109 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2022
    1. TITLE: NATO establishes review board to govern responsible use of AI

      CONTENT: NATO has established a Review Board to govern the responsible development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) and data across the organisation. The decision was taken at the meeting of NATO Ministers of Defence which took place in Brussels on 12–13 October 2022. The Data and Artificial Intelligence Review Board (DARB) will work on developing a user-friendly responsible AI certification standard to help align new AI and data projects with NATO's Principles of Responsible Use. The board is also expected to act as a platform allowing the exchange of views and best practices to help create quality controls, mitigate risks, and adopt trustworthy and interoperable AI systems. NATO member states will designate one national nominee to serve on the DARB. Nominees could come from governmental entities, academia, the private sector, or civil society.

      TECHNOLOGY: AI

      DATE: 13 October 2022

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    1. internationally agreed legal framework

      Hint to the work on a UN cybercrime convention

    2. Promoting open, secure, peacefuland cooperative ICT environment

      Reference to 'open'.

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    1. ECOWAS Programme on the Promotion of Digital Skills and Digital Entrepreneurship for Youth

      ECOWAS - capacity development programme

    2. The legal framework as provided by ECOWAS to regulate electronic transactions

      ECOWAS legal framework for electronic transactions

      • data protection
      • electronic transactions
      • cybercrime
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    1. seven nations onboard with a moratorium on destructive tests of anti-satellite weapons

      To look into: Moratorium in destructive tests of anti-satellite weapons (now with 7 countries on board). ||sorina||

    2. he FCC adopted new rules for defunct satellites.

      To look into: FCC rules for defunct satellites. ||sorina||

    3. Firefly gets to orbit. The company has put satellites on orbit with the first launch of its Alpha rocket.

      Firefly - new player in the satellites sphere

    4. ViaSat merges with Inmarsat

      To cover: ViaSat and Inmarsat merging -> stronger competition in this space?

    5. the first Russian astronaut to depart from the US since the days of the Space Shuttle

      Still some RU-US cooperation in space.

    6. when NASA announced that it would study the feasibility of a privately led and funded mission that would use a Dragon to boost the Hubble space telescope to a higher altitude, thus extending the operational life of the flagship observatory

      NASA looking into possibly funding a private-led mission to use a SpaceX Dragon spacecraft to boots Hubble to a higher altitude (for an expanded operational life).

      A new level of #PPP in space.

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    1. TITLE: Six countries selected to host future European quantum computers

      CONTENT: The European High Performance Computing Joint Undertaking (EuroHPC JC) had announced the the selection of six sites across the EU to host and operate the first EuroHPC quantum computers: Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, and Spain. The quantum computing systems to be developed within these sites are to be made available to European users (scientific communities, industry, the public sector, etc.) mainly for research and development purposes.

      For background, the EuroHPC JU is a legal and funding entity launched in 2018 to enable the EU and countries participating in the EuroHPC to coordinate efforts and resources towards developing supercomputing facilities in the EU.

      TECHNOLOGY: Emerging technologies

      TREND: Quantum computing

      Date: 4 October 2022

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    1. TITLE: US White House publishes Blueprint for an AI Bill or Rights

      CONTENT: The US White House, through the Office of Science and Technology Policy, has issued a Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights to guide the development, deployment, and use of automated systems. The blueprint outlines five key principles and is accompanied by a framework to help incorporate the protections into policy and practice.

      The five principles are:

      • Safe and effective systems: Users should be protected from unsafe and ineffective systems.
      • Algorithmic discrimination protection: Users should not face discrimination by algorithms and systems should be used and designed in an equitable way.
      • Data privacy. Users should be protected from abusive data practices via built-in protections and should have agency over how data about them is used.
      • Notice and explanation: Users should know that an automated system is being used and understand how and why it contributes to outcomes that impact them.
      • Human alternatives, consideration, and fallback: Users should be able to opt out, where appropriate, and have access to a person who can quickly consider and remedy problems they encounter.

      Within the scope of the blueprint are automated systems that have the potential to meaningfully impact the public's rights, opportunities, or access to critical resources or services.

      It is important to note that the blueprint does not have a regulatory character, and is meant to serve as a guide.

      TOPICS: AI

      TRENDS: AI governmental initiatives

      DATE: 4 October

      COUNTRY: USA

    2. measures taken to realize the vision set forward in this framework should be proportionate with the extent and nature of the harm, or risk of harm, to people’s rights, opportunities, and access.

      proportionality

    3. a two-part test to determine what systems are in scope. This framework applies to (1) automated systems that (2) have the potential to meaningfully impact the American public’s rights, opportunities, or access to critical resources or services

      applicability

    4. Automated systems should be developed with consultation from diverse communities, stakeholders, and domain experts to identify concerns, risks, and potential impacts of the system

      Hoe feasible this actually is?

    5. this framework is accompanied by From Principles to Practice—a handbook for anyone seeking to incorporate these protections into policy and practice, including detailed steps toward actualizing these principles in the technological design process

      framework to help put principles into practice

    6. five principles that should guide the design, use, and deployment of automated systems to protect the American public in the age of artificial intelligence. The Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights is a guide for a society that protects all people from these threats—and uses technologies in ways that reinforce our highest values.

      Blueprint includes 5 principles. Aimed to serve as a guide.

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    1. ICTs for the environment

      Q6/2: ICTs for environment

    2. option of telecommunications/ICTs and improving digital skills

      Q5/2: Adoption of telecom and improving digital skills

    3. e-health and e-education

      Q2/2: e-health and e-education

    4. tudy Group Questions

      SG Qs

    5. Fostering telecommunication/ICT-centric entrepreneurshipand digital innovation ecosystems for sustainable digital development

      Res...: Fostering telecom/ICT-centric entrepreneurship and digital innovation ecosystems

    6. he ITU Partner2Connect Digital Coalition

      Res...: ITU Partner2Connect digital coalition

    7. Connecting every school to the Internet and every young person to information and communication technology services

      Res...: Connecting every school

    8. ESOLUTION WGPLEN/1 (Kigali, 2022)Digitaltransformation for sustainable development

      Res...: Digital transformation for sustainable dev

    9. RESOLUTION 85(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Facilitating the Internet of Things and smart sustainable cities and communities for global development

      Res 85: Facilitating IoT and smart sustainable cities and communities for global development

    10. RESOLUTION 76(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Promoting information and communication technologiesamong young women and men for socialand economic empowerment

      Res 76: Promoting ICTs among young women and men for social and economic empowerment

    11. RESOLUTION 67(Rev. Kigali, 2022)The role of the ITU Telecommunication Development Sector in child online protection

      Res 67: Role of ITU-D in child online protection

    12. RESOLUTION66(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Information and communication technology, environment, climate change and circular economy

      Res 66: ICT, environment, climate change and circular economy

    13. RESOLUTION 58(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Telecommunication/information and communication technology accessibility for persons with disabilities and persons with specific needs

      Res 58: Telecom/ICTs accessibility

    14. RESOLUTION55(Rev.Kigali, 2022)Mainstreaming a gender perspective1in ITU to enhance women's empowerment through telecommunications/ICTs

      Res 55: Mainstreaming a gender perspective in ITU to enhance women's empowerment through telecom/ICTs

    15. RESOLUTION 46(Rev.Kigali, 2022)Assistance toindigenouspeoples and communities through information and communication technologies

      Res 46: Assistance to indigenous people and communities

    16. RESOLUTION45(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Mechanisms for enhancing cooperation on cybersecurity, including countering and combating spam

      Res 45: Mechanisms for enhancing cooperation on cybersecurity, including countering and combating spam

    17. RESOLUTION 40(Rev.Kigali, 2022)Group on capacity-building initiatives

      Res 40: Group on capacity-building initiatives

      CD

    18. RESOLUTION 37(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Bridging the digital divide

      Res 37: Bridging the DD

    19. RESOLUTION 34(Rev. Kigali, 2022)The role of telecommunications/information and communication technology in disaster preparedness, early warning, rescue, mitigation, relief and response

      Res 34: The role of telecom/ICT in disaster preparedness, early warning, rescue, mitigation, relief and response

    20. RESOLUTION 15(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Applied research and transfer of technolo

      Res15: transfer of tech

    21. RESOLUTION 11(Rev.Kigali, 2022)Telecommunication/information and communication technology services in rural, isolated and poorly served areas

      Res 11: Telecom/ICT services in rural, isolated and poorly served areas

    22. RESOLUTION 5(Rev. Kigali, 2022)Enhanced participation by developing countries1in the activities of the Union

      Res 2: Enhanced participation by developing countries in ITU activities

    23. Resolutions

      Resolutions

    24. REGIONAL INITIATIVES

      Overview of regional initiatives

    25. Implementation of ITU-D Priorities

      PKI for implementing ITU-D priorities

    26. Affordable Connectivity

      Kigali AP: ITU-D priorities: affordable connectivity, digital transformation, enabling policy and regulatory environ, resource mobilisation and international cooperation, inclusive and secure telecom/ICTs for sustainable development

    27. Promoting international cooperation and partnership among ITU membership and development-oriented stakeholders for achieving sustainable development using telecommunication/ICT-centric digital technologies.

      Kigali Decl: international coop, partnerships with 'development-oriented SH'

    28. Providing support to and cooperating with developing countries, LDCs, LLDCs, and SIDS in addressingtheir constraints for accessing digital-centric new and emerging telecommunication/ICT technologies and services and for the integration thereof into different sectors, such as government services, agriculture, education, health, finance, transport, etc

      Kigali Decl: support for developing countries

    29. Promoting sound, open, transparent, collaborative and future-proof policy and regulatory decisions with a view to facilitating digital transformation in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. We will implement innovative strategies and policy/regulatory initiatives to bridge the widening digital divides by enabling universal, secure and affordable broadband connectivity and promoting increased digital inclusion, while enhancing confidence and security in the use of telecommunication/ICT infrastructure and services. As such, we will develop and implement policy/regulatory frameworks to help ensure infrastructure resiliency, interoperability and protection of data, as well as increase broadband uptake. Besides, we will adopt effective plans to develop and enhance digital capacities and skills that are required in the online world, without which the digital divides will continue to widen

      Kigali Decl: good governance? DD, cybersec, infra, digital capacities and skills

    30. bold and innovative national plans and recovery strategies for ensuring governance, business, education and social-life continuity. This includes providing the necessary platforms and networks for essential activities such as teleworking, e-commerce, remote learning, telemedicine and digital financial services, while paying special attention to the needs of women and girls, persons with disabilities and persons with specific needs, the elderly and children, and at the same time preparing the ground for future developments in the post-COVID-19 era

      Kigali Decl: governance?

    31. We are also fully committed to tackling environmental and climate-change issues, notably in implementing telecommunication/ICT tools to mitigate the impact of climate change and addressing the impact of telecommunications/ICTs on the environment, in collaboration with users, the private sector, policy-makers and regulators

      Kigali Decl: environment and climate change

    32. Accelerating the expansion and use of efficient and up-to-date digital infrastructures, services and applications for building and further developing the digital economy,including mobilization of financial resources for providing universal, secure and affordable broadband connectivity to the unconnected as soon as possible. This will also include promoting investments in broadband infrastructure deployment, adoption and acces

      Kigali Decl: investments in BB infra; access

    33. Digital inclusionis a necessity, and insufficient digital capacity and lack of digital skills are core barriers to digital transformation and the digital economy. The demand for digitally skilled workers will increase with the accelerated move towards digital transformation. While many jobs have been and will be lost due to the COVID-19 pandemic, digital transformation and the digital economy can nurture new ICT-centric jobs. Education and capacity building for youth, and their access to digital skills and tools, are essential for youth engagement in shaping the digital future

      Kigali Decl: digital inclusion, skills, education, capacity building

    34. We recognize that available, affordable, dependable and accessible ICTs when leveraged through adequate digital skills can provide powerful drivers for development and are instrumental in timely, inclusive and resilient recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Capacity building/development in different ICT areas, including spectrum management, remains a challenge

      Kigali Decl: access, skills and capacity development

    35. build confidence, trust and security in the use of telecommunications/ICTs

      Kigali Decl: cybersec

    36. Another first for WTDC-22 is the Network of Women (NoW)

      Gender: First meet-up of Network of Women

    37. The Kigali conference revised Resolution 55 on mainstreaming a gender perspective in ITU to enhance women’s empowerment through telecommunications/ICTs to encourage Member States to have gender parity in their delegations to ITU-D activities to help solve the issue of under representation of women

      Gender: Revision of Res 55

    38. SeveralpledgesweremadedirectlyinsupportofITUprojects,including

      Pledges by govs and development agencies (GIZ, UK, UAE...)

    39. Thefirst-everITUPartner2Connect (P2C) Digital DevelopmentRoundtablewas heldon7-9June2022asanintegralpartofWTDC-22.Atthetimeofthiswriting(13June2022),374pledges had been announced, representinganestimatedvalueofUSD24.5billion.Thedriveforuniversalandmeaningfulconnectivityrepresentedinthesepledgesisexpectedtobenefitbillionsofpeoplearoundtheworld,especiallyindevelopingcountries.

      Partner2Connect roundtable and Digital Coalition

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    1. Regions

      Interesting that North Africa scores as the least expensive region when it comes to the average costs of 1GB of mobile data. But the ranking is solely based on the costs, without measuring what that cost means relative to incomes within regions.

      ||mwendenATdiplomacy.edu||

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    1. Common sense is different from intelligence in that it is usually something innate and natural to humans that helps them navigate daily life, and cannot really be taught.

      common sense vs intelligence

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    1. Synthetic data, however it is produced, offers a number of very concrete advantages over using real world data.

      advantages of synthetic data

    2. There are a couple of ways this synthetic data generation happens

      How synthetic data is produced.

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  2. Sep 2022
    1. TITLE: 54 countries outline support for human-centric approach at the core of standardisation and connectivity

      CONTENT: In a joint statement delivered during the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Plenipotentiary Conference, 54 countries endeavoured to promote 'a human rights-based approach to the whole life cycle of telecommunication/ICT technologies – including design, development, deployment, use and disposal - as part of a human-centric vision of the digital transformation, including in international standard-setting processes'. The countries encouraged the ITU to work with other standard development organisations to develop international technical standards are consistent with exiting international frameworks on human rights and fundamental freedoms. It also called on the organisation to intensify efforts to make its procedures more transparent and accessible, including to organisations active on human rights aspects of telecommunications/ICTs. Among the signatory countries were the 27 EU member states, Australia, Canada, Ghana, Chile, Japan, Rwanda, Switzerland, the UK, and others.

      TOPICS: digital standards, human rights principles

      DATE: 26 September 2022

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    1. TITLE: GSMA, IBM, and Vodafone launch Post-Quantum Telco Network Taskforce

      CONTENT: GSMA, IBM, and Vodafone have launched a Post-Quantum Telco Network Taskforce to contribute to the definition of policies, regulations, and business processes for the protection of telecommunication in the context of advanced quantum computing. According to GSMA, the taskforce will help define requirements, identify dependencies, and create the roadmap to implement quantum-safe networking, mitigating the risks associated with future, more-powerful quantum computers. Activities to be undertaken by the taskforce will focus on three areas: (a) strategy: integrating quantum-safe capabilities into telecom network operators’ technology, business processes; and security; (b) standardisation: identifying the needs and common alignments for the integration of quantum-safe capabilities into existing telecom networks; and (c) policy: advising on public policy, regulation, and compliance matters.

      TOPICS: Telecom infra, emerging tech

      TRENDS: Quantum

      DATE: 28 September 2022

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  3. Jul 2022
    1. Title: DeepMind uses AI to predict the structure of almost all proteins. Text: DeepMind, in partnership with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory's European Bioinformatics Institute, has released predicted structures for nearly all catalogued proteins known to science. The announcement comes a year after the two partners released and open-sourced AlphaFold – an artificial intelligence (AI) system used to predict the 3D structure of a protein – and created the AlphaFold Protein Structure Database to share this scientific knowledge with the researchers. The database now contains over 200 million predicted protein structures, covering plants, bacteria, animals, and other organisms. It is expected to help researchers advance work on issues such as neglected diseases, food insecurity, and sustainability.

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    1. he upcoming establishment of an EU office in San Francisco

      EU embracing tech diplomacy

    2. stakeholders from business, academia and civil society

      In the IG space, this listing of stakeholders would also include the technical community.

    3. countries of strategic importance or that have a high level of vulnerability

      Interesting formulation. Does this refer to Africa? What else?

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  4. Apr 2022
    1. In support of this goal,

      Hmm... So a proposal at the ITU is supporting the issuance of a national standard?

    2. competing to control international data,

      Interestingly phrased ('control international data').

    3. onceived of as agents of geopolitical influence or means to control critical, strategic resources

      Neither has CN been the one starting this trend…

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  5. Mar 2022
    1. multistakeholder deliberation u

      I still have a hard time imagining how this MSH mechanism would function...

    2. appropriate scope of sanctions

      'appropriate' by whose standards?

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  6. Feb 2022
    1. It might be a smart gamble—a new variant, the climate crisis, or a nuclear apocalypse might force us all indoors again—but it is, to put it dramatically, a bet against humankind

      Nicely put: metaverse as 'a bet against humankind'.

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  7. Jan 2022
    1. released version 1.0 of its technical specification for digital provenance

      New industry standard for digital provenance of content. Can help address deepfakes.

    2. the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA)

      Another industry consortia working on standards and specifications: C2PA focused on content provenance and authenticity.

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    1. the MIT team’s new qubit appears to be extremely robust, able to maintain a superposition between two vibrational states, even in the midst of environmental noise, for up to 10 seconds.

      robustness as a key characteristic of the new qubit

    2. Where a classical bit in today’s computers carries out a series of logical operations starting from one of either two states, 0 or 1, a qubit can exist in a superposition of both states. While in this delicate in-between state, a qubit should be able to simultaneously communicate with many other qubits and process multiple streams of information at a time, to quickly solve problems that would take classical computers years to process.

      clear explanation of superposition

    3. MIT physicists have discovered a new quantum bit, or “qubit,” in the form of vibrating pairs of atoms known as fermions.

      New qubit in vibrating pairs of atoms - fermions.

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    1. Entanglement forging could markedly expand the computational power of quantum systems

      advantage of entanglement forging: expand the computational power of quantum systems (and using less qubits)

    2. Entanglement forging, it turns out, involves the use of a classical computer to capture quantum correlations and effectively split the problem in half, making it possible to separate the 10 spin-orbitals of the into two groups of five that could be processed separately. This doubles the size of the system that can be simulated on quantum hardware.

      "entanglement forging" - combining quantum and classical "resources"

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    1. there is nothing preventing a vendor from “complementing" a standardized interface with additional proprietary techniques.

      explains the point above on interoperability

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    1. Unfortunately, the long and short of it is usually: the more qubits you have the more errors you get. The new research hopes to alleviate that by creating a new way to handle qubit operations, thus allowing gate-based quantum computer systems to scale.

      what all this means

    2. each team was able to build a distinct, silicon-based, two-qubit quantum computing system capable of operating with greater than 99% accuracy

      silicon-based, two-qubit quantum computing system able to operate with >99% accuracy

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    1. Indonesia and Vietnam have both released na-tional AI strategies in the time since our 2020 index was compiled

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    2. This reflects the country’s Vision dimension score (it has a National AI Strategy), its commitment to addressing ethics in AI as shown in its Artificial Intelligence Governance Framework,

      Make sure these are in our mapping. ||sorina||

    3. he country recently published its National AI Strategy with strategic priorities for the period 2021-2025.

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    4. Mauritius has developed an official National AI Strategy, which sets out a plan from 2018-2022 to guide progress in this area. Although South Africa is yet to launch a national AI strategy, it has established a Presidential Commission on Fourth Industrial Revolution.

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    5. Qatar and Saudi Arabia unveiled their National AI Strat-egies. Qatar’s National Artificial Intelligence Strat-egy focuses on six main pillars: education, data access, employment, business, research, and ethics. Additionally, the strategy aligns with the overarching Qatar National Vision 2030, which identifies artificial intelligence as a central compo-nent in the country’s transition from an oil-based economy to a knowledge-based economy. Simi-larly, Saudi Arabia released its National Data and Artificial Intelligence Strategy, with six goals

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    6. Ukraine, in fact, released its national AI strategy in Decem-ber 2021,

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    7. four new national AI strategies in Eastern Europe: Bulgaria, Slovenia, Hungary, Latvia.

      Make sure these are in our mapping. ||sorina||

    8. Italy has taken a similar approach with its three-year Strategic Program for Artificial Intel-ligence, released in November 2021,

      Make sure it is in our mapping. ||sorina||

    9. the Caribbean Artificial Intelligence Initiative led by UNESCO, which seeks to create a sub-regional strategy on the responsible, inclusive and human adoption of AI in the Caribbean

      Look into this. ||sorina||

    10. In 2020, the Colombian government launched the National Policy for Digital Transformation (AI Strategy) and recently created an AI Task Force comprising government officials and sub-ject matter experts.

      Make sure it is in our mapping. ||sorina||

    11. the fAIr initiative led by the

      Look into this. ||sorina||

    12. the launch of national AI frameworks by the governments of Chile and Brazil has been one of the main events in the subcontinent

      Make sure these are in our mapping. ||sorina||

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    1. now

      Well, not technically 'now'. It's been doing this for a while.

    2. The NSD outline delves into the interaction between the process of developing technical standards and driving forward technological innovation.

      Clear in many other previous docs also...

    3. Why is the Chinese government pulling out all the stops on its standardization program in the current political climate?

      But the focus on standardisation is not new. For instance, every single year most ministries (if not all) issue their own standardisation priorities.

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    1. The pandemic may accelerate a pre-existing global trend toward digitalization, automation and robotization, as firms increasingly seek to replace low-skilled workers with automated processe

      pandemic accelerating digitalisation trend

    2. The “digital divide” is exacerbated by less accessible high-speed internet and tele-commuting technologies for low-income households

      DD and access to work

    3. side from the benefits, however, this may contribute to rising income inequality and form a long-term setback for intergenerational mobility and human capital accumulation among low-income households

      digitalisation and inequalities

    4. the pandemic has exacerbated the digital divide as telecommuting opportunities and remote education have not been equally accessible by low-income households.

      growing DD

    5. To cement productivity gains related to the accelerated adoption of digital technologies, policy makers can foster competition among digital firms including by reducing barriers to entry.

      link between competition and faster adoption of digital tech

    6. rapid adoption of digital financial technologies could reduce financing costs and expand access to credit among small- and medium-sized firms

      financial tech

    7. faster pace of technological diffusion across firms and countrie

      acknowledging inequalities

    8. Global growth could also benefit from a prolonged period of accelerated technological change, which may, over time, become a positive side-effect of the pandemic. Many corporations were forced to innovate in order to survive the initial pandemic shock, rapidly adopting new digital technologies and shifting some of their business activities online. If sustained, the acceleration of digitalization brought on by the pandemic could contribute to faster productivity growth (Hallward-Driemeier et al. 2020; IMF 2021a; Mischke et al. 2021). The installation of new productive capital such as telecom-munications equipment could contribute to a rise in total factor productivity, in contrast to the declines experienced after some past global recession

      Again about how digital tech could drive productivity growth.

    9. continued rapid adoption of digital technologies could help sustain a more robust global economic recovery than projected.

      digital tech and global economic recovery

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  8. Apr 2021
    1. Mobileye is developing two completely independent self-driving systems—one driven by cameras and the other by a combination of lidar and radar. Once each of these systems has achieved a high level of performance separately, Mobileye will combine them into a single system. Mobileye believes this extra layer of redundancy will give the company higher confidence in the safety of its systems

      new approach to developing self-driving tech

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    1. Yet doom-mongers struggle to point to actual evidence of accelerating automation.

      Little evidence that there is an accelerated automation of work (including in the pandemic context).

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