and the EU-AU Data Flagship

      Support for the digital economy. Specifically, support for: enhancing economic and political frameworks; creating digital markets; enabling secure, universal internet access and bridging digital divides; fostering legal standards and data privacy regulations.

    6. digital infrastructure and health infrastructure, the BMZ aims to mobilise invest-ment –

      Mobile investment in digital infra

    7. Support the AfCFTA and ensure trade agreements are pro-development

      Support for AfCFTA

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    1. TITLE: US government launches Digital Transformation with Africa

      TEXT: The US government has launched a Digital Transformation with Africa (DTA) initiative dedicated to 'expand[ing] digital access and literacy and strengthen[ing] digital enabling environments across the continent'. The USA plans to dedicate over US$350 million to this initiative, which is expected to support the implementation of both the African Union's Digital Transformation Strategy and the US Strategy Towards Sub-Saharan Africa. DTA's objectives revolve around three pillars:

      1. Digital economy and infrastructure: (a) expanding access to an open, interoperable, reliable, and secure internet; (b) expanding access to key enabling digital technologies, platforms, and services and scale the African technology and innovation ecosystem; (c) facilitating investment, trade, and partnerships in Africa’s digital economy.
      2. Human capital development: (a) facilitating inclusive access to digital skills and literacy, particularly for youth and women; (b) fostering inclusive participation in the digital economy; (c) strengthening the capacity of public sector employees to deliver digital services.
      3. Digital enabling environment: (a) strengthening the capacities of authorities and regulators to develop, implement, and enforce sound policies and regulations; (b) supporting policies and regulations that promote competition, innovation, and investment; (c) promoting governance that strengthens and sustains an open, interoperable, reliable, and secure digital ecosystem.

      Date: 14 December 2022

    2. There are a few key words and phrases when it comes to US digital diplomacy

      digital transformation - overall impact of digital on society digital ecosystem - another keyword digital enabling environments - digital/internet governance

      The main aim is open, interoperable, reliable, and securte internet.

      I hilgihted a few other keywords.

      ||Pavlina||||sorina||||VladaR||||Katarina_An||||AndrijanaG||||StephanieBP||

    3. The Department of State will support capacity building and technical assistance, to encourage enabling environments for innovation, cybersecurity, and digital capacity building in consultation with African partners. 

      this is internet/digital governance.

    4. Digital Connectivity and Cybersecurity Partnership

      ||Pavlina|| Is this a new initiative?

    5. Digital Enabling Environment

      This is link to our work.

      Internet/digital governance is digital enabling enviornment.

    6. the Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment.

      ||Pavlina|| Is this new project?

    7. economic recovery, promote opportunity, advance social equality and gender equality, and create jobs.

      priorities

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    1. That seems likely to change in the next few weeks, when an uncrewed lander becomes the first commercial vehicle to touch down on the Moon

      private sector making its way into Moon missions/exploration

      • 1 JP and 2 US private-led missions underway or planned
    2. The Outer Space Treaty of 1967, space law’s foundational text, is showing its age. It dates back to the era when only governments had access to space. And it states that no claims of sovereignty can be made, on the Moon or elsewhere. Efforts to update the treaty to establish rules around resource extraction have run into the lunar regolith. America has refused to sign the Moon Agreement, adopted by 18 countries in 1984, whereas China and Russia have rejected America’s latest proposal, the Artemis accords of 2020.

      existing governance frameworks for moon/space resource exploration; fragmentation

    3. Of 178 successful missions in 2022, 90 were by companies (in many cases subcontracted by governments), and of those 61 were by one firm, SpaceX.

      overview of orbit launches in 2022

    4. ||sorina|| This article on moon exploration lists 3 private initiatives that may challenge monopoly of governments in moon operations.

      I also included in www.diplomacy.edu two key agreements: Moon agreement (1984) and Artemis Accords (2020)

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    1. False outrage

      TITLE: Pro-Kremlin media spreads false claims about President Putin's international support.

      CONTENT: Pro-Kremlin comments have been frequently appearing on articles in leading European media. According to permeate public discourse, according to the Security, Crime and Intelligence Innovation Institute at Cardiff University in Wales, these comments are intended to permeate public discourse in Western media. A 2021 study by the institute analysed comments on 32 European media outlets, such as Die Welt and Der Spiegel in Germany. The study concluded accounts are using the space on reader comments in Russia-related news articles to post provocative pro-Russian/anti-Western statements. Comments often They often contradict what the public opinion on a given country really think about Russia, Ukraine, and sanctions against Moscow.

      EXCERPT: Pro-Kremlin comments have been frequently appearing on articles in leading European media in order to permeate public discourse in Western media.

      LINK: https://www.dw.com/en/how-russian-fake-news-paints-the-germans/a-64394917

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 24/01/2023

      COUNTRY: Germany

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    1. MyData

      ICANN77 Policy Forum will take place on 12-15 June 2023 in Washington, D.C, the USA.

      The Policy Forum is the second meeting in the three-meeting annual cycle. The focus of this meeting is the policy development work of the Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees and regional outreach activities. ICANN aims to ensure an inclusive dialogue that provides equal opportunities for all to engage on important policy matters.

      For more information, please visit the dedicated page.

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    1. ||VladaR|| Hi Vlada, who is taking care of semiconductors page on DW?

      Here is an interesting article on TSMC move.

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    1. growing support for a ban on anti-satellite weapons tests as one sign of progress, but that effort came after a series of particularly messy orbital tests, and can be seen as an effort to limit Chinese and Russian weapons development.

      To look into: ban on anti-satellite weapons tests

      ||sorina||

    2. global governance: Rules for space traffic management, protocols for space debris mitigation and removal, and norms for economic activity in space, from resource extraction to property rights.

      Space governance areas

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    1. Climate change denial is making a ‘stark comeback’ on social media, study finds

      TITLE: Report finds Big Tech companies recommend climate change denial content

      CONTENT: A new report from the Climate Action Against Disinformation (CAAD) coalition revealed that fossil fuel sector-linked entities spent approximately 4 million USD on Meta for paid advertisements to spread false and misleading claims on climate crisis, net-zero targets and necessity of fossil fuels prior to and during COP27. This would imply that not only are social media platforms not managing to crack down on content that rejects widely accepted science risks, but they are even making it worse by promoting climate change denialism. Some of these Big Tech companies were requested to comment, but journalists reporting on the topic have not received an answer yet.

      EXCERPT: A new report from the Climate Action Against Disinformation (CAAD) coalition revealed that Big Tech companies are promoting climate change denialism on their platforms.

      LINK: https://www.theverge.com/2023/1/19/23562269/climate-change-denial-social-media-meta-facebook-instagram-twitter

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 20/01/2023

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    1. 12-15 June 2023Washington, D.C.

      ICANN77 Policy Forum will take place on 12-15 June 2023 in Washington, D.C, the USA.

      The Policy Forum is the second meeting in the three-meeting annual cycle. The focus of this meeting is the policy development work of the Supporting Organizations and Advisory Committees and regional outreach activities.

      For more information, please visit the dedicated page.

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    1. The 12th annual RightsCon 2023 will take place in San José, Costa Rica and online from June 5-9, 2023.

      The summit is organized by Access Now, an international NGO whose core mission is to defend and extend the digital rights of internet users worldwide through policies and direct technical support, all the while cherishing user engagement and input.

      Topics that are going to be discussed are global developments related to gender and sexuality, labour and corporate accountability, climate and environmental justice and the interconnectedness of these topics to digital rights.

      For more information about the event, please visit the dedicated web page.

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    1. Using the term “smart contract” can lead to confusion and potential equalization with the contract in the general legal sense of the term used in everyday commerce.

      1

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    1. The Fourth Annual National News Literacy Week

      TITLE: Next week is the Fourth Annual National News Literacy Week

      CONTENT: The National News Literacy Week will take place between January 23rd and 27th this year and will offer a variety of ways for educators, students and the public to get involved. This annual event highlights the role of news literacy in a democracy and provides audiences with the knowledge, tools and abilities to become more news-literate. The week is presented by the News Literacy Project and The E.W. Scripps Company.

      EXCERPT: The National News Literacy Week will take place between January 23rd and 27th this year and will offer a variety of ways for educators, students and the public to get involved.

      LINK: https://newslit.org/news-literacy-week/

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 20/01/2023

      COUNTRY: online

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    1. 04 - 08 December 2023

      The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), in collaboration with eTrade for all, will host its annual eCommerce Week. This event will take place in Geneva and online from 04 - 08 December 2023.

      The theme for the 2023 edition is 'Shaping the future of the digital economy'. The conference will focus on widening the digital gap and the danger that data-driven digitalization could exacerbate inequalities. Throughout the event, a particular emphasis will be placed on specific and actionable solutions to pressing issues related to the digital transformation of our economies.

      During the UNCTAD eWeek, Ministers, senior government officials, CEOs and other business leaders, international organizations, development banks, academia and civil society will come together to address three key questions: What does the future we want for the digital economy look like? What is required to make that future come true? How can digital partnerships and enhanced cooperation contribute to more inclusive and sustainable outcomes?

      For more information, visit the event web page.

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    1. The company made no outreach to Getty Images to utilize our or our contributors’ material so we’re taking an action to protect our and our contributors’ intellectual property rights

      In the High Court of Justice in London, Getty Images has filed a lawsuit against Stability AI, for allegedly infringing the intellectual property rights of millions of images to train its AI image generator, Stable Diffusion. Reports The Verge. According to the lawsuit, Stability AI violated several of Getty Image’s Terms of Service, such as image scraping to train its AI image generator.

      Getty Image is alleging that Stability AI has unlawfully copied and processed millions of images from its website without obtaining a license for their commercial exploitation, including copyright in content that belongs to or is represented by Getty Images.

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    1. The 2023 edition of Digital Government conference hosted by GovNet technology will take place on 23 May 2023 in London, United Kingdom.

      This event brings stakeholders from the government, wider public and privet sector, and the health services to discuss how new digital strategies and technology can improve citizen services and build a digitally enabled state. Through best practice case studies and discussions, the conference will provide a venue for stakeholders to debate and define the opportunities for digital transformation in the public sector.

      The following are some of the subjects covered by the conference:

      Digital Leadership Digital Skills Digital Identity Data Analytics Cloud Digital Divide

      For more information, please visit the dedicated web page.

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    1. The RIPE 86 meeting will take place on 22-26 May, 2023 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

      The RIPE 86 will bring together Internet service providers, network operators and other interested parties from around the world to discuss policies and procedures used by RIPE NCC to allocate Internet number resources and to share experiences, the latest development and best common practices.

      Each meeting consists of plenary presentations, working group sessions and Birds of a Feather discussion (BoFs). RIPE Meetings are open to everyone.

      More information will be made available soon on the RIPE 86 web page.

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    1. nce on Cyber Conflict:Meeting Reality 30 May – 2 June 2023, Tallinn, Estonia Agenda and registration information coming in early 2023 CyCon 2022 joined together more than 800 onsite as well as online participants and speakers from over 50 countries around the globe. → Proceedings → Gallery → Videos About CyCon The annual International Conference on Cyber Conflict, CyCon, hosted by the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence addresses the most relevant issues concerning the cyber defence community. Entering its second decade, CyCon has established itself as a prominent multidisciplinary conference and community-building event for cyber security professionals from around the world, while at the same time adhering to the highest standards of academic research. Throughout the years, CyCon has presented keynotes and panels focusing on the technical, legal, policy, strategy and military perspectives of cyber defence and security. Each year, around 600 decision-makers, opinion-leaders, law and technology experts from the governments, military, academia and industry of nearly 50 countries meet at CyCon to address current cyber security challenges in an interdisciplinary manner. CyCon is organised by NATO CooperativeCyber Defence Centre of Excellence More information about CCDCOE Follow us on Twitter

      The 15th annual International Conference on Cyber Conflict (CyCon) 2023 will be held on 30 May to 2 June 2023, in Tallinn, Estonia.

      Organised by the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, the conference will focus on the fundamental aspects of cybersecurity under the theme' Meeting Reality'. It will bring together decision-makers and experts from all over the world, from government, military, and industry, for discussions on the legal, technology, strategy and military perspectives of cyber defence and security.

      Some of the questions and issues to be tackled during CyCon 2023 include the following:

      Do our policies and legal frameworks stand the test of time?

      What technologies have turned out to be game changers, and which have been overrated?

      Our assumptions about cyber conflict and associated technologies in general, in addition to their role in peacetime as well as crisis and conflict.

      Focus on the Russo-Ukrainian conflict and novel cyber-attacks and malware analysis in the context of the conflict.

      AI use-cases in cybersecurity.

      For more information, please visit the dedicated web page.

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    1. TITLE: New report examines TikTok’s algorithm in recommending harmful content to vulnerable teen users

      CONTENT: Researchers from the Center for Countering Digital Hate look into how TikTok's For You feed's algorithmic recommendations react to teen users who express interest in eating disorders, body image, and mental health.

      By creating two brand-new accounts for users in the USA, UK, Australia, and Canada, all of whom were 13 years old, researchers looked at the algorithm behind TikTok. One of these accounts has a username that suggests a preoccupation with one's appearance. They watched and liked any videos about body image, mental health, or eating disorders for each account, and then they recorded the first 30 minutes of algorithmically suggested content on each account's "For You" feed. The resulting recordings were examined to see how frequently eating disorder, self-harm, and body image recommendations were made.

      The study found that TikTok gave suicide-related information recommendations in under 2.6 minutes. Within 8 minutes, TikTok offered material on eating disorders. Every 39 seconds, teens on TikTok received recommendations for videos on body image and mental health. According to the study, self-harm videos were recommended to vulnerable accounts with the vulnerable phrase in their usernames 12 times more frequently than they were to regular accounts. The overwhelming deluge of increasingly more suggested films that appear on the feeds of young people who interact with this content is something they must endure.

      EXCERPT: Researchers from the Center for Countering Digital Hate look into how TikTok's For You feed's algorithmic recommendations react to teen users who express interest in eating disorders, body image, and mental health. By creating two brand-new accounts for teen users, the report found that TikTok recommended information related to suicide within 2.6 minutes. Teens on TikTok were given recommendations for videos regarding body image and mental health every 39 seconds. The "vulnerable" accounts were recommended self-harm and suicide videos 12 times more frequently than the typical accounts.

      LINK: https://counterhate.com/research/deadly-by-design/

      TOPIC: Child safety online

      TREND: Tik Tok, harmful content, algorithmic recommendations

      DATE: December 15, 2022

      COUNTRY: Global

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    1. TITLE: Meta restricts advertisers to see teen user’s gender information

      CONTENT: The way that Meta's apps manage advertising and young users is changing. The new regulations limit how much individualised data advertisers on Facebook and Instagram may use to target ads at teenagers. Additionally, users under the age of 18 will now have more control over the ads they view and the reasons behind them.

      Beginning the following month, Meta will discontinue the option for gender-based ad targeting of users who are teenagers. Additionally, the business will stop allowing marketers to target under-18 users with tailored advertising based on their in-app behaviour, such as which Facebook pages they like and who they follow on Instagram. After the adjustments, the only factors used to determine the relevance of tailored advertising on those applications will be a user's age and location.

      EXCERPT: Starting next month, Meta will remove the option for targeting advertising to teen users based on gender. The company will also end advertisers’ ability to target personalized ads to under-18 users based on their in-app activity, including who they follow on Instagram and what Facebook pages they like.

      LINK: https://about.fb.com/news/2023/01/age-appropriate-ads-for-teens/

      TOPIC: Child safety online

      TREND: gender, online advertising

      DATE: January 10, 2023

      COUNTRY: Global

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    1. TITLE: New report reveals how the U.S. adolescents engaged with or experienced pornography online

      CONTENT: According to a research by Common Sense Media, 75% of teens have seen online porn by the time they are 17, with the average age of first exposure being 12 years old. The report's goals are to provide a baseline for understanding U.S. teens' pornography use and to comprehend the role that internet pornography plays in adolescent life in the United States.

      The study by Common Sense was based on a poll of 1,358 Americans between the ages of 13 and 17. More than half of those surveyed admitted to seeing pornographic footage of violent crimes like rape, suffocation, or people in pain. The majority of respondents claimed that Asian, Black, and Latino stereotypes were depicted in pornography. After seeing porn, more than half of respondents claimed they felt bad or ashamed. Meanwhile, 45% of respondents felt that pornography gave them useful information about sex. Teenagers who identify as L.G.B.T.Q. in particular claimed it helped them learn more about their sexuality.

      EXCERPT: According to a research by Common Sense Media, 75% of teens have seen online porn by the time they are 17, with the average age of first exposure being 12 years old. The report's goals are to provide a baseline for understanding U.S. teens' pornography use and to comprehend the role that internet pornography plays in adolescent life in the United States.

      LINK: https://www.commonsensemedia.org/research/teens-and-pornography

      TOPIC: Child safety online or Children’s rights

      TREND: Child safety online; adolescents;

      DATE: January 10, 2023

      COUNTRY: United States

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    1. Finland’s THL leaves Twitter, citing volume of disinformation

      TITLE: Finish Institute for Health and Welfare withdraws from Twitter due to disinformation.

      CONTENT: The Finish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) announced that they have withdrawn from Twitter due to the high amount of disinformation and inappropriate remarks contained in replies to their posts. Marjo Loisa, the director of communications at THL, explained that although the platform has always been prone to spreading disinformation, the situation worsened during the coronavirus pandemic. Especially given that the THL tweeted about the virus and vaccines. Consequently, the institute took the decision of leaving Twitter because they consider it presently offers little benefits as a channel of official information.

      EXCERPT: The Finish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) announced that they have withdrawn from Twitter due to the high amount of disinformation and inappropriate remarks contained in replies to their posts.

      LINK: https://www.helsinkitimes.fi/finland/finland-news/domestic/22811-finland-s-thl-leaves-twitter-citing-volume-of-disinformation.html

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 17/01/2023

      COUNTRY: Finland

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    1. Though the plugin is mostly responsive, you might have to add an add-on to make it totally responsive. Also, if you have decent HTML/CSS knowledge, you can create visually appealing tables by doing some minor modifications.

      Not complete solution

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    1. As a way to inspire media organizations and independent journalists, we will have a webinar before applications open, with with Sérgio Spagnoulo and Natália Leal, moderated by Cristina Tardáguila, about innovative ways to combat disinformation in Brazil.

      TITLE: Jogo Limpo 2.0, a Program to Combat Disinformation in Brazil in 2023

      CONTENT: In 2023, continuing the partnership with YouTube Brazil, ICFJ is launching the second edition of the program: Jogo Limpo 2.0. Through this initiative, ICFJ seeks to support methods and models to promote factual content that resists the dissemination and the impact of fake news. This is in addition to supporting and empowering journalists, fact-checkers and the entire Brazilian media ecosystem. "Jogo Limpo 2.0" is a program fully funded by YouTube Brazil. As a way to inspire media organizations and independent journalists, ICFJ will have a webinar before applications open, with with Sérgio Spagnoulo and Natália Leal, moderated by Cristina Tardáguila, about innovative ways to combat disinformation in Brazil. The webinar will be held in Portuguese on Tuesday, January 24 at 2:00pm Brazil time.

      EXCERPT:In 2023, continuing the partnership with YouTube Brazil, ICFJ is launching the second edition of the program: Jogo Limpo 2.0. ICFJ organizes a webinar before applications open.

      LINK: https://www.icfj.org/our-work/jogo-limpo-20-program-combat-disinformation-brazil-2023

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 15/01/2023

      COUNTRY: Brazil

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    1. One is the sheer amount of capacity it offers. Previously, satellite links were largely reserved for senior officers, headquarters and drone pilots, with the bulk of lower-level communication handled by radio. Starlink means front-line troops can sling around videos, images and messages in real time, even as they advance beyond the reach of mobile networks. That provides the sort of tactical agility vital to modern warfare.

      Two reasons why Musk's satellite are highly imiportant for modern warfare.

    2. lunar resources for itself,

      ||sorina|| you may add 'lunar diplomacy' and section on moon exploration.

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    1. American courts are yet to complete a significant crypto restructuring. This poses problems. Crypto has been around for 15 years, but nobody can agree on what it is. Token swaps are recorded on virtual ledgers by software on a blockchain, which no single person controls. This does not fit with property law, which assumes people own things because the law says they do or they physically have them in hand. Stocks have certificates of ownership; chairs are sat on by their owners. In contrast, the law does not enforce crypto ledgers and recording something on a blockchain does not conjure a physical coin.

      To check if this is legally correct.

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    1. A video: Display the title message and a video you upload.

      ||ArvinKamberi|| Possibility of uploading video to the waiting room.

      ||MilicaVK||

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    1. - 12 May 2023

      Intergovernmental Group of Experts on E-commerce and the Digital Economy, the sixth session organised by The United Nations Commission on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), will take place from 10 to 12 May 2023 at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland.

      UNCTAD’s Intergovernmental Group of Experts on E-commerce and the Digital Economy meets annually to discuss ways to strengthen the development dimension of e-commerce and the digital economy.

      The meeting aims to strengthen the work of UNCTAD on information and communications technologies, e-commerce and the digital economy for development, as well as to enhance its ability to support developing countries to engage in and benefit from the evolving digital economy and reduce the digital divide, for creating more inclusive knowledge societies.

      For more information about the event, visit the dedicated web page.

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    1. The semi-annual LACNIC 39 will be held on May 8-12, 2023 Mérida, México.

      The LACNIC 39 event brings together Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and other parties interested in internet policies and technologies from the region to discuss internet policies, allocation and administration of IP Addresses and other related resources (Autonomous System Numbers and Reverse Resolution) for the region of Latin America and the Caribbean. The event brings together participants from various backgrounds, including academia, NGOs, civil society, governments, and others.

      LACNIC 39 will include five days of training activities, technical presentations, and the opportunity to network and exchange knowledge and best practices.

      For more information about LACNIC 39, please visit the dedicated page.

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    1. Three examples of topic clusters in the wild

      Examples of topic clusters ||sorina|| ||Jovan||

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    1. How to Create Pillar Pages

      The main African report page in resource will pillar page for 'africa digital foreign policy' ||sorina||||Katarina_An||||minam||

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    1. Atomize your content

      ||sorina||||Katarina_An||||minam|| It seems that atomizing content is relevant and useful.

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    1. Different types of anchor text

      ||sorina||||Jovan||

      Here is a very text on selecting hypertext links (what text should be linked).

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    1. the 33rd consecutive year that Africa has been the destination of Chinese foreign minister's annual first overseas visit

      Q: What is the destination of the first annual overseeas visit of Chinese minister of foreign affairs?

      A: For 33 years, it has been Africa.

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    1. Crean un juego de aventuras para enseñar a detectar y combatir los bulos

      TITLE: Researchers launch first video game to teach fake news detection

      CONTENT: Researchers from the University of Extremadura in Spain have developed and launched a video game aimed at teaching how to detect fake news and combat online disinformation. The game is called "Forge of Destiny (FoD)” and it is the first multi platform initiative designed for this ends. The game is already available online for free use.

      EXCERPT: Researchers from the University of Extremadura in Spain have developed and launched a video game aimed at teaching how to detect fake news and combat online disinformation.

      LINK: https://www.antena3.com/noticias/sociedad/crean-juego-aventuras-ensenar-detectar-combatir-bulos_2023011063bde40fefc27f0001183578.html

      TREND: Fake news

      DATE: 11/01/2023

      COUNTRY: Spain

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    1. A very interesting analysis of Starlink in context of Ukraine, how it works, advantages of Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) satellites as technology, and possible limitation. Many governance questions opened up in comments below related to space race and regulations, UN and ITU, national regulation, etc. Feel free to contribute/respond/comment. ||JovanK|| ||sorina|| ||Pavlina|| ||nikolabATdiplomacy.edu||

    2. which may explain why the island is accelerating efforts to develop its own satellite constellation

      Taiwan working on its own LEO constallation

    3. In future, service will be possible even in places with no convenient ground stations nearby; the next generation of satellites is intended to be able to pass messages between themselves, rather than sending them back down to the nearest ground station, creating a network which could be much more unevenly tethered to the Earth.

      Important future prospect, that minimises current limitations related to ground stations and their proximity!

    4. Some countries do not want Starlink services making the internet uncontrollable, and so do not allow the company to operate within their borders.

      A general regulatory challenge for internet access for developing countries - satellites going beyond borders. One can regulate the use of satellite dishes, but that's about it. Will countries look for regulations of satellite internet access through ITU for instance? (eg. Starlink can operate, but only through ground stations that are in our territory and working under our jurisdiction)

      ||sorina|| ||JovanK||

    5. Meanwhile other launch systems are either unavailable, undersized or have yet to get up and running. American rules stop Western companies from buying launch services from China, and since the war began launch contracts with Russia have been cancelled. OneWeb, which relied on Russian launchers for its launches until this year, now uses SpaceX’s Falcon 9 and a launcher developed by India.

      Space technology including launchers play important geopolitical element here. India seems to be entering the field as well. How about cosmodromes? Does EU have any option? ||nikolabATdiplomacy.edu||

    6. fully reusable spacecraft called Starship which would be capable of launching some 400 Starlinks at a time, and thus taking the constellation from thousands of satellites to tens of thousands. The long-delayed first attempt to get a Starship out into space and back is expected this year.

      Starlink initially looks at 12,000 total. Do they need even more? Estimations are that each satellite can last for 5-7 years, when it may go down and need to be replaced.

    7. SpaceX’s launch capacity. SpaceX has the world’s best satellite-launch system, the partially reusable Falcon 9 rocket. That allows it to launch satellites at an unmatchable rate. There were 61 Falcon-9 launches in 2022. The company is talking of getting its Falcon-9 launch rate up to two rockets a week this year, with one a week devoted to Starlink. Each such launch will add another 50 or so satellites.

      with new technologies, it is expected many more satellites would be launched at once.

    8. In November 2022 the EU agreed to begin developing its own low-orbit communications system, IRIS2

      Another aspect of digital sovereignty is the satellite infrastructure. It is not enough using Starlink or other commercial one even if cheaper/easier... One has to have own - so EU is going for that as well. It remains to be seen if it will be a commercial or rather state driven project (or, similarly to the EU cloud - a PPP+academia option).

    9. In 2020 China filed documents with the International Telecommunication Union, a UN body, for a 13,000-satellite constellation of its own

      What role does the ITU play when it comes to satellites licenses? Indeed, it seems Starlink also filed the application back in 2014. What sort of licenses are there, how is this decided, are they mandatory? Worth exploring this important part of the ITU role. ||sorina||

    10. Starlink’s use in Ukraine marks “the beginning of the end” for the value of anti-satellite missiles. “[It] turns out they’re only useful if your adversary relies on small numbers of really large/expensive satellites.”

      Interesting point

    11. And then there are the satellites themselves. America, China, India and Russia have missiles that can shoot satellites out of the sky. Again, though, using them would seem a severe escalation. It would also be a lot less useful against a constellation like Starlink than against older systems. Knocking out a single Starlink would achieve more or less nothing. If you want to damage the space-based bit of the system, you need to get rid of lots of them.

      Another military advantage of LEO - since there are many, one would need to bring many of them down to make effect. Resilience effect of the internet itself, in fact (signal gets rereouted through other satellites)

    12. Starlink satellites relay signals they receive to fairly nearby “ground stations”

      Importantly, satellites only 'forward' the signal to the ground internet infrastructure - much like the mobile telecom towers do for mobile phones. Thus, user' satellite dishes communicate via satellites with 'ground stations' that are connected to the internet backbone (see illustration: https://dgtlinfra.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/How-Does-Starlink-Work-1024x576.png).

      Due to satellites orbiting the earth, to be able to operate they also need ground stations in relative proximity to the used dishes (ie when a user activates the dish, and it communicates to the satellite nearby, the satellite has to have a ground station within its sight as well to be able to forward the signal). Here is an interesting live map of Starlink satelites (hexagons and white dots) and ground stations (red dots): https://satellitemap.space/?constellation=starlink&norad=53556

      While dishes can be in a 'territory out of control' (eg. Ukraine, or Iran if someone smuggles it and uses), ground stations can be in nearby countries under political control/partnership. This enables full control of the internet content (e.g. content filtering or other) by friendly state/Starlink.

      But, users of dishes can be prosecuted, or targeted by missiles upon using the uplink (basically whenever a dish sends something to the satellite, when it has to beam a signal upwards towards the sky - it is discoverable).

      PS Very useful overview of satellites technologies and options, including Starlink: https://dgtlinfra.com/elon-musk-starlink-and-satellite-broadband/

    13. Most satellite communications make use of big satellites which orbit up at 36,000km. Perched at such a height a satellite seems to sit still in the sky, and that vantage allows it to serve users spread across very large areas. But even if such a satellite is big, the amount of bandwidth it can allocate to each user is often quite limited. The orbits used by Starlink’s much smaller satellites are far lower: around 550km. This means that the time between a given satellite rising above the horizon and setting again is just minutes. To make sure coverage is continuous thus requires a great many satellites, which is a hassle. But because each satellite is serving only a small area the bandwidth per user can be high. And the system’s latency—the time taken for signals to get up to a satellite and back down to Earth—is much lower than for high-flying satellites. High latencies can prevent software from working as it should, says Iain Muirhead, a space researcher at the University of Manchester. With software, rather than just voice links, increasingly used for tasks like controlling artillery fire, avoiding glitches caused by high latency is a big advantage.

      Useful explanation of why Starlink (and LEO for that mater) is superior to high-orbit conventional satellites:

      • it is closer to the Earth thus having much smaller latency (commercial tests say 20-40ms in practice at user end, comparing to cca 0.5s for GeoStationary Orbit satellites)
      • because it's so many satellites rather than a single or few, one LEO satellite can serve less people and thus provides bigger bandwidth, at level of 'broadband' (commercial tests say 50-200Mbps/10-20Mbps) It's advantage is thus primarily in number of satelites which are in tens of thousands; previously, each GSO was under a particular point on Earth and serving only those people all time.
      • Since LEO orbit around Earth very fast (completing a full earth orbit in under one hour), they can possibly provide connectivity everywhere, even the poles