37 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2022
    1. the U.S. government passed a sweeping cybersecurity bill called the Internet of Things Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2020 at the very tail end of that year. The law is a more flexible and adaptable approach to cybersecurity than previous laws. Crucially, it requires the National Institute of Standards and Technology to establish best practices that other government agencies must then follow when purchasing IoT devices. The initial rules unveiled by NIST in 2021 include requiring an over-the-air update option for devices and unique device IDs. And while the law pertains only to devices purchased by the U.S. government, there’s little reason to suspect it won’t have ongoing and broad effects on the IoT industry. Companies will likely include NIST’s cybersecurity requirements in all of its devices, whether selling to the U.S. government or elsewhere.

      About US IoT cybersecurity improvement act 2020

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  2. Dec 2021
    1. in 2022, China and USA will compete for dominance of their system. Who will win will be decided by:

      • success or failure of China approach of 'Zero COVID' or western approach 'to live with COVID).
      • dealing with huge power of tech companies: will it be resolved by government intervention (China) or market solutions (emergence of new companies as it is hopped in the USA).
      • China is facing bigger challenges with failure of Evergrande, a huge real-estabe developer. The Economist argue that that the rise of China's GDP will shrink to 5% getting closer to raise of the USA GDP.

      As they fight for dominance of their respective economic and policy models, they may cooperate on issues such as trade and technology, cyber-security, clean-technology, etc.

      However, it is not very likely that they will cooperate given the local pressure ahead of the US elections and internal instabilities in China.

      However, a good news is that military confrontation between China and USA is not likely to happen in 2022.

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    1. A newly created Bureau of Cyberspace and Digital Policy will focus on international cyberspace security, digital policy and digital freedom. Meanwhile, the new special envoy for critical and emerging technology will cover topics such as artificial intelligence and quantum computing. Secretary of State Blinken announced these initiatives in a speech to the Foreign Service Institute, specifying that the leaders of both new structures will report to Deputy Secretary Wendy Sherman for their first year.

      New digital diplomacy structure at the US State Deparatement

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  3. Oct 2021
    1. In this article there is bias towards Pakistan. Discussion on India and USA is framed via India-Pakistan relations.

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    1. ||AndrijanaG||||VladaR||||Pavlina|| We should follow-up on this initiative which will involve 30 countries. Any additional infomration?

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  4. Sep 2021
    1. It is an important document outlining EU and USA cooperation in trade and technology field. I made the first series of comments and annotations. You can continue.

      There will be 10 working groups covering specific issues mainly related to technology. There are also separate annexes related to supply chains, AI, etc.

      A few higlightes:

      • ||VladaR|| many security aspects including security of supply chains, standards and security, security and enviornment.
      • ||VladaR||||sorina|| An interesting linkages between standards and e-commerce (focus on WTO)
      • List of almost all digital policy issues
      • Different views on AI

      ||StephanieBP|| The analysis of this document should be important part of Newsletter. Let us annotate and after that summarise it in one pager.

      ||Jovan||

    2. Secure Supply Chains:

      This could be of relevance for Geneva Dialogue and supply chains

      ||VladaR||||AndrijanaG||

    3. Climate and Clean Tech:

      This part is related to interplay between climate and tech.

      ||TerezaHorejsova||||Pavlina|| It is potentially relevant for the next Slovenia event and KAS study

    4. recognize the importance of international standardisation activities underpinned by core WTO principles.

      Close linkages between digital standards and trade policy (WTO)

    5. The Technology Standards working group is tasked to develop approaches for coordination and cooperation in critical and emerging technology standards including AI and other emerging technologies.

      Standardisation cooperation.

      ||sorina||

    6. We intend to cooperate on the development and deployment of new technologies in ways that reinforce our shared democratic values, including respect for universal human rights, advance our respective efforts to address the climate change crisis, and encourage compatible standards and regulations.

      Three areas of cooperation:

      • human rights
      • climate change
      • standards and regulations
    7. The United States and the European Union reaffirm the TTC’s objectives to: coordinate approaches to key global technology, economic, and trade issues; and to deepen transatlantic trade and economic relations, basing policies on shared democratic values.

      Objectives of cooperation

    1. The DPRK delegation avails itself of this opportunity to extend its full support and encouragement to the Cuban government and people who continue to move forward holding aloft the bannerof socialism in the face of the U.S. moves to impose illegal sanctions and blockade and to undermine Cuba from within.
    2. If the U.S. continues to commit such acts to threaten us as to provoking us to a quarrel more often than not and depending on the legacy of the cold war like the military alliance, it would really turn out to be unfavorable for them

      thinly veiled threat

    3. The U.S. has now twooptions. One is to contribute to the peace andstability of the Korean peninsula and the world by withdrawing the anachronistic hostile policy towards the DPRK in a bold and complete manner
    4. Annually, the U.S. spends astronomical amount of money amounting to more than US$ 700 billion on the development of ultra-supersonic weapons, long-range precision guided armaments, ICBM of a new generation, nuclear strategic bombers, all of which are bound to be used first against the DPRK in the future Korean war.
    5. On the earth, there is no country which is under constant threat of war like the DPRK, and so much strong is its people's desirefor peace. What we mean by the war deterrent is literally the righteous right to self-defense that can deter aggressive war and defend ourselves.As the whole world knows and as the U.S. is so much concerned, powerful offensive means are, of course, included in our war deterrent
    6. Not a single foreign troop, not a single foreign military base exists in the territory of the DPRK. But in south Korea, almost 30,000 U.S. troops are stationingat numerous military bases, maintaining a war posture to take military action against the DPRK at any moment.
    7. ntil now, no lessnumber of UN member states are not well aware of the fact that the issue of the Korean peninsula has its origin in the U.S. hostile policy on the DPRK. Worse still, they haveamisconception thatthe U.S. has become hostile towards the DPRK due to the nuclear issue.When it comes to the nuclear issue, it is not the DPRK's possession of nukes that the U.S. became hostile towards us.
    1. linked with a prospect of the russian-american dialogue on the future of arms control the start of which was agreed upon at the russian american summit in geneva where there is good will finding a mutually acceptable solution is very realistic the world was encouraged when the new u.s administration agreed to our proposal to extend the new strategic arms reduction treaty without any preconditions of great importance wasthe fact that the russian and u.s president's joint statement reaffirmed the commitment to the principle according to which there can be no winners in a nuclear war and one must never be fought
    2. talk of europe's strategic autonomy that has intensified after the us's hasty withdrawal from afghanistan the chaotic nature of this withdrawal is further demonstration of the rules upon which the west is going to build its world order we are convinced that it is time to draw lessons from the dangerous repercussions of policy aimed at undermining the u.n centric architecture that was shaped in the aftermath of world war ii and has repeatedly proven a reliable insurance against disastrous scenarios in the face of global challenges the world
    3. in the same vein of a rules-based order the u.s preserves the obsolete obsolete trade embargo against cuba and strives to impose its will on the peoples of venezuela and nicaragua in flagon violation of the charter-based principles of non-interference into internal affairs of sovereign states
    4. biden has recently announced the rejection of military methods used to as he put it remake other countries we expect the us to take one step further and reject any other methods of imposing their development model on others not only military ones the rules based order is founded on double standards when it serves the west's interests people's right to self-determination is an absolute in such cases an artificial created entity of kosovo earlier forcefully seized from a european country serbia is recognized as an independent state in violation of security council resolution without any referendums it doesn't without any referendums
    5. this initiative is quite in the spirit of a cold war as it declares a new ideological crusade against all dissenters it is noteworthy that this policy is being implemented against the backdrop of president biden's words at the u.s is not seeking a world divided into opposing blocs
    6. the us administration has come up with the idea to convene a summit for democracy it goes without saying that washington is going to choose the participants by itself thus hijacking the right to decide to what degree a country meets the standards of democracy
    1. From this platform, Iwant them all to know,the country that suffered the most, apart from Afghanistan, was Pakistan, when we joined the US War on Terror after 9/11.
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    1. The United Nations cannot ignorethe lessons learned inAfghanistan. It took two decades of occupation,a toll of thousands of deadly casualties, 10 million displaced and billions of dollars in costs –which turn into profits forthe military-industrial complex–to reach the conclusion that terrorism cannot be prevented or fought with bombs; that occupation only leads to destruction and that no country has the right to impose its will on sovereign nations. Afghanistan is not an isolated case. It became obvious that wherever the United States intervenes, instability, death and hardships increase, leaving behind long-lasting scars.
    2. For more than 60 years, the US government has not ceased for a single minute in its attacks against Cuba. However, at this crucial and challenging moment for all nations, its aggressiveness exceeds all limits. The most cruel and longest-lasting economic, commercial and financial blockade ever applied against any nation, has been opportunistically and criminally tightened during thepandemic;and the current democratic administration maintains unchanged the 243 coercive measures adopted by the Donald Trump administration, including Cuba’s inclusion in the spurious and immoral list of countries allegedly sponsoring terrorismIt is inthis context that an Unconventional War is launched against our country,to which the US Government has allocated, in a public and notorious manner,millionsthrough manipulationcampaignsand lies, with the use of the new information technologies and other digital platforms, in order to portray, internally and externally,an absolutely false image of the Cuban reality, sowconfusion, destabilize and discredit the country and vindicate the ‘change of regime’doctrine.They have done everything to erase the Cuban Revolution from the political map to the world. They accept no alternatives to the model they conceive for their own backyard. Their plan is perverse and incompatible (as) withthe democracy and freedom they advocate.But our enemies must be clear that we will not give away theHomeland and the Revolution that several generations of patriots bequeathed to us by standing their ground. Today I would like to reiterate before the respectable and real community of nations that every year votes almost unanimously against the blockade, what Army General Raúl Castro expressed some years ago: “...Cuba is not afraid of lies, nor does it give in to pressures, conditions or impositions, wherever these may come from...”

      Economic blockade of Cuba

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    1. I dream of an agreement between the United States and China, an agreement facing the world, not focusing on competing but cooperating to pushthe world forward. A world that largely depends on the determination of the leaders, particularly the G-20, which I call to action so that we can understand the interdependence between self-interest and solidaritywhich are,as of today, two sides of the same coin
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    1. Today,the world doesn’t care about “America First” or “America is Back”. If rationality prevails in the minds of the decision-makers, they have to realize that nations’ perseveranceis stronger than thepower of the superpowers. Over the past decade, theUS has been making the mistake of modifying its “way of war” with the world instead of changing its “way of life”. An erroneous path cannot be brought to fruition by merely adopting a different method. Sanctions are the US’ new way of war with the nations of the world. Sanctions against the Iranian nation started not with my country’s nuclear program; they even predate the Islamic Revolution and go back to the year 1951 when oil nationalization went underway in Iran, which in turn led to a military coup backed by the Americans

      On American hegemony, sanctions in Iran and their impact, western identity and how it has failed.

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    1. Yet I fear our world is creeping towards two different sets of economic, trade, financial, and technology rules, two divergent approaches in the development of artificial intelligence—and ultimately two different military and geo-political strategies.
    2. At the same time, it will be impossible to address dramatic economic and development challenges whilethe world’s two largest economies are at odds with each other.
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  5. Jul 2021
    1. And I think we’ve already gotten some good work under our belts.  We’ve been developing shared principles at the G7.  I think you saw some of that emerge just a few weeks ago with President Biden.  We’ve created a new U.S.-EU Trade and Technology Council that’s going to be an important vehicle for advancing this agenda.  We’re starting a new science and technology partnership with the UK.  We’re launching cooperative agreements with Korea and Japan on emerging technologies.  We created a Critical and Emerging Tech Working Group with the Quad countries – with Japan, Australia, India.  We’re working with G7 partners through Build Back Better World to mobilize private capital and government finance to build digital infrastructure in low- and middle-income countries.

      Survey of a few US initiatives in digital realm. It is important to follow-up on them as processes in digital cooperation.

    2. “surveillance due diligence guidance”

      ||Pavlina|| ||MarcoLotti|| Do we have this document?

    3. That’s what we did at the UN International Telecommunications Union just a few months ago.  Some countries proposed norms that would allow the use, for example, of facial recognition technology in ways that could threaten human rights.  We brought governments and businesses together to stop it.

      to analyse more

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  6. Jun 2021
    1. Towards a renewed Transatlantic partnership

      Important for wide range of digital issues

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