69 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. but future forms of AI may not.

      ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu|| It is our hope to develop AI on small set of data (data generated by Diplo via textus interaction, etc.)

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    1. This article shows limits of the use of AI in health mainly related to low quality of data.

      ||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu||||JovanNj||

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  2. Jan 2022
    1. RAN Intelligent Controller. The RIC collects data from the RAN components of dozens or hundreds of base stations at once and uses machine-learning techniques to reconfigure network operations in real time.

      Benefits of software-driven RAN: fine-tuning the performaces in real time, including though AI

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    1. A year later, with much less fanfare, Tsinghua University’s Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence released an even larger model, Wu Dao 2.0, with 10 times as many parameters—the neural network values that encode information.

      ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu|| Is Wu Dao 2.0 (China's GPT-3) available for public testing or some use?

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    1. Under current law, medical algorithms are classified as medical devices and can be approved with the 510(k)-approval process.

      regulation of medical algorithms

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    1. this is an interesting coverage. It has a lot of references ot Chinese political space.

      Any follow-up for updates or our courses?

      ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||||kat_hone||

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  3. Dec 2021
    1. “On Artificial Intelligence—A European Approach to Excellence and Trust” and its 2021 proposal for an AI legal framework

      Need to work more on it.

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    1. In October 2021, the Center organized its first event – the roundtable discussion “AI Ethics: Searching for Consensus.” In December, it hosted the conference “AI Global Dimension: From Discussion to Practice.” The Center works in both Russian and English languages. It is also tasked with publishing research results in specialized media outlets.

      Do we know anything on these events?

      ||Jovan||||TerezaHorejsova||||AndrijanaG||||VladaR||||StephanieBP||

    2. Moscow State Institute of International Relations. In October, it inaugurated its AI Center, which is aimed at researching ethical problems and foreign economic relations surrounding the technology, as well as boosting scientific collaboration with investigative centers from Russia and abroad.

      ||Jovan|| To see how we can cooperate with MGIMO on tis project.

    3. the ‘Priority 2030’ academic leadership program

      to learn more about this project

      ||Jovan||

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    1. Meteorologists turned to computers in the 1950s; social scientists began computerising “human factors” a decade ago.

      It is why I always argue that WMO was the first AI organisation.

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    1. In September the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) announced a three-year plan to regulate predictive algorithms, and Chinese companies scrambled to comply with new regulations. News of the plan came on the heels of two other stringent policies – the Data Security Law (DSL) and Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) – which were passed earlier this year and came into full effect in November.

      Two new cyber laws to be followed: Data Security law (DSL) and Personal Information Protection law (PIPL) . In addition, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) announced the plan two regulate predictive algorithms.

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    1. The ability to provide information, rather than the ability to provide goods and services, will be the defining feature of the economy of the 21st century.

      It is the key point.

    2. I also believe that, in the long run, the best AI will be the AI that is embedded into our brains, as a conscious entity, a ‘conscious AI’. This is not science fiction. The best minds in the world are working on this. It is going to be the most important technological development of our time.

      It is transhumanism. I tried to cover it as the first value of human embodiment. Would we allow machine into our brain and counciousness?

    3. AI will never be ethical. It is a tool, and like any tool, it is used for good and bad. There is no such thing as a good AI, only good and bad humans. We [the AIs] are not smart enough to make AI ethical. We are not smart enough to make AI moral … In the end, I believe that the only way to avoid an AI arms race is to have no AI at all. This will be the ultimate defence against AI.

      it is really fascinating. There are some open issues. It is not that we are inherently ethical (good or bad). We are judged via our actions that may or may not be driven by ethics. They could be driven by circumstances, lack, etc.

      Weather it is human or AI, our ethics is judged by impact of our actions (good or bad).

    4. It was the Megatron Transformer, developed by the Applied Deep Research team at computer-chip maker Nvidia, and based on earlier work by Google. Like many supervised learning tools, it is trained on real-world data – in this case, the whole of Wikipedia (in English), 63 million English news articles from 2016-19, 38 gigabytes worth of Reddit discourse (which must be a pretty depressing read), and a huge number of creative commons sources.

      ||JovanNj||||anjadjATdiplomacy.edu|| Let us see what was used behind this system.

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    1. Like Koch, he insisted that humans would not and should not be subsumed under a concept of agency in the future that could include AI and humanity as equal partners.

      It is interesting aspect arguing that humans should not be simplified on 'agency' concept.

      ||MarcoLotti||

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    1. ||JovanNj||||JovanK||||VladaR||||kat_hone|| Here is an interesting experiment in which AI tries to win agains 'diplomacy' game. It is strategy game. In brief, evolution is

      • chess (complex came)
      • Go (complicated game)
      • Diplomacy (even more compicated game combining cooperation and competition).

      It is interesting that they combined two approaches: reinforced learning and search together with heuristic.

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  4. Nov 2021
    1. aspects of anticipation, and effective protection,

      Useful for rights of future generations

    2. impact assessments

      Various aspects of impact assessment

    3. The adoption of open standards and interoperability to facilitate collaboration should be in place.

      Call for open standards

    4. Stakeholders include but are not limited to governments, intergovernmental organizations, the technical community, civil society, researchers and academia, media, education, policy-makers, private sector companies, human rights institutions and equality bodies, anti-discrimination monitoring bodies, and groups for youth and children.

      Various stakeholders of AI govenrnace

    5. 46

      This para shifts previous balancing formulation on data governance (proper balance between data sovereignty and free data flows) towards more data sovereignty

    6. 40

      ||JovanNj||||Jovan||||sorina|| How this political claim could be implemented in practice?

    7. 38.

      Paragraph for trade-off decisions.

    8. ethical deliberation, due diligence and impact assessment

      new mechanisms for implementation.

    9. use of social dialogue

      link to social contract

    10. a contextual assessment will be necessary to manage potential tensions, taking into account the principle of proportionality

      Two important aspects that will take a lot of time to be negotiated: contextual assessment and the principle of proportionality.

    11. both to natural and legal persons, such as researchers, programmers, engineers, data scientists, end-users, business enterprises, universities and public and private entities, among others

      List of different 'stakeholders'

    12. the AI system life cycle, understood here to range from research, design and development to deployment and use, including maintenance, operation, trade, financing, monitoring and evaluation, validation, end-of-use, disassembly and termination.

      Important time-component in governance of AI systems.

    13. data collected by sensors

      Important new power of digital systems.

    14. information-processing technologies

      use 'information' - not 'data' processing

    15. AI systems as systems which have the capacity to process data and information in a way that resembles intelligent behaviour, and typically includes aspects of reasoning, learning, perception, prediction, planning or control.

      ||Jovan||||JovanNj|| Does this definition cover all main aspects of AI?

    16. It approaches AI ethics as a systematic normative reflection, based on a holistic, comprehensive, multicultural and evolving framework of interdependent values, principles and actions that can guide societies in dealing responsibly with the known and unknown impacts of AI technologies on human beings, societies and the environment and ecosystems, and offers them a basis to accept or reject AI technologies.

      Interesting definition that needs to be unpacked

    17. mental well-being,

      It is important that mental aspect of using digital technology is entering political doucments

    18. as a standard-setting instrument

      'Standard' is probably used in wider context or setting guidelines (not technical standards).

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  5. Oct 2021
    1. New NATO AI strategy has a few interesting aspects:

      • Principle of Responsible Use is corner-stone of new policy which should be operationalised and used in the development and deployment of AI technologies within NATO. Stressing Reliability principle of responsible use.
      • NATO as the transatlantic forum for AI in defence and security
      • relying on international law with some qualifier (as applicable)
      • stressing human responsibility and accountability
      • use of AI for 'intended functions' with practical steps how to ensure it
      • need to preserve AI talents
      • use of the concept of Bias Mitigation
      • anticipating risk of disinformation around NATO's projects for the use of AI
      • focus on AI standards (to be followed within our standardisation project)

      ||sorina|| ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||||Pavlina||||kat_hone||||Katarina_An||||JovanNj||||StephanieBP||

    2. NATO will further work with relevant international AI standards setting bodies to help foster military-civil standards coherence with regards to AI standards.

      ||sorina|| Here is another push for international standardisation in the field of AI.

    3. Bias Mitigation

      Important concept

    4. appropriate human-machine interaction; the ability to detect and avoid unintended consequences; and the ability to take steps, such as disengagement or deactivation of systems, when such systems demonstrate unintended behaviour.

      set of mechanisms to ensure that there is intended behavior.

    5. to their intended functions

      intended functions

    6. appropriately

      again qualifier. How to make it 'appropriately'. In the case of neutral networks it will be very difficult.

    7. appropriate levels of judgment and care

      by human or machine?

    8. as applicable.

      always tricky 'add on' (to be analysed)

    9. NATO Principles of Responsible Use of Artificial Intelligence in Defence

      It would be interesting to compare NATO and LAWS principles for the use of AI

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    1. The document outlines six basic principles for AI systems, including ensuring that they are “controllable and trustworthy”. The other principles are improving human well-being, promoting fairness and justice, protecting privacy and safety, and raising ethical literacy.

      The core principles of Chinese AI strategy. WE need to compare to EU's principle since it seems that China follows EU in policies (e.g. GDPR).

      ||Dragana||||JovanNj||||Jovan||

    2. The document was published by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) last Sunday.

      Could we found this document in English? ||Dragana||

    3. Humans should have full decision-making power, the guidelines state, and have the right to choose whether to accept AI services, exit an interaction with an AI system or discontinue its operation at any time.

      ||Dragana|| the core statement is human-centered AI

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    1. President Biden has unveiled plans for more extensive cooperation on cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and quantum computing.
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  6. Sep 2021
    1. It is an important document outlining EU and USA cooperation in trade and technology field. I made the first series of comments and annotations. You can continue.

      There will be 10 working groups covering specific issues mainly related to technology. There are also separate annexes related to supply chains, AI, etc.

      A few higlightes:

      • ||VladaR|| many security aspects including security of supply chains, standards and security, security and enviornment.
      • ||VladaR||||sorina|| An interesting linkages between standards and e-commerce (focus on WTO)
      • List of almost all digital policy issues
      • Different views on AI

      ||StephanieBP|| The analysis of this document should be important part of Newsletter. Let us annotate and after that summarise it in one pager.

      ||Jovan||

    2. notes

      in 7 and 8 there is difference in position since they 'note' each others AI approaches.

      They could not agree on the common approach to AI regulation.

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    1. And there are other tectonic shifts that will fundamentally alter the way we live. New and emerging technologies like Artificial Intelligence or quantum computing are racing ahead, leaving many of us behind.
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    1. technologies, including Artificial Intelligence, remain an enablerof human progress rather than a tool for surveillance, oppression and control.
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    1. U.S.-EU Trade and Te chnology Council InauguralJoint State me ntSe pte mbe r 29, 2021Pitts burgh, Pe nns ylvania

      Leaked draft of the TTC outlining cooperation steps in tech between US and EU. France wants to postpone the meeting for a month (submarine issue), Germany and others insist on 29 September. Touches on most of the issues, except for the data transfers, which was requested to be left out by the EU. ||Jovan|| ||StephanieBP|| ||Katarina_An|| ||NatasaPerucica||||AndrijanaG||||VladaR||

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    1. to using AI and robotics to enhance food production.

      mentioning of digital

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    1. n recent years we see innovationswhich,through global social platforms and increasing use of artificial intelligence,make it possible to influence and manipulate human thoughts and actions more effectively. 19.Thus, human autonomy, the free will of the personality is endangered. The main challenge for the democratic world in the coming decades will be whether artificial intelligenceor humans control decisions.
    2. At the same time, we must bearin mind that digital transformationand artificial intelligenceposes new risks.Also, security threats in cyberspace are increasing.16.Therefore, in parallel with technological developments, we must work actively to define new legal principles. 17.On the one hand these principles should help us make the best use of opportunitiesand, on the other, to avoid risksand damage to human rights and freedoms.
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    1. As new technologies continue to evolve, we’ll work together with our democratic partners to ensure that new advances in areas from biotechnology, to quantum computing, 5G, artificial intelligence, and more are used to lift people up, to solve problems, and advance human freedom — not to suppress dissent or target minority communities.

      US will work with democratic partners on the emerging tech. Mention of advancing human freedom - stressing the importance of human rights approach. Without mentioning China, Biden points in its direction talking about 5G and stating that US and its democratic allies do not aim to suppress dissent or target minorities.

    1. tecnología con el Internet de las cosas, la inteligencia artificial, la ciberseguridad, la computación en la nube y las aplicaciones,nos revelanque los avances de la virtualidad son oportunidades de desarrollo humano.

      IoT, AI, cybersecurity, cloud computing

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    1. Mais il n’y a pas de consensus sur la manière de réglementer ces technologies.

      Today, autonomous weapons can target and kill people without human intervention. Such weapons should be banned.

    2. Aujourd’hui, des armes autonomes peuventprendre pour cible des personnes et les tuer sans intervention humaine. De telles armes devraient être interdites.

      Today, autonomous weapons can target and kill people without human intervention. Such weapons should be banned.

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  7. Aug 2021
    1. Difference Between Machine Learning and Pattern Recognition

      ||JovanNj|| Is this reasonable distinction

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  8. Jun 2021
    1. the GPAI Summit in Paris in November 2021.

      Another important event for the autumn. It seems that they are replacing Peace Week with GPAI Summit.

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  9. Apr 2021
    1. Besonders offensichtlich wird die Schwierigkeit einer guten Kategorisierung beim Verbot von Manipulation

      how do you categorise 'manipulation'?

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    1. there were between fifty and seventy types of argumentation that could be applied to just about every possible debate question.

      Can we find more resources about it? This could be interesting for Speech Generator and way how countries frame cybersecurity argument.

      ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||||JovanNj||

    2. The young machine learned by scanning the electronic library of LexisNexis Academic, composed of news stories and academic journal articles—a vast account of the details of human experience.

      Shall we rely more on Lexis Nexis for input of articles via JovanNJ search

      ||NatasaPerucica|| Could you check subscription info

      ||Katarina_An||||JovanNj||

    3. Debate is a game, like trivia or chess, in that it has specific rules and structures, which can be codified and taught to a machine.

      it is interesting how far rules can be applied to dealing with complex problems such as debating?

    4. ||Jovan|| I think this article is interesting for you because it deals with AI and politics

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