63 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Facebook has warned that it may pull out of Europe if the Irish data protection commissioner enforces a ban on sharing data with the US,

      WE have to analyse this sentence since it is the key aspect of digital policy. Could you follow-up

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  2. Oct 2020
  3. Sep 2020
    1. EU's Digital Services Act (DSA) is getting contour from EU commissioner Thierry Breton in the interview with Financial Times. The main elements are:

      1. tech companies with monopolistic power could be:
      • forced to break up or sell of their European operators ('TikTok clause);
      • exclude large tech companies from the EU market.
      1. introduction of a rating system for allow the public and stakeholders to control behaviour of tech companies (tax compliance, content control).

      2. EU will remain with limited liability of tech platforms for content (stay with Section 230 logic).

      Mr. Breton compares tech companies to big banks before the financial crisis 2008. Thus, one can expect that EU's tech policy will be inspired via analogy to the regulation of financial sector.

      ||StephanieBP|| ||Jovan||

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    1. we hold in common

      The key EU principles fortified by the pandemic

    2. a negotiating partner, an economic competitor and a systemic rival.

      Very rich yet succinct statement about EU-China relations. It would be interesting to unpack what each of these elements mean. ||Jovan|| ||VladaR||

    3. There has never been a better time to invest in European tech companies with new digital hubs growing everywhere from Sofia to Lisbon to Katowice.  We have the people, the ideas and the strength as a Union to succeed. And this is why we will invest 20% of NextGenerationEU on digital. We want to lead the way, the European way, to the Digital Age: based on our values, our strength, our global ambitions.

      Creating European champions, with European values justifying increase in funding.

    4. Europe's digital sovereignty

      Keep note and cf. with other ideas (ex. data sovereignty). ||MariliaM||

    5. And it is why we will build a European cloud as part of NextGenerationEU - based on GaiaX.

      What will this mean, in practice? Look for information ||MariliaM||

    6. And this is why we need to secure this data for Europe and make it widely accessible. 

      Interesting that EU is speaking about securing industrial data for the benefit of Europe. Until recently, this was mostly a developing country issue (re. the African group talking about digital industrial development). ||Jovan||

    7. Here are digital higlights from the State of the Union 2020 address by the EU Commission President von der Leyen:

      • reference to a new European Bauhaus combining work of architects, artists, students, engineers, designers.
      • link between digital technology and healthier/greener society (increasing triangle: digital - health - environment)
      • relevance of standards for EU policy
      • shift of focus from personal to industrial data. Interesting enough the biggest digital manufacturing platfrom globally is Siemens.
      • develop European cloud around GaiaX
      • focus on artificial intelligence
      • next year - EU rules on AI
      • e-identity
      • infrastructure: broadband, 5G, 6G and fiber.
      • achieving Europe's digital sovereignty
      • investment of 8 billion euros in the next generation of supercomputers.
      • next-gneration microprocessor
      • Europe's Digital Decade
      • 20% investment on digital
      • digital taxation: if there is no agreement in OECD an G20, Europe will introduce digital taxation rules early next year.

      ||StephanieBP||||Jovan||||AndrijanaG|| ||djordjej||

    8. to lead reforms of the WTO and WHO so they are fit for today's world. 

      Relevant for Geneva

    9. It is not about Europe First.

      This won't make Trump happy.

    10. This cannot happen with industrial data. And here the good news is that Europe is in the lead - we have the technology, and crucially we have the industry.

      EU is shifting from consumer to industrial data.

    11. who are setting these standards for us.

      Focus on standards.

    12. the right to privacy and connectivity, freedom of speech, free flow of data and cybersecurity.

      EU's digital policy priorities

    13. we use digital technologies to build a healthier, greener society.

      It is link between digital and environment that we should explore more.

    14. We have the vision, we have the plan, we have the investment.

      New EU trinity

    15. from this fragility towards a new vitality

      New slogan for EU

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    1. This article warns against the risk that new EU's Digital Service Act (DS), which is currently in public consultations, may lead turn well-intentioned policies to protect users into unintentional disruption of the Internet 's technical operations.

      It can happen if EU DSA lets content policy be addressed on the level of Internet infrastructure (IP numbers and domain names).

      Article describes EU DSA as equivalent of Article 230 of USA DCA. Reflecting similar discussion in the USA, the article warns about two main aspects:

      • right and responsibility of Internet intermediaries to remove content (Good Samaritan clause);
      • lack of clear definitions of terms such as 'harmful content' and 'dis/misinformation'.
    2. the European Union’s Digital Services Act (DSA)

      EU's Digital Service Act (DSA) is gaining momentum.

      ||StephanieBP||

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    1. Companies relying on SCCs will have to begin the case-by-case assessments of their transfers to determine whether the protections in the U.S. or any country without an adequacy determination meet EU standards in the context of the specific transfer.

      To continue the concept that I've outlined in the page note, this doesn't mean anything to me as a webmaster and as a business owner. What exactly do I need to do/implement? Should I remove the Google services or are some of them ok, can I host my website in the US, what happens if I'm using Cloudflare etc...

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  4. Aug 2020
    1. Apple is facing active antitrust inquiries in both the US and EU over its app store policies, particularly the flat 30 percent cut the company collects for fees paid through the store. Last month, Cicilline told The Verge that the fees Apple charges equate to “highway robbery.

      Issue with Apple (US & EU investigations): sellers have to pay 30% of their fees to the iStore, which amounts to daylight robbery

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    1. But unless we’re very careful, AI systems won’t see that - they’ll just learn about the world as it is, with all its unfairness and inequality, not the world as we want it to be. And they’ll dedicate their intelligence to reproducing the past, not to creating a brighter future

      Principle of garbage in, garbage out. Inequalities and all.

    2. For instance, the BigMedilytics project – which is funded by the EU – has used AI to improve the treatment of some of the 15 million Europeans who live with heart failure

      AI for health

    3. The world’s data centres already account for as much carbon as flying does. And since the importance of data will only grow, we need to be willing to take decisive action, to deal with its effects on our climate and our environment.

      Data centres' carbon emissions as high as air travel

    4. Agricultural machinery can use AI to cut the use of pesticides, so farmers can produce more, with less effect on the environment

      Digital technology and agriculture

    5. digital technology can help us become the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050. Smart electricity grids can help to smooth the transition to renewable energy, by allowing us to adjust the electricity we use to what we produce, not the other way round

      Digital technology and climate

    6. we’ll soon find that our governments are stripped of the resources that fund the services we all rely on. And we’ll see digital businesses push aside their offline rivals, not by offering a better service, but just because they don’t pay tax

      Why should companies pay tax? Because tax funds the services we rely on, and because companies which don't pay tax will push aside their offline rivals (< latter is slippery argument)

    7. digitisation must never be an excuse for companies to turn their backs on those workers, and deny them the security and the decent conditions they deserve. So we need to make sure that companies can’t escape their obligations to their staff, just by putting a platform between employers and workers

      Clearly against sharing economy platforms which seek to classify their workers as independent contractors

    8. divide, in the way that some tech companies seem to expect an exemption from the duties that bind our society together – paying tax, for example, or respecting workers’ rights.

      Another type of divide: between companies who know what their responsibilities are, and those who want to be exempted from 'duties that bind our society together', ex paying tax, respecting workers' rights... ||Jovan||

    1. a study by Roland Berger f

      useful data resource on investment in AI

      ||Jovan|| ||djordjej|| ||Katarina_An||

    2. ‘cybercolonies’

      Interesting terminology for the EU as a 'third world entity' in the digital world. This also links to the MIT article on AI colonialism.

      ||Jovan||

    3. In the German case, the focus on European – specifically, Franco-German – cooperation, appears to be a goal in itself, or the default idea. The French strategy, in contrast, adopts a more pragmatic approach – supporting European cooperation only in areas in which the strategy’s authors consider it to be useful.

      On German and French national AI strategies (different perceptions of the EU approach)

      ||sorina|| ||sorina.teleanu||

    4. There are several reasons one cannot just ‘take the EU’s word for it’

      On EU's approach to AI and why there can never really be a 'single EU' position on AI (EU institutional structure, use of AI in the military sector...) ||Jovan|| ||sorina||

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  5. Jul 2020
    1. An interesting coverage with anti-China tilt but realistic summary of the situation. It clearly shows that the next digital between China and USA will be happening in Europe and 'swing countries' (India, Indonesia, etc.). It will be interesting to monitor situation in Africa and Latin America. One of the main indicators will be:

      • number of Huawei contracts
      • use of Chinese apps such as TikTok
      • penetration of Alibaba e-commerce business
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  6. Jun 2020
    1. to attract the storage and processing of data from other countries and regions

      Which countries and regions is it aiming for? Africa? (Not Asia, not USA, not Russia...)

    2. free and safe flow of data should be ensured with third countries, subject to exceptions and restrictions for public security, public order and other legitimate public policy objectives of the European Union, in line with international obligations. This would allow the EU to have an open but assertive international data approach based on its values and strategic interests

      Legalese. And again: the EU will have 'an open but assertive international data approach based on its values and strategic interests'

    3. European companies operating in some third countries are increasingly faced with unjustified barriers and digital restrictions

      Is this directed at China?

    4. open, but assertive approach to international data flows, based on European values

      Open but assertive, based on European values.

      Dear USA, the data of EU citizens will now be in Europe. Or so we hope. We may allow the flow of data your way, but you will have to respect our laws, including GDPR. We will put our put down once we have our common spaces in place. Yours, the EU

    5. Common European data spaces in strategic sectors and domains of public interest

      Pillar 4: The 9 + 1 common data spaces

    6. Competences: Empowering individuals, investing in skills and in SMEs

      Pillar 3: Public awareness + improvements to the right to data portability (either updating GDPR s.20, or via new Data Act 2021)

    7. Enablers: Investments in data and strengthening Europe’s capabilities and infrastructures for hosting, processing and using data, interoperability

      Pillar 2: Investment for a High Impact Project on European data spaces and federated cloud infrastructures. Essentially, to create the infrastructure so that data stays/is hosted in Europe

    8. A cross-sectoral governance framework for data access and use

      Pillar 1: Data governance:

      • It will develop a framework for the 9 + 1 common data spaces, by end 2020
      • It will adopt an Implementing act on high-value sets (HVD), by Q1 2021
      • Develop a Data Act 2021 for cross-sectoral data-sharing (ex B2G) Plus, potential ex ante legislation on platforms & data; and jurisdictional measures to protect EU companies from being subject to jurisdictional claims from other countries
    9. APPENDIX to the Communication ‘A European strategy for data’

      The 9 + 1 common data spaces

    10. Artificial Intelligence

      AI is mentioned so many times. No wonder the Data Strategy was published alongside the AI white paper

    11. such as data protection rules

      ie, US Cloud Act could be seen as not as strict as GDPR. CHECK

    12. Data governance

      Not much is said here

    13. single European data space – a genuine single market for data, open to data from across the world – where personal as well as non-personal data, including sensitive business data, are secure and businesses also have easy access to an almost infinite amount of high-quality industrial data

      Concept of European data space (a genuine single market for data, open to data from across the world). Data in, but not data out. That is, data of European citizens kept within EU, rather than continuing to seep through EU's space towards USA.

    14. digital diplomacy

      What does digital diplomacy mean here?

    15. In the US, the organisation of the data space is left to the private sector, with considerable concentration effects. China has a combination of government surveillance with a strong control of Big Tech companies over massive amounts of data without sufficient safeguards for individuals. In order to release Europe’s potential we have to find our European way, balancing the flow and wide use of data, while preserving high privacy, security, safety and ethical standards.

      EU is positioning itself as a more balanced approach to the USA (private sector-led) and China (government-led)

    16. Data will also fuel the wide implementation of transformative practices such as the use of digital twins in manufacturing.

      Concept of digital twins. Used in manufacturing

    17. Data is the lifeblood of economic development

      New analogy

    18. data strategy is presented at the same time as the Commission’s Communication on “Shaping Europe’s digital future” and a White Paper on artificial intelligenc

      The three documents launched in February 2020

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    1. While Agustin Reyna of the European Consumer Organisation, BEUC, said that this was an impossible distinction to make, Facebook’s Director of Social and Economic Policy, EU Affairs, Phillip Malloch, said the lines between personal and non-personal data should be straightforward to draw

      They speak at approx 1:26:00 at https://www.pscp.tv/w/1YqGoRqNnjvKv

      Facebook's Malloch did not really substantiate. He referred to FB's Data Transfer project on data portability to show that FB is making the portability of personal data possible. Re data strategy, the GDPR's definition of personal data is more or less fine.

      Reyna from BEUC said in practice, many datasets include both personal and non-personal data, so it is very difficult to distinguish. The European Commission's approach to mixed data within a dataset is to treat the whole set as personal data, with full application of the GDPR.

      Also he says: The industry often says that consent is the main basis that they have to follow re GDPR. In reality, the private sector also needs to look at the principles underlying the GDPR (ex privacy by design & default, etc) as these are what define the scope under which data can be collected and processed.

      ||Jovan||

    2. Data Governance Act will be presented after the summer

      On the radar for autumn, and for our mid-year predictions ||Jovan||

    3. non-personal data (which the EU wants to liberalise) and personal data (ring-fenced by high data protection laws) can be distinguished from one another.

      Data taxonomy: the two broad categories of data ||Jovan||

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    1. The draft programme seen by EURACTIV Germany focuses on the major challenges of our time: climate change, digitisation, and the coronavirus.

      Draft programme of Germany for European Council presidency is = climate change, covid, AND digitalisation ||StephanieBP||

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    1. An interesting study on EU's Digital Service Act in short (2021), medium (2025) and long-term (2030) perspectives. It wouldl be worth annotating in more details.

      ||sorina||||StephanieBP||||AndrijanaG||||VladaR||

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    1. EU is working on new competition 'tool' to address digital antitrust and merger cases which fall short of infringements. First step will be to define criteria for what constitutes 'tipping market'.

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    1. The EU's planned Digital Services bill — to be unveiled in detail by December

      ||StephanieBP|| to follow developments on Digital Service bill.

      ||sorina|| it will be interesting to follow interplay with AI policies (will Digital Service bill address AI as well)

    2. Vestager on Sunday said the EU's societal concept differed "in part markedly" from how the internet was handled in the United States and China.

      Continuation of EU's 'third way' to digital policy.

      ||StephanieBP|| ||AndrijanaG|| ||VladaR|| ||NatasaPerucica||

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    1. In May 2016 the European Union (EU) agreed to a “Code of Conduct” with Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube to counter online hate speech.

      Do we have this document?

      ||Katarina_An||

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  7. May 2020
    1. the European Union’s publication in March 2019 of EU-China: A Strategic Outlook, among others

      Need to check technological aspect of EU-China policy.

      ||NatasaPerucica||

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