46 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2022
    1. Title: DeepMind uses AI to predict the structure of almost all proteins. Text: DeepMind, in partnership with the European Molecular Biology Laboratory's European Bioinformatics Institute, has released predicted structures for nearly all catalogued proteins known to science. The announcement comes a year after the two partners released and open-sourced AlphaFold – an artificial intelligence (AI) system used to predict the 3D structure of a protein – and created the AlphaFold Protein Structure Database to share this scientific knowledge with the researchers. The database now contains over 200 million predicted protein structures, covering plants, bacteria, animals, and other organisms. It is expected to help researchers advance work on issues such as neglected diseases, food insecurity, and sustainability.

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    1. he upcoming establishment of an EU office in San Francisco

      EU embracing tech diplomacy

    2. stakeholders from business, academia and civil society

      In the IG space, this listing of stakeholders would also include the technical community.

    3. countries of strategic importance or that have a high level of vulnerability

      Interesting formulation. Does this refer to Africa? What else?

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  2. Apr 2022
    1. In support of this goal,

      Hmm... So a proposal at the ITU is supporting the issuance of a national standard?

    2. competing to control international data,

      Interestingly phrased ('control international data').

    3. onceived of as agents of geopolitical influence or means to control critical, strategic resources

      Neither has CN been the one starting this trend…

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  3. Mar 2022
    1. multistakeholder deliberation u

      I still have a hard time imagining how this MSH mechanism would function...

    2. appropriate scope of sanctions

      'appropriate' by whose standards?

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  4. Feb 2022
    1. It might be a smart gamble—a new variant, the climate crisis, or a nuclear apocalypse might force us all indoors again—but it is, to put it dramatically, a bet against humankind

      Nicely put: metaverse as 'a bet against humankind'.

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  5. Jan 2022
    1. released version 1.0 of its technical specification for digital provenance

      New industry standard for digital provenance of content. Can help address deepfakes.

    2. the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA)

      Another industry consortia working on standards and specifications: C2PA focused on content provenance and authenticity.

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    1. the MIT team’s new qubit appears to be extremely robust, able to maintain a superposition between two vibrational states, even in the midst of environmental noise, for up to 10 seconds.

      robustness as a key characteristic of the new qubit

    2. Where a classical bit in today’s computers carries out a series of logical operations starting from one of either two states, 0 or 1, a qubit can exist in a superposition of both states. While in this delicate in-between state, a qubit should be able to simultaneously communicate with many other qubits and process multiple streams of information at a time, to quickly solve problems that would take classical computers years to process.

      clear explanation of superposition

    3. MIT physicists have discovered a new quantum bit, or “qubit,” in the form of vibrating pairs of atoms known as fermions.

      New qubit in vibrating pairs of atoms - fermions.

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    1. Entanglement forging could markedly expand the computational power of quantum systems

      advantage of entanglement forging: expand the computational power of quantum systems (and using less qubits)

    2. Entanglement forging, it turns out, involves the use of a classical computer to capture quantum correlations and effectively split the problem in half, making it possible to separate the 10 spin-orbitals of the into two groups of five that could be processed separately. This doubles the size of the system that can be simulated on quantum hardware.

      "entanglement forging" - combining quantum and classical "resources"

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    1. there is nothing preventing a vendor from “complementing" a standardized interface with additional proprietary techniques.

      explains the point above on interoperability

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    1. Unfortunately, the long and short of it is usually: the more qubits you have the more errors you get. The new research hopes to alleviate that by creating a new way to handle qubit operations, thus allowing gate-based quantum computer systems to scale.

      what all this means

    2. each team was able to build a distinct, silicon-based, two-qubit quantum computing system capable of operating with greater than 99% accuracy

      silicon-based, two-qubit quantum computing system able to operate with >99% accuracy

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    1. Indonesia and Vietnam have both released na-tional AI strategies in the time since our 2020 index was compiled

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    2. This reflects the country’s Vision dimension score (it has a National AI Strategy), its commitment to addressing ethics in AI as shown in its Artificial Intelligence Governance Framework,

      Make sure these are in our mapping. ||sorina||

    3. he country recently published its National AI Strategy with strategic priorities for the period 2021-2025.

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    4. Mauritius has developed an official National AI Strategy, which sets out a plan from 2018-2022 to guide progress in this area. Although South Africa is yet to launch a national AI strategy, it has established a Presidential Commission on Fourth Industrial Revolution.

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    5. Qatar and Saudi Arabia unveiled their National AI Strat-egies. Qatar’s National Artificial Intelligence Strat-egy focuses on six main pillars: education, data access, employment, business, research, and ethics. Additionally, the strategy aligns with the overarching Qatar National Vision 2030, which identifies artificial intelligence as a central compo-nent in the country’s transition from an oil-based economy to a knowledge-based economy. Simi-larly, Saudi Arabia released its National Data and Artificial Intelligence Strategy, with six goals

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    6. Ukraine, in fact, released its national AI strategy in Decem-ber 2021,

      Add to our mapping. ||sorina||

    7. four new national AI strategies in Eastern Europe: Bulgaria, Slovenia, Hungary, Latvia.

      Make sure these are in our mapping. ||sorina||

    8. Italy has taken a similar approach with its three-year Strategic Program for Artificial Intel-ligence, released in November 2021,

      Make sure it is in our mapping. ||sorina||

    9. the Caribbean Artificial Intelligence Initiative led by UNESCO, which seeks to create a sub-regional strategy on the responsible, inclusive and human adoption of AI in the Caribbean

      Look into this. ||sorina||

    10. In 2020, the Colombian government launched the National Policy for Digital Transformation (AI Strategy) and recently created an AI Task Force comprising government officials and sub-ject matter experts.

      Make sure it is in our mapping. ||sorina||

    11. the fAIr initiative led by the

      Look into this. ||sorina||

    12. the launch of national AI frameworks by the governments of Chile and Brazil has been one of the main events in the subcontinent

      Make sure these are in our mapping. ||sorina||

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    1. now

      Well, not technically 'now'. It's been doing this for a while.

    2. The NSD outline delves into the interaction between the process of developing technical standards and driving forward technological innovation.

      Clear in many other previous docs also...

    3. Why is the Chinese government pulling out all the stops on its standardization program in the current political climate?

      But the focus on standardisation is not new. For instance, every single year most ministries (if not all) issue their own standardisation priorities.

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    1. The pandemic may accelerate a pre-existing global trend toward digitalization, automation and robotization, as firms increasingly seek to replace low-skilled workers with automated processe

      pandemic accelerating digitalisation trend

    2. The “digital divide” is exacerbated by less accessible high-speed internet and tele-commuting technologies for low-income households

      DD and access to work

    3. side from the benefits, however, this may contribute to rising income inequality and form a long-term setback for intergenerational mobility and human capital accumulation among low-income households

      digitalisation and inequalities

    4. the pandemic has exacerbated the digital divide as telecommuting opportunities and remote education have not been equally accessible by low-income households.

      growing DD

    5. To cement productivity gains related to the accelerated adoption of digital technologies, policy makers can foster competition among digital firms including by reducing barriers to entry.

      link between competition and faster adoption of digital tech

    6. rapid adoption of digital financial technologies could reduce financing costs and expand access to credit among small- and medium-sized firms

      financial tech

    7. faster pace of technological diffusion across firms and countrie

      acknowledging inequalities

    8. Global growth could also benefit from a prolonged period of accelerated technological change, which may, over time, become a positive side-effect of the pandemic. Many corporations were forced to innovate in order to survive the initial pandemic shock, rapidly adopting new digital technologies and shifting some of their business activities online. If sustained, the acceleration of digitalization brought on by the pandemic could contribute to faster productivity growth (Hallward-Driemeier et al. 2020; IMF 2021a; Mischke et al. 2021). The installation of new productive capital such as telecom-munications equipment could contribute to a rise in total factor productivity, in contrast to the declines experienced after some past global recession

      Again about how digital tech could drive productivity growth.

    9. continued rapid adoption of digital technologies could help sustain a more robust global economic recovery than projected.

      digital tech and global economic recovery

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  6. Apr 2021
    1. Mobileye is developing two completely independent self-driving systems—one driven by cameras and the other by a combination of lidar and radar. Once each of these systems has achieved a high level of performance separately, Mobileye will combine them into a single system. Mobileye believes this extra layer of redundancy will give the company higher confidence in the safety of its systems

      new approach to developing self-driving tech

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    1. Yet doom-mongers struggle to point to actual evidence of accelerating automation.

      Little evidence that there is an accelerated automation of work (including in the pandemic context).

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