31 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. Apr 2022
    1. The United States tends to follow a market-driven approach: companies form standards of their own volition and through their own partnerships, with little government attention. By contrast, the European Union and its member governments are more involved in the process.27And in China, most standard setting is government-led, and companies and academic entities receive state support for participation in international standardization.2

      Three approaches to standardisation processes.

    2. ETSI, Japan’s Association of Radio Industries and Businesses (ARIB) and Telecommunication Technology Committee (TTC), China Communications Standards Association (CCSA), Telecommunications Standards Development Society, India (TSDSI), South Korea’s Telecommunications Technology Association (TTA), and the Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions (ATIS) of the United States together formed the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) in 1998.

      How is 3GPP established in 1998.

    3. entralization allows it to take advantage of that voice, ensuring coordination among its commercial, academic, and government entities—both in developing standards (

      Important aspect of China's standardisation process.

    4. a framework blockchain standard project.

      ||sorina|| Do we have anything on this proposal?

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  3. Mar 2022
  4. Feb 2022
    1. the Federal Ministry of Economics and Climate Action has a more cooperative approach toward the PRC than the Ministry of Interior, which views China increasingly through the lens of a hybrid threat.

      ||sorina||||TerezaHorejsova|| This provides an explanation why this ministry was initially 'worried' about our study as they thought that it was 'China bashing'

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  5. Jan 2022
    1. released version 1.0 of its technical specification for digital provenance

      New industry standard for digital provenance of content. Can help address deepfakes.

    2. the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA)

      Another industry consortia working on standards and specifications: C2PA focused on content provenance and authenticity.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. ||sorina|| Matter is becoming connectivity standard for IoT. They aim to solve a problem that, in particular, IoT devices cannot communciate to each other due to the lack of connectivity.

      We may follow-up on this standard development.

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. ||sorina|| China's 'Standard 2035' as outlined in the National Standardization Development (NSD) document has a few interesting angle:

      • anchoring standardisation development into green/sustainable agenda
      • influence on internatoinal standar develoment

      Sorina, is this article objective in coverage?

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. In 2016, as the standards were being sorted out for 5G, a clash emerged in trying to decide what error-correcting technique would be used for wireless signals. Qualcomm, based in San Diego, and other companies pushed for low-density parity checks (LDPC), which had been first described decades earlier but had yet to materialize commercially. Huawei, backed by other Chinese companies, pushed for a new technique in which it had invested a significant amount of time and energy that it called polar codes. A deadlock at the 3GPP meeting that November resulted in a split standard: LDPC would be used for radio channels that send user data and polar codes for channels that coordinated those user-data channels.

      This is an example of split in standardisation policy.

      ||VladaR||||sorina||

    2. As one example, equipment manufacturers (such as China's Huawei and ZTE) will probably push for standards that prioritize the distance a signal can travel, while minimizing the interference it experiences along the way. Meanwhile, device makers (like U.S. heavyweights Apple and Alphabet) will have more stake in standardizing signal modulations that drain their gadgets' batteries the least.

      Different positions on standardisation around 6G

      ||VladaR||||sorina||

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. the U.S. government passed a sweeping cybersecurity bill called the Internet of Things Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2020 at the very tail end of that year.

      ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG|| Any follow-up on it?

    2. LoRa (short for “Long-Range, Low-Power”) seems to be winning out.

      ||sorina|| LoRa ('Long-Range, Low-Power') is becoming wirless standard for IoT

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  6. Dec 2021
    1. Standards will follow, as a benchmark, the Blue Dot Network, an initiative launched by the United States, Australia, and Japan in 2019 to provide evaluation and certification criteria for infrastructure projects for development.

      Centrality of standards and certification initiatives

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. to promote interoperability—ie, no closed systems—as well as common standards.

      Push for open standards and interoperability

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  7. Nov 2021
    1. The adoption of open standards and interoperability to facilitate collaboration should be in place.

      Call for open standards

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  8. Sep 2021
    1. It is an important document outlining EU and USA cooperation in trade and technology field. I made the first series of comments and annotations. You can continue.

      There will be 10 working groups covering specific issues mainly related to technology. There are also separate annexes related to supply chains, AI, etc.

      A few higlightes:

      • ||VladaR|| many security aspects including security of supply chains, standards and security, security and enviornment.
      • ||VladaR||||sorina|| An interesting linkages between standards and e-commerce (focus on WTO)
      • List of almost all digital policy issues
      • Different views on AI

      ||StephanieBP|| The analysis of this document should be important part of Newsletter. Let us annotate and after that summarise it in one pager.

      ||Jovan||

    2. The Technology Standards working group is tasked to develop approaches for coordination and cooperation in critical and emerging technology standards including AI and other emerging technologies.

      Standardisation cooperation.

      ||sorina||

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. the us administration has come up with the idea to convene a summit for democracy it goes without saying that washington is going to choose the participants by itself thus hijacking the right to decide to what degree a country meets the standards of democracy
    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. This is a good example of linking standards to individuals and environment.

      People can understand why standards matter if we relate to their experience of trying to find right cable to charge their mobiles or computers.

      There is a strong environmental narratives around this issue.

      Thus, we can follow it on a various levels:

      • education/training: explaining to people why IG and standardisation matters by giving an example that they can 'touch'
      • digital and environment (reducing waste)
      • importance of Brussels for digital politics - if they force Apple to change behaviour, they will have to do it.

      ||Jovan||

    2. Around half of chargers sold with mobile phones in the European Union in 2018 had a USB micro-B connector, while 29% had a USB C connector and 21% a Lightning connector, a Commission impact assessment study in 2019 found.

      Interesting survey of connectors

    3. Apple has warned such a move would harm innovation.

      Why

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. U.S.-EU Trade and Te chnology Council InauguralJoint State me ntSe pte mbe r 29, 2021Pitts burgh, Pe nns ylvania

      Leaked draft of the TTC outlining cooperation steps in tech between US and EU. France wants to postpone the meeting for a month (submarine issue), Germany and others insist on 29 September. Touches on most of the issues, except for the data transfers, which was requested to be left out by the EU. ||Jovan|| ||StephanieBP|| ||Katarina_An|| ||NatasaPerucica||||AndrijanaG||||VladaR||

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

    1. Atthe recentTallinn Digital Summit we discussed how to utilise trust, transparency, and the free flow of data to make large-scale, cross-border infrastructure investments trustworthy. Collective concern of governments and international organizations demonstrated the need for a shared framework to underpin our cooperation —Trusted Connectivity. This framework articulates the common vocabulary, interest, values, principles, and standards necessary for us to safeguard democracy and to ensure democratic countries respond to the global demand for physical and digital infrastructure by offering a higher-quality, higher-standard alternative to thoseconnectivity providers who do not share our love of free societies

      digital summit

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL

  9. Jun 2021
    1. the Framework for G7 Collaboration on Digital Technical Standards.

      ||sorina|| to follow-up on this development

    2. with regards to engagement with and appointments to Standard Developing Organisations, where appropriate.

      Direct call for appointements.

      ||sorina||

    3. for industry-led inclusive multi-stakeholder approaches to standard setting, in line with our values and principles which underpin these standards

      ||sorina||||Pavlina||

    4. We recognise that this will need a set of common standards for travel including interoperability and mutual recognition of digital applications,  testing requirements, recognition of vaccination status including exemptions and comparable criteria for when responsive measures may be required.

      Standardisation process in post-COVID issues.

      ||sorina||

    Created with Sketch. Visit annotations in context

    Created with Sketch. Tags

    Created with Sketch. Annotators

    Created with Sketch. URL