1. Last 7 days
    1. This paper presents Climinator, a novel AI-based tool designed to automate the fact-checking of climate change claims. Utilizing an array of Large Language Models (LLMs) informed by authoritative sources like the IPCC reports and peer-reviewed scientific literature, Climinator employs an innovative Mediator-Advocate framework.

      ||JovanK|| ||JovanNj||

      This is an AI model that ChatClimate.ai and WMO have collaborated on building. The Climinator uses a 'mediator-advocate' framework that is quite innovative. I have doubts about the efficacy of this framework, but I thought it could be something of inspiration to the AI lab if we ever want to build an array of models capable of debating with each other and coming to a conclusion.

      Might be an interesting framework for us to try out, for example, in the following scenario: Our moderator is a diplomatic-text-finetuned LLM; our advocate 1 is an LLM based on GDC-related documents (via RAG) and our advocate 2 is an LLM fed with real-life expert interactions during our events (via RAG or finetuning). Then, we can give an overall prompt to the moderator to ask advocate 1 and 2 to find consensus on a GDC draft.||sorina||

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  2. Apr 2024
    1. Op-ed Writing: Tips and Tricks

      Tips for op-ed writing

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    1. The Israeli-Palestinian publication +972 Magazine and Hebrew-language media outlet Local Call reported recently that the Israeli army was isolating and identifying thousands of Palestinians as potential bombing targets using an AI-assisted targeting system called Lavender.

      Source

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    1. Nigerian officials are kicking off legal proceedings against Binance and two of its senior executives, accusing them of money laundering and tax evasion.

      ||ArvinKamberi|| Arvine evo teksta o Binance i Nigeriji.

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  3. Mar 2024
    1. Meta’s recent decision to shut down Facebook News, which was a source of revenues for many content providers, as potentially hurting the economics of the news industry, thus lowering the quality of journalism and, by extension, undermining the political process.

      Attack on journalism

    2. TTD has rolled out an alternative open-source technology, known as Unified ID 2.0 ( UID 2), that it hopes will improve on cookies as an industry standard.

      Highly relevant standard.

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    1. The TechPlomacy Approach

      Description of Techplomacy

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    1. ||Jovan|| Here is a good summary of the current developments in cryptocurrency. It is a bit PR, but it provides a useful overall summary. A few questions for us: - Does DW covers these developments? - Is there anything we can do to follow systematically this field as WSJ indicates or Atlantic Council presents effectively https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/cbdctracker/

      Soruce of article: https://deloitte.wsj.com/riskandcompliance/decentralized-finance-may-transform-how-money-is-managed-b443f30e?mod=Deloitte_riskcomp_wsjarticle10_eNL_SSFY24

    2. Central Bank Digital Currency Tracker – Atlantic Council
    3. regulatory uncertainties

      Key aspects.

    4. With tokenization and programmable money, transactions can be executed instantly, anytime, and from anywhere.

      What about national regulations?

    5. It could significantly enhance payroll processes, providing a way to compensate people on a more ongoing or recurring basis, such as per job for gig workers or per day for salaried workers.

      Payment for micro-activites.

    6. These assets can include securities, loans, public and private funds, hedge funds and money markets, private equity, environmental credits, real estate, commodities, ownership rights, voting rights, and content licensing.

      What can be tokenized?

    7. The Internal Revenue Service has also developed guidance on digital assets, treating them as property for federal tax purposes.

      It is critical that cryptoassets can be taxed.

    8. 130 jurisdictions globally are either launching, piloting, developing, or researching central bank digital currencies (CBDCs),

      ||ArvinKamberi||||minam|| This could be an intteresting map.

    9. Crypto-Assets Regulation

      Do we have this regulation?

    10. provided comprehensive guidance for how authorities can address the macroeconomic and financial stability risks

      Do we have this documents?

    11. “Supercharging the way money is used suggests new risks and benefits, and the rapid acceleration of AI could help accelerate the adoption of digital assets.”

      Combining blockchain and AI.

    12. The permissioned blockchain is designed to provide interoperability and control for powering synchronized financial markets to enable secure, controlled exchanges of data and value.

      Exchange of tokens

    13. blockchain, smart contracts, and the tokenization of assets.

      Technologies behind this shift.

    14. commercial adoption, regulation, and tokenization,

      Major processes

    15. Numerous countries are setting in place regulatory frameworks

      ||ArvinKamberi|| Do we have survey of current regulations and processes per country? Do we have, for example, world map with indication of countries that adopted regulations of bitcoin, etc.?

    16. they have the potential to replace certain services that today are provided by intermediaries such as banks, stock exchanges, or brokers.

      Where are we today with promisses of blockchain technologies?

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    1. One solution would be for countries to work together, to learn from each other and create minimum global standards.

      Role for WHO.

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    1. The present policy brief contains suggestions for practical steps to fulfil our long-standing com-mitment to meet the demands of the present in a way that safeguards the interests of future gen-erations and preserves their ability to effectively enjoy all human rights. These include:

      test

    2. The Summit of the Future in 2024 is an opportunity to agree on multilateral solutions for a better tomorrow, strengthening global governance for both present and future genera-tions

      @jovan This is important to know

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    1. this month bought a nuclear-powered data centre

      news worthy!

    2. He says the mightiest Blackwell system, known pithily as GB 200 NVL 72, can train a model larger than Chat GPT using about a quarter as much electrical power as the best available processors.

      Saving electricity

    3. Moreover, Nvidia’s larger integrated systems contain around 600,000 components, many of which come from China.

      Risk of China-USA tensions.

    4. Crucially, they will rely on (mostly rented) Nvidia GPU s, further tying customers into the firm’s hardware-software ecosystem.

      Locing users with software-hardware

    5. It believes that many businesses will soon move on from toying with Chat GPT to deploying their own gen AI s.

      Push for bottom-up AI

    6. “accelerated-computing”,

      ||sorina|| It is a new term.

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    1. Cyber security training for the Board of Directors

      Useful offer

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    1. The more serious problem is that Iran’s and Russia’s economies are too similar to be natural trading partners. Of the top 15 categories of goods that each exports, nine are shared; ten of their 15 biggest imports are also the same.

      How to view economic complementarity.

    2. Iranian and Russian ministers have revived negotiations to extend the International North-South Transport Corridor ( INSTC ), a 7,200km route connecting Russia to the Indian Ocean via Iran.

      Important route for expert from Rssia.

    3. Last July Iran became the ninth member of the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation,

      Participation of Iran in various regional cooperations.

    4. In December imports of Russian crude reached 2.2m b/d, or 19% of China’s total, from 1.5m b/d two years ago. In the second half of last year, Iran’s exports to China averaged 1m b/d, a 150% rise from the same period in 2021.

      increase of oil export to China.

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    1. Experts expect some inference to start moving from specialist graphics-processing units ( GPU s), which are Nvidia’s forte, to general-purpose central processing units ( CPU s)

      ||JovanNj||||aleksandarsATdiplomacy.edu|| Kako ce se ovo desiti?

    2. Experts expect some inference to start moving from specialist graphics-processing units ( GPU s), which are Nvidia’s forte, to general-purpose central processing units ( CPU s) like those used in laptops and smartphones, which are AMD ’s and Intel’s.

      So what does this mean in practical terms? In Nvidia Loosing ground because the more common (?) general purpose CPUs become relevant for AI? ||JovanK||

    3. A good summary of tech industry according to the layers.

    4. Third, and most important, big tech has the greatest potential to control every layer of the stack, from chips to applications.

      Real power of tech companies.

    5. Hippocratic AI , has trained its model on data from exams to enter medical school, to give accurate medical advice.

      Hippocratic AI

    6. Nixtla developed Time GPT , a model for financial forecasting.

      financial forecast

    7. to respond to queries (“inference”, in tech-speak)

      ||sorina|| 'Inference' is 'query' in tech speak.

    8. Technological breakthroughs tend to elevate new tech giants.

      Each technological breakthrough raised some companies.

    9. We examined

      Four layers of AI companies.

    10. to get a sense of which businesses are real winners in the AI boom

      Important for anchoring AI developments in reality.

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    1. ||sorina||||MariliaM|| Here is an interesting article on Pope's Message on AI arguing that antrophocentrism created a lot of distortion in adopting technology. We have to discover ourselves and 'others' in order to deal properly with technology. ||Jovan||

    2. Asking yourself what the world will be like tomorrow means asking yourself what youwant and decide to do today.

      ||Jovan||||anitalATdiplomacy.edu|| For our course on future

    3. the expression was coined to be catchy andvague, as John McCarthy, its creator, tells us.

      Whi even term artificial intelligence is misleading

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    1. AI study of corner kicks.

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    1. An excellent studies of the limits of counter-intuitive answers to economic and societal problems.

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    1. A ban on TikTok could open the door to many of these apps being consigned to the digital dustbin.

      Chinese apps in USa may follow similar develpment

    2. The 30 biggest Chinese video-game makers account for 18% of the industry’s global sales outside China.

      Chinese share of video-gaming market.

    3. The firm that makes them, Joyy, is based in Singapore, just like TikTok.

      Most Chinese tech companies are based in Singapore.

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    1. “ AI factories”,

      ||sorina|| New terminology in EU is 'AI factory'

    2. n 2018 the EU launched Euro HPC , a bloc-wide project to expand number-crunching capacity. The outfit is set to spend nearly €8bn ($8.7bn) between 2018 and 2027 on a dozen or so new supercomputers.

      EU's high computing facility. ||sorina|| It could be follow-up to our presentaiton to College of Europe.

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    1. 46% of Chinese get their news from short-video apps such as Douyin, the domestic form of TikTok which has about 740m active monthly users (China’s population is 1.4bn).

      Survey of Chinese social media market

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    1. the Congo canyon
    2. Just five submarine cables (including one under construction) run up Africa’s west coast between South Africa and Nigeria. Three of these were knocked offline on March 14th.

      Major disruption

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    1. ||VladaR|| Ukraine war was somehow off the media focus. Here is a good summary what is going on currently.

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    1. Nvidia’s AI chips, also known as graphics processor units ( GPU s) or “accelerators”, were initially designed for video games.

      ||sorina|| This paragraph explains well Nvidia's AI chps.

    2. Since January 2023 the chipmaker’s share price has surged by almost 450%.

      Search of Nvidia's shares.

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    1. could be considered a Hindu. Jains and Buddhists could be. But Muslims and Christians, as adherents of “non-Indic” religions, could not be part of the Hindu nation unless they renounced their faith.

      Who are Hindu?

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    1. By contrast, computinghardware has a finite throughput: if one actor is using some computing power, anotheractor cannot use that same computing power at the same time

      ||sorina|| following questons during GDC training, it seems to be relevant answer.

    2. Concentration of the AI Chip Supply Chain

      useful graphics as illustration of development of micro-processors.

    3. The recent advances in Chinese chipmakingcapacity, such as the fabrication of a 7nm chip25for Huawei phones (Liu 2023) haveincreased concerns about the controls accelerating China’s progress towards AI chipsupply chain independence and thus diminishing U.S. capacity to control access tocompute.

      There are two theories: one that China should have kept inderdependent and integrated in global market. second is of export-control which prevailed.

    4. The three keytechnical inputs to producing AI capabilities are data, algorithms, and compute, alsoreferred to as the “AI triad”

      AI triad

    5. First, governance of computecan help increase regulatoryvisibilityinto AI capabilities and use; second, it can steerAI progress by changing theallocationof resources toward safe and beneficial usesof AI; third, it can enhanceenforcementof prohibitions against reckless or maliciousdevelopment or use.

      There area of governance of Ai computing.

    6. Relative to other key inputs to AI (data andalgorithms), AI-relevant compute is a particularly effective point of intervention: it isdetectable,excludable, andquantifiable, and is produced via an extremelyconcentrated supply chain.

      it is easy to detect.

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    1. Project managers will not be going away, but they will need to embrace these changes and take advantage of the new technologies.

      Future roles of project managers.

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    1. Because AI is ignorant of silos, knows no boundaries within the company, has no limits to its reading capacity or attention span, and is immune from internal politics, it can enable strategic intelligence staff — including those working in marketing intelligence, strategy, and strategic management accounting — to breach a company’s internal knowledge walls.

      Ai as tool for overcoming silos.

    2. to real-time inference of otherwise hidden information about a company from publicly disclosed documents such as annual reports, quarterly financials, press releases, statements, and social media posts.

      How to identify 'hidden infomration'

    3. “Is there any statement of strategic relevance for the company XYZ in the following paragraph?

      Prompt

    4. to Uncover Hidden Information

      how to uncover hidden information.

    5. AI can become the watchful eye that spots useful insights in the field of competitive intelligence.

      Termi is 'competitive intelligence'.

    6. growing problem of information overload regarding markets and competitors,

      AI can help finding relevant information in a lot of information.

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    1. AI is great at identifying patterns and providing predictions for well-formulated problems, but it fails to practice emotional intelligence and exercise moral or ethical judgment.

      What is AI good at?

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    1. to balance privacy with security, trust with safety, helpfulness with respect for others’ autonomy, and, of course, values with short-term financial metrics.

      Trade-offs

    2. Norbert Wiener, the father of cybernetics, proposed a similar idea in a seminal 1960 Science article, launching an entire academic discipline focused on ensuring that automated tools incorporate the values of their creators.

      Start of AI and ethics

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    1. Overanalyzing

      How to do overanalysing?

    2. Rumination is best described as a mental loop where you dwell on past events, particularly negative or distressing ones.

      Wht is rumintion?

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    1. Teams in the experimental groups could use ChatGPT during both ideation phases, and they were encouraged to train the tool on the problem by inputting material from the information sheets.

      How to generate ideas?

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    1. The snail’s pace of research and publishing is badly suited to Silicon Valley’s speed.

      It is also about books and writing.

    2. is both an insider and an outsider.

      Like Diplo with diplomacy.

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    1. Qatar and the UAE increased

      Increase of diplomatic missions.

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    1. Western diplomacy must seek to counter Russian disinformation across the global south.

      ||VladaR|| Most of EU projects on digital/tech will be along these lines. It will be tricky time to preserve neutrality.

    2. If the West tried to use secondary sanctions to force the world to comply, it would backfire, leading some countries to abandon the American-led financial system.

      Risk of sanctoins

    3. Russia’s economy has been re-engineered. Oil exports bypass sanctions and are shipped to the global south. Western brands from bmw to h&m have been replaced with Chinese and local substitutes. In textbooks and the media a seductive narrative of nationalism and Russian victimhood is promulgated.

      Russia's survival formula

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    1. Christopher Myers of Johns Hopkins University is a fan of informal storytelling as a way of passing on tacit knowledge.

      The best way to pass tacit knowledge

    2. Working alongside experienced colleagues is the best way to transfer tacit knowledge but it is not always possible.

      The bet way to capture knowledge is through cognitive proximity.

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    1. Startups and corporations are already designing software to make it easy to switch between Open AI ’s current top model, GPT -4, and alternatives.

      Important to be ready to switch between different platforms.

    2. In January America’s Federal Trade Commission launched an antitrust probe into Open AI ’s deal with Microsoft. Regulators in Britain and the EU are considering similar moves.

      First anti-trust moves agains OpenAI

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    1. If the probability distribution of the words is flat, ie many words have similar likelihoods of being chosen, this means that there is less certainty as to which is most likely.

      ||Jovan|| What is this about?

    2. One solution is retrieval augmented generation ( RAG ), which splits the job of the AI model into two parts: retrieval and generation

      ||Jovan|| Good description of RAG

    3. This is a later stage of training in which the model’s weights, which encode statistical relationships between the words and phrases in the training data, are updated for a specific task

      Important of weights.

    4. he fundamental problem is that language models are probabilistic, while truth is not.

      good point

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    1. Many countries are more than happy to play both sides—receiving Chinese investment and intermediate goods, and exporting finished products to America.

      Position of many countries.

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    1. On February 20th Silo AI , a Finnish firm, unveiled a new LLM that is even more open than Mistral’s, furnishing information about the data on which it is trained and the software that did the job.

      ||JovanNj|| Anything on this model?

    2. to divulge its data recipe

      ||sorina|| It seems that battle was not around open-source but around data provisions.

    3. This places them among the 100 or so people worldwide who really know how to train cutting-edge models.

      Is only 100 people? ||JovanNj||

    4. “It’s no longer about being bigger—it’s about being creative and being fast,”

      Key for AI developments.

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    1. in establishing an internal “data and analytics culture”, which plenty of businesses find stubbornly difficult to nurture.

      Important aspect of AI impact on data culture

    2. three big categories: window-dressing, tools for workers with low to middling skills, and those for a firm’s most valuable employees.

      3 types of use cases.

    3. more than 300 AI use cases in production today”

      What is AI use cases? It seems to be terminology 'use cases' ||JovanNj||||dusandATdiplomacy.edu||

    4. n February only about 5% of American firms of all sizes said they used AI . A further 7% of firms plan to adopt it within six months (see chart).

      Little use of AI in businesses.

    5. According to a recent survey from the Boston Consulting Group ( BCG ), a majority of executives said it will take at least two years to “move beyond the hype” around AI .

      2 years to move beyond hype.

    6. The spread of the typewriter put some workers out of a job: “With the aid of this little machine an operator can accomplish more correspondence in a day than half a dozen clerks can with the pen, and do better work,” said an observer in 1888.

      Observation about use of typewritter.

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    1. The Global AI Index is underpinned by 111 indicators, collected from 28 different public and private data sources, and 62 governments. These are split across seven sub-pillars: Talent, Infrastructure, Operating Environment, Research, Development, Government Strategy and Commercial.

      Elements for AI analysis

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