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  1. Mar 2021
    1. States concludedthat there are potentially devastating security, economic, social and humanitarian consequences of malicious ICT activitieson critical infrastructure (CI) and critical information infrastructure (CII) supporting essential services to the public. While it is each State’s prerogative to determine which infrastructures it designates ascritical, such infrastructure may include medical facilities,

      While the applicability of humanitarian law is not included in the final report, there are several references to humanitarian aspects of malicious activities - CI including medical facilities, recognising humanitarian consequences.

    2. The OEWG welcomes the high level of participation of women delegates in its sessions and the prominence of gender perspectives in its discussions.

      Gender balance in cybersecurity was one of the discussion topics during the 3rd substantial OEWG session. Increased participation of women was specifically recognised. Gender balance is also reflected in capacity building section below.

    3. Malicious ICT activitiesagainst CIand CII that undermine trust and confidence in political and electoral processes, public institutions,or that impact the general availability or integrity of the Internet, are also a real and growing concern

      While the principle of the state sovereignty did not make it into the final report, the text now includes recognition of malicious activities undermining political and electoral processes, and public institutions the essential elements of state sovereignty.

      The recognition of public core of internet has not been included, but the general availability and integrity of internet moves the needle closer to the possible recognition.

      Both of these changes reflect the discussions in the 3rd substantial OEWG session and mirror the careful balance between the requests of delegations.

    4. Conclusions and recommendations

      In addition to the conclusions and recommendations, the discussion section of the draft is now included in Chair's Summary - meant to be a rich resource of issues to be discussed in the future.

    5. high level of participation of women delegates

      Gender balance in cybersecurity was one of the discussion topics during the 3rd substantial OEWG session. Increased participation of women was specifically recognised. Gender balance is also reflected in capacity building section below.

    6. Building on this foundationand reaffirming this framework,

      The states reaffirmed the acquis of previous GGE reports, THE achievement of the Final report.

    7. humanitarian consequences of malicious ICT activities

      The report references humanitarian impacts of malicious cyber activities in several instances, but does not recognise the applicability of international humanitarian law.

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