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  1. Oct 2021
    1. Russia and the US prepared the UN General Assembly draft resolution on cybersecurity, inviting all countries to join the rules of behavior in cyberspace listed in the reports of the open working group and the group of governmental experts

      ||VladaR|| ||Pavlina|| they actually did it!

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  2. Sep 2021
    1. 9. La Covid-19 a démontré la dépendance du monde à la technologie et à la connectivité numérique auxquelles plus de la moitié de la population mondiale n’apas accès.10. Cet état de faitaccroit les inégalités, compromet la résilience des plus vulnérableset nécessite des mesures urgentes parmi lesquelles la restructuration de l’architecture financière internationale, la construction des infrastructures numériques, ainsi que la production et la distribution égalitaire des vaccins.
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    1. today we are facing exceptional and unprecedented challenges and circumstances that will define the future of our world our organization needs to be fully prepared to come up with the appropriate solutions to ensure a balanced recovery and a fast response to the different challenges it is high time we thought of long-term solutions it is high time we achieved more for the future generations and for the youth it is high time we became better prepared for future challenges for establishing a stronger more effective and connected multilateral system in this regard we renew to the secretary general tunisia's full readiness to actively engage with everyone to implement our common agenda
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    1. Some other components are ICTisation of schools,Integrated Taxation System, and electronic Patient Information management.On the other hand, our Central Bank is also piloting a project on digital Ngultrum, Bhutan’s currency, using block chain technology. This is to adapt with the overall ICT transformation and harness technology for a 21st century Bhutan.

      digitalised taxation system, use of ICTs in schools, digital currency using blockchain

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    1. Mr President, I have concentrated my statement at this year’s assembly on the COVID-19 pandemic and Climate Change because they are the two overarching issues that confrontmankind.Dealing with them successfully is what will give future generations a chance to live in peace, prosperity and safety.Those generations are our children and grandchildren.So what future do we want for them?Should we not act to give them the glorious future we want for them, and that they deserve?We certainly should
    2. Governments cannot urge people toget inoculated on the basis that the best vaccine is the available vaccine, andyet discriminate against vaccines that were not manufactured directly in North America and Europe.This would not only be a form of vaccine apartheid, it would defeat the objective of inoculating 70 per cent of the world’s peopleby this time next year.This discrimination must ceasenow before it becomes a norm by some developed countries. It is wrong; unjust, and patently unfair

      Vaccine apartheid

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    1. As the Secretary-General said in his report “Our Common Agenda”, we should “usher in // a new eera of universal social protection”.
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    1. We share UN Secretary General’sconcerns in his report on “Our Common Agenda”,and wethink that all UN member states have the responsibilityto commonly contribute to increasing the functionality of multilateral institutions and mechanisms in order to make a tangible difference to people’s lives.
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    1. Malgré les appels à un cessez-le-feu mondial qui permettrait de concentrer toute notre énergie sur les urgences planétaires, la pandémie et le climat, et la pleine réalisation des droits humains, les conflits perdurent. Ils sont le résultat de tensions entre Etats et à l’intérieur de sociétés qui reflètent une profonde crise de confiance.Dans ce contexte, la proposition de notre Secrétaire général d’élaborer un nouveau contrat social ancré dans les droits humains et de façonner un nouvel agenda pour la paix est pertinente. Le Luxembourg est prêt à contribuer à ces efforts visant à restaurer la confiance, en assurant aussi le respect du droit international. Sans cela, il ne saurait y avoir de paix durable.

      'Despite calls for a global ceasefire that would allow us to focus all our energy on planetary emergencies, the pandemic and the climate, and the full realization of human rights, conflicts persist. They are the result of tensions between states and within societies which reflect a deep crisis of confidence. In this context, our Secretary-General's proposal to craft a new social contract anchored in human rights and shape a new agenda for peace is relevant. Luxembourg is ready to contribute to these efforts aimed at restoring confidence, while also ensuring respect for international law. Without this, there can be no lasting peace.'

    2. Notre Secrétaire général, Antonio Guterres nous y appelle. Je le remercie pour son action et je lui renouvelle mes félicitations et vœux de succès les plus sincères pour son second mandat à la tête de notre Organisation.Dans le rapport qu’il vient de présenter, « Notre programme commun », le Secrétaire général nous met devant nos responsabilités. Je suis d’accord avec lui quand il dit que « nous sommes à un tournant de l’histoire ». L’avertissement sonne juste dans les circonstances actuelles. Nous devons faire le choix d’agir, le choix du sursaut salutaire conduisant à un avenir meilleur, plus vert et plus sûr.Membre fondateur de l’ONU, le Luxembourg s’engage de longue date pour le multilatéralisme et pour un ordre international fondé sur la règle de droit. Aujourd’hui, mon pays est prêt à répondre à l’appel du Secrétaire général pour mettre sur pied un système multilatéral plus solide, plus efficace, plus inclusif, travaillant davantage en réseau. Ce n’est qu’ainsi que nous pourrons assurer la paix et la sécurité, le développement durable dans tous ses aspects, y compris la santé, le respect de l’Etat de droit et des droits humains.

      'Our Secretary General, Antonio Guterres is calling us to do so. I thank him for his action and I renew my sincere congratulations and best wishes for his second term at the head of our Organization. In the report he has just presented, "Our Common Agenda", the Secretary-General puts us in front of our responsibilities. I agree with him when he says that "we are at a turning point in history". The warning rings true under the current circumstances. We must make the choice to act, the choice of the salutary start leading to a better, greener and more secure future. A founding member of the United Nations, Luxembourg has long been committed to multilateralism and to an international order based on the rule of law. Today, my country stands ready to respond to the Secretary-General's call for a stronger, more effective, more inclusive multilateral system, working more in a network. Only in this way can we ensure peace and security, sustainable development in all its aspects, including health, respect for the rule of law and human rights.'

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    1. We have embarked on an important connectivity program branded Connect PNG, which is building and expanding infrastructure assets such as national roads, wharves, jetties, airports, airstrips, punching new road corridors, information and telecommunication network and electricity access to the majority of our population.

      Expanding infrastructure assets such as information and telecommunication network

    2. I also recognise, as I close, the important reality check by Secretary General Gutteres in his call for action on the Common Agenda. The Secretary General’s proposals and recommendations calls for a robust UN system. We cannot progress the Common Agenda without dealing with the system that will carry it.
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    1. Page 6 of 8Special efforts need to be made to bring them in the mainstream. Mauritius stands ready to support all initiatives in that regard.

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    2. We have an immense responsibility towards our future generations. Throughout the world, students and young people have been facing growing frustration because of confinements, education disruptions, and fewer job opportunities.

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    3. Let me also congratulate His Excellency Mr. António Guterres upon his re-election as Secretary-General of the United Nations and thank him for his comprehensive report entitled “Our Common Agenda”.
    4. Mr. President, One sector which has thrived during the pandemic relates to infodemics and criminal activities in cyberspace. This has to be addressed globally. We support the elaboration of an international Convention on Countering the Use of Information and Communications Technologies for Criminal Purposes.
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    1. Nous mobiliserons les secteurs privés pour investir dans les infrastructures et les nouvelles technologies.

      We will mobilize the private sectors to invest in infrastructure and new technologies.

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    1. Together with the Prime Minister of Spain, I have launched a network of leaders to support the Secretary-General in taking the Common Agenda forward. Future generations should be at the centre of these efforts. We look forward to contributing to the preparations of a ‘Summit of the Future’ in 2023.
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    1. Yes, and how much wealthier must tech firms get, [Pause]Before we worry about how so few have access to data and knowledge?
    2. How much more fake news will we allow to be spread without states defending the public digitalspaces? We have come together with alacrity to defend the right of states to tax across thedigital space but we are not prepared to come together quickly to defend the right of our citizensnot to be duped by fake news in that same space.
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    1. as wella big part of our lifehas been pushed to the digital spaceparents who couldn't go to work theyhave to work from homechildren took part in digital educationand these twohave created a vulnerableand unexperienced group of users ofdigital space and this kind of group isa perfect targeta perfect target for cyber crimethat's why we urgeto put together a strict internationalregulationwhich can protect our children and ourfamiliesfrom spreading extremist ideologieson theinternet of sexual propaganda and ofcyber bullying
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    1. Lesréseauxsociauxontégalementétélethéâtredecampagnesdedésinformation.Unsubtiléquilibreresteàtrouverentre,d’unepart,ladésinformation,lediscoursdehaine,lesthéoriescomplotisteset,d’autrepart,lerespectdeslibertésfondamentales.Ilfautaussinouspenchersurl’impactenvironnementaldecesnouvellestechnologies,fortementconsommatricesd’énergie.

      'Social networks have also been the scene of disinformation campaigns. A fine balance remains to be found between, on the one hand, disinformation, hate speech, conspiracy theories and, on the other hand, respect for fundamental freedoms. We must also look at the environmental impact of these new technologies, which consume a lot of energy.'

    2. Ilya3ansjelançaisleprogrammeExtendedMonaco,pourbâtirleMonacodedemain,plusécologiqueetmieuxconnecté.Jenem’attendaispasàêtreconfortédansmadécisionaussirapidement.Mieuxpréparée,laPrincipautéasumaintenirl’activitééconomique,sesservicessociaux,éducatifsetculturels,mêmeauplusfortdelacrise.Pouryparvenir,nousnoussommesdotésd’uncadrelégislatifadéquat,d’infrastructuresperformantesetd’unehauteprotectiondesdonnées.Maislecyberespaceappelleàlavigilancedetous.Aveclacrisesanitaire,lescyber-attaquescontredesinfrastructurescivilessesontmultipliées,portantatteinteauxprincipesfondamentauxdudroitinternationalhumanitaire.

      Three years ago, I launched the Extended Monaco program, to build the Monaco of tomorrow, which is greener and better connected. I didn't expect to be comforted in my decision so quickly. Better prepared, the Principality has been able to maintain economic activity, its social, educational and cultural services, even at the height of the crisis. To achieve this, we have equipped ourselves with an adequate legislative framework, efficient infrastructures and high data protection. But cyberspace calls for everyone's vigilance. With the health crisis, cyber-attacks against civilian infrastructure have multiplied, undermining the fundamental principles of international humanitarian law.

    3. MonsieurlePrésident,lemondededemainseraunmondetoujoursplusconnecté.LapandémiedelaCOVID-19aprouvéàquelpointlatechnologiepeutserévélerindispensable.Elleamodifiélesstratégiesdesentreprises,leshabitudesdesconsommateursetlesaccèsàcertainsservicespublicscommelasantéoul’enseignementscolaire.Ainsilaréductiondelafracturenumériqueapparaitcommeuneprioritéalorsque3milliardsdepersonnesn’ontpasaccèsàl’internet.MonsieurleSecrétairegénéral,votre«feuillederoutepourlacoopérationnumérique»pointedudoigtlesdéfisessentielsàreleverdanscedomaine.

      Mr. President, the world of tomorrow will be an increasingly connected world. The COVID-19 pandemic has proven just how essential technology can be. It has changed business strategies, consumer habits and access to certain public services such as health and school education. Thus, reducing the digital divide appears to be a priority when 3 billion people do not have access to the internet. Mr. Secretary-General, your “Roadmap for Digital Cooperation” points to the essential challenges to be taken up in this area.

    1. Azerbaijan is building new cities and towns from the scratch by applying the modern urban planning and utilizing the concepts of "smart city" and "smart village".
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    1. Vivimosenunmundointerconectado,globalizadoyconlatecnologíapararesolverfácilmentetodos estos problemas, pero sin la mínima voluntad para hacerlo.

      'We live in a world that is interconnected, globalized and with the technology to easily solve all these problems, but without the slightest will to do it.'

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    1. Por otra parte, no puedo dejar de destacar que lastimosamente la brecha digital persiste y el rápido progreso de las tecnologías digitales y el comercio electrónico se ha convertido en un instrumento que puede ayudar en la recuperación económica. Sin embargo, la brecha digital impide que estos beneficios se compartan equitativamente. Y cuando sucede esto, las tecnologías digitales y el comercio electrónico se convierten en instrumentos para consolidar ese injusto orden mundial.

      'On the other hand, I cannot fail to emphasize that unfortunately the digital divide persists and the rapid progress of digital technologies and electronic commerce has become an instrument that can help in economic recovery. However, the digital divide prevents these benefits from being shared equitably. And when this happens, digital technologies and electronic commerce become instruments to consolidate this unjust world order.'

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    1. I wish to take note of the Secretary General’s Report on “Our Common Agenda” which raises key issue of our common concern such as gender equality, climate change and youth development.
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    1. The United Nations cannot ignorethe lessons learned inAfghanistan. It took two decades of occupation,a toll of thousands of deadly casualties, 10 million displaced and billions of dollars in costs –which turn into profits forthe military-industrial complex–to reach the conclusion that terrorism cannot be prevented or fought with bombs; that occupation only leads to destruction and that no country has the right to impose its will on sovereign nations. Afghanistan is not an isolated case. It became obvious that wherever the United States intervenes, instability, death and hardships increase, leaving behind long-lasting scars.
    2. We call for an end to foreign interference in the internal affairs of theRepublic of Belarus and reiterate our solidarity with President Alexander Lukashenko and the brother people of Belarus.
    3. We reject the attempts to expand NATO’s presence up to the Russian borders; the interference in Russia’s affairs with regard to its sovereignty and the imposition of unilateral and unjust sanctions against that country.
    4. We reiterate our unshakable support to the “one China” principle and oppose any attempt to harm the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the People’s Republic of China, as well as anyinterference in its internal affairs.
    5. We strongly condemn the unilateral and unjust sanctions against the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
    6. We condemn the unilateral coercive measures imposed against the Islamic Republic of Iran.
    7. We call for a just, comprehensive, all-encompassing and lasting solution to the Middle East conflict, which includes the end of the Israeli occupation of the usurped Palestinian territories and the exercise of the inalienable right of the Palestinian people to build its own State within the pre-1967 bordersand with East Jerusalemas its capital.
    8. We reiterate our commitment to peace in Colombia. We are convinced that a political solution and a dialogue between the parties is the appropriate way to achieve it.
    9. We also call for an end toforeigninterference in Syria and full respect for its sovereignty and territorial integrity, while we support the search for a peaceful and negotiated solution to the situation imposed on that sister nation.
    10. We stand in solidarity with the Republic of Argentina in its just claim for its sovereign rights over the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas.
    11. We reaffirm that the brother people of Puerto Rico should be free and independent aftermore than a century of submission to colonial dominance.
    12. We support the Caribbean nations’ claim for fairreparations for the horrors caused byslavery and slave trade. We likewise support their right to a just, special and differentiated treatment, which is indispensable to meet the challenges resulting from climate change, natural disasters, the unjust international financial system and the difficult conditions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic.

      The Caribbean

    13. We ratify our firm support to the brother people of Nicaragua and its National Reconciliation and Unity Government, led by Commander Daniel Ortega, who are courageously and proudly defending the achievements attained against the threats and interventionist actions of the US government.
    14. We are opposed to every attempt to destabilize and subvert the constitutional order and the civic and military unityand destroy the work that was initiated by Commander Hugo Chávez Frías and continued by President Nicolás Maduro Moros in favor of the Venezuelan people. We reiterate that the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela will always be able to count on Cuba’s solidarity.
    15. We also take pride in the Cuban scientific community which, despite huge scarcities,created three vaccines and two candidate vaccines against the COVID-19 pandemic. They represent the realization of the ideaexpressed by Commander in Chief of the Cuban Revolutionin 1960, who asserted that the future of our homeland must necessarily be a future of men and women of science.
    16. At the same time, in response to the requests received and guided by itsprofound fraternal and humanistic vocation, Cuba has sent more than 4 900 cooperation workers, organized into 57 medical brigades, to 40 countries and territories affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.Our dedicated health workers have not had a minute of rest in the struggle against the pandemicinside and outside Cuba.
    17. For more than 60 years, the US government has not ceased for a single minute in its attacks against Cuba. However, at this crucial and challenging moment for all nations, its aggressiveness exceeds all limits. The most cruel and longest-lasting economic, commercial and financial blockade ever applied against any nation, has been opportunistically and criminally tightened during thepandemic;and the current democratic administration maintains unchanged the 243 coercive measures adopted by the Donald Trump administration, including Cuba’s inclusion in the spurious and immoral list of countries allegedly sponsoring terrorismIt is inthis context that an Unconventional War is launched against our country,to which the US Government has allocated, in a public and notorious manner,millionsthrough manipulationcampaignsand lies, with the use of the new information technologies and other digital platforms, in order to portray, internally and externally,an absolutely false image of the Cuban reality, sowconfusion, destabilize and discredit the country and vindicate the ‘change of regime’doctrine.They have done everything to erase the Cuban Revolution from the political map to the world. They accept no alternatives to the model they conceive for their own backyard. Their plan is perverse and incompatible (as) withthe democracy and freedom they advocate.But our enemies must be clear that we will not give away theHomeland and the Revolution that several generations of patriots bequeathed to us by standing their ground. Today I would like to reiterate before the respectable and real community of nations that every year votes almost unanimously against the blockade, what Army General Raúl Castro expressed some years ago: “...Cuba is not afraid of lies, nor does it give in to pressures, conditions or impositions, wherever these may come from...”

      Economic blockade of Cuba

    18. In short, today we are witnessing the implementation of unacceptable political practices in the international context that go against the universal commitment to uphold the Charter of the United Nations, including the sovereign right to self-determination. Independent and sovereign states are being driven under multiple pressures to force them to subordinate to the will of Washington and to an order based on its capricious rules.
    19. In the midstof this bleak prospect, Covid-19 vaccines have emerged asa hope. In August of 2021, more than 5 billion doses had been administered globally; however, more than 80 per cent of them were appliedin middle or high income countries, even when they account for much less than one half of the world’s population. Hundreds of millions of persons in low-income countries are still waiting to receive their first dose and cannot even estimate when orif they will ever receive it.At the sametime, it is hard to believe thatthe world’s military budget in the year 2020 amounted to almost 2 trillion USD. How many lives would have been saved should those resources had been invested in health or the manufacturing and distribution of vaccines?
    20. It is widely believed that the sustainable development goal of eradicating poverty by 2030, by which date the global poverty rate is projected to be 7 percent, or around 600 million people, is already seriously compromised.
    21. More than 4.5 million people have diedbecause of the pandemic, which has worsened the living conditions in this planet. Its sequels andimpact on societies today areincalculable, but it is already known that they will not be ephemeral.It has been so pointed out by the “2021 Sustainable Development Goals Report”, while according to the International Labor Organization forecasts, there will be 205 million people unemployed in the world by 2022.
    22. We are living uncertain times.Under the demolishing impact of a pandemic that has worsened structural inequities and the global crisis, the role of multilateralism and the United Nations becomes ever more important.And international cooperation has been insufficient.The implementation of neo-liberal formulas for decades has been reducing States’ capabilitiesto meet the needs of their populations. The most vulnerable have been left unprotected, while rich nations, the elites andthepharmaceutical transnational corporations have continued toprofit.Not only it is urgent that we unite our wills and pool our efforts for the wellbeing of humanity.It is morally imperative
    1. EN LA LUCHA INTERNACIONAL CONTRA EL NARCOTRÁFICO

      Half of the speech is about drug trafficking

    2. LOS FONDOS VERDES PARA EL CLIMA NO LLEGAN COMO DEBERÍAN HACERLO Y ESTO SOLO PUEDE HACERSE CON UNA VERDADERA VOLUNTAD POLÍTICA.SEÑORES HACE TIEMPO TENÍAMOS QUE ACTUAR Y NO TERMINAMOS DE ENTENDERLO.EN MÉXICO PROPUSE LA CREACIÓN DE UN CENTRO DE PREVISIÓN DEL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO.DEMANDAMOS QUE LOS PAÍSES INDUSTRIALIZADOS CUMPLAN CON SUS COMPROMISOS A TRAVÉS DE LOS FONDOS VERDES, QUE SE ACABE LA BUROCRACIA Y SE ATIENDA LA MITIGACIÓN, ADAPTACIÓN Y EMERGENCIA DE LOS PAÍSES QUE SOMOS AFECTADOS

      Proposed the creation of a Centre for prevention of climate change

    3. EN HONDURAS HEMOS DISEÑADO UN SISTEMA DE PROTECCIÓN, QUE CONSISTE EN REPRESAS MULTIPROPÓSITOS PARA RECOGER EL AGUAQUE PROVIENE DE LLUVIAS DESTRUCTIVAS, AGUA PARA CONSUMO HUMANO E IMPULSAR UNA AGRICULTURA INTELIGENTE CON ALTA TECNOLOGÍA EN RIEGO Y MAYOR PRODUCCIÓN DE ALIMENTOS.COMPLEMENTADO ESTO CON UN CAMBIO EN HACER LA AGRICULTURA, MENOS SUPERFICIE TERRITORIAL, MAYOR PRODCUTIVIDAD Y CUIDO DEL BOSQUE.

      'intelligent agriculture with high technology in irrigation'

    4. HOY PROPONGO ANTE ESTA ASAMBLEA UNA TRANSFORMACIÓN DEL SISTEMA INTERNACIONAL DE SALUD, EN ESPECIAL DE LA ORGANIZACIÓN MUNDIAL DE LA SALUD, DEBIDO A LA INEQUIDAD REFLEJADA EN LA DISTRIBUCIÓN DE VACUNAS CONTRA LA COVID-19 A LOS PAÍSES EN VÍAS DE DESARROLLO QUE A PESAR DE TENER EL DINERO NO PUDIMOS ACCESAR A ELLAS.SE DEBE CREAR UN FONDO DE EMERGENCIA CON EL APORTE DE TODOS LOS PAISES PARA GARANTIZAR UN ACCESO EQUITATIVO DE LAS VACUNAS O CUALQUIER OTRO MEDICAMENTO.

      Proposed the reform of health system and WHO 'Today i propose to this assembly a transformation of the international health system, especially of the world health organization, due to the inequality reflected in the distribution of vaccines against Covid-19 to developing countries the money we could not access them. An emergency fund must be created with the contribution of all countries to ensure equal access to vaccines or any other medicines.'

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    1. Me es grato indicar que durante este primer año de la membresía de Guatemala en el Consejo Económico y Social (ECOSOC), se ha brindado un seguimiento a la agenda de desarrollo sostenible y logrado la articulación de esfuerzos comunes para hacer más efectivo el trabajo de este órgano, bajo nuestro lema: "Desarrollo inclusivo para todos", considerándolo el centro donde convergen los esfuerzos para implementar condiciones que generen el desarrollo que anhelamos.
    2. Reiteramos que la Corte Internacional de Justicia desempeña un papel importante como principal órgano judicial de las Naciones Unidas, reafirmamos nuestro compromiso para resolver de manera permanente y definitiva, ante dicha Corte, el Diferendo Territorial, Insular y Marítimo con Belice, país con el que aspiramos a tener una relación privilegiada para la solución pacífica de los problemas comunes.

      Territorial dispute with Belize

    3. Guatemala, como un país de vocación pacífica, reitera ante esta Asamblea la necesidad del desarme completo, irreversible y transparente y condenamos cualquier ensayo nuclear o amenaza del uso de la fuerza con este tipo de armas, que ponen en verdadero riesgo y peligro la continuidad de la vida en nuestro planeta
    4. lo que, reiteramos la necesidad de continuar con el apoyo a través de los fondos y programas de esta Organización orientada a la población más necesitada, e invertir específicamente en procesos tangibles para su desarrollo.

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    5. Además, creemos firmemente que la Reforma a la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, continúa siendo una asignatura pendiente. Por

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    6. Considero también, que Taiwán puede proveer de experiencia, capacidades y conocimiento para el fortalecimiento del multilateralismo, tomando en cuenta los desafíos a los que nos enfrentamos actualmente.
    7. Es importante la revitalización de las Naciones Unidas, para adaptarse a la realidad mundial, por lo que es imperativo que el mantenimiento de la paz y la seguridad internacionales, sigan siendo sus propósitos principales, por lo cual el Consejo de Seguridad debe honrar esa responsabilidad, sin sesgos ideológicos y los invito a que sean objetivos y equitativos. Guatemala se honra en tener una larga trayectoria como país contribuyente de tropas de esta Organización. Hoy, nuevamente, hacemos un llamado al Consejo de Seguridad, a actuar de manera consistente con sus funciones, incluyendo un uso responsable del derecho al veto, y evitar el agravamiento de crisis internacionales.

      Revitalise the UN

    8. Guatemala, ha sido golpeada por los efectos del cambio climático, ante esta dura realidad en el seno de esta Asamblea, solicito que el área Centro Americana sea reconocida como una Región altamente vulnerable al impacto de pérdidas y daños que imponen los desastres naturales y la necesidad de optar a financiamiento climático ágil y de calidad, así como también, en el otorgamiento de los accesos a seguros paramétricos que nos ayuden a la recontrucción de la infraestructura a la que nos vemos obligados ario con ario. Este es un llamado a la comprensión y solidaridad de los países industrializados, que son los grandes responsables del cambio climático y cuyas consecuencias repercuten negativamente en la

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    9. región, a pesar de ser nosotros una fuente importante de contribución a la absorción de las descargas de carbono gracias a la capacidad de nuestras masas forestales. Los efectos desastrosos pueden mitigarse si contáramos con su colaboración y aportes, que se traducirían en un compensador social, reflejándose indudablemente, en el mejoramiento de los indices de • desarrollo humano. Tengan la seguridad que visibilizaremos esta vulnerabilidad con acciones concretas durante la VIGÉSIMO SEXTA (26a) Conferencia de las Partes de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas Sobre Cambio Climático.

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    10. Respecto al tránsito marítimo de ilícitos, según agencias internacionales, se ha logrado una reducción notable del tránsito de estas sustancias en aguas territoriales del pacífico, gracias a la presencia permanente de las Fuerzas Especiales Navales. Sin embargo, es menester hacer notar que estos éxitos no parecen ser reconocidos y valorados por los países consumidores quienes tienen la mayor responsabilidad en esta cadena insana del narcotráfico. Es por ello, que hoy desde acá, demando a que sean más efectivos para combatir el lavado de dinero, que hagan más por repatriar los capitales resultado del narcotráfico porque al final por paradójico que suene, el dinero está en las cuentas bancarias de los que distribuyen la droga en los países consumidores.
    11. En materia de seguridad, la región centroamericana, se enfrenta a la lucha contra la delincuencia organizada transnacional, principalmente en lo que respecta al fenómeno del narcotráfico; hemos emprendido diversas acciones en coordinación con las distintas instancias especializadas de esta Organización, así como con países amigos a quienes agradezco su buena voluntad para hacer frente de manera conjunta a este flagelo.
    12. Sin embargo, nuestra región continúa sufriendo un tremendo flagelo que ha costado innumerables vidas, que corrompe a nuestras sociedades, que tiene una gran impacto en nuestra economía, y que nos obliga a distraer recursos para su combate, los cuales podrían ser utilizados para otros esfuerzos que ayudarían a mejorar los índices de desarrollo humano. Me refiero al tráfico de drogas; un mal que nos toca sufrir por la demanda que existe para su consumo, particularmente en los Estados Unidos de América. Hemos asumido con gran responsabilidad el combate de este mal, muestra de ello es que, desde el inicio de nuestra gestión a la fecha, se ha logrado desarticular a 15 estructuras de narcotráfico y desestabilizado a 6. Se han consignado a 2,855 personas relacionadas con ese delito; 52 son o han sido sujetas a procesos de extradición por narcotráfico y 7 por otros delitos cometidos en diferentes países. Se han incautado 19,953 kilos de cocaína y 7,066 libras de marihuana. Se han destruido 1,565,811 matas de coca; 4,299,800 matas de marihuana y 25,929,475 matas de amapola. Al día de ayer, se contabilizan 114 días sin el aterrizaje de vuelos con substancias ilícitas en nuestro territorio, lo que marca el período más largo sin que ello suceda, demostrando nuestro compromiso en la lucha contra el tráfico ilícito de drogas.
    13. Protección a la población migrante, Guatemala no es ajena a la crisis migratoria, manifestamos nuestra preocupación ante mensajes inapropiados y contradictorios que son aprovechados por las redes del tráfico y trata de personas, para impulsar la migración irregular, maxime cuando estos vienen del más alto nivel de los gobiernos. En ese sentido, la única solución para detener el flujo migratorio irregular debe basarse en la construcción de muros de prosperidad que le permitan al ser humano mejorar sus condiciones de vida, por lo que hago un llamado a los países de destino a incrementar la inversión extranjera directa a los nuestros, así como, mejorar los accesos de nuestros productos a esos mercados.

      'build a wall of prosperity' to help irregular migration, so people have better conditions in their own countries

    14. marcha acciones prioritarias para atender las necesidades más urgentes.

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    15. A pesar de las condiciones adversas que la humanidad vive, todos hemos demostrado resiliencia. La pandemia ha puesto de manifesto la enorme capacidad del ser humano para sobreponerse a condiciones hostiles y lograr su supervivencia. Recién asumida mi administración, nos enfrentamos a la pandemia de la COVID-19, que ha afectado y sigue afectando a miles de guatemaltecos, causando un fuerte impacto en la economía, y modificando las dinámicas sociales y culturales, para lo cual fue preciso dar una respuesta acorde a nuestras posibilidades y poner en

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    16. Sumado a ello, somos testigos de los embates del cambio climático en el mundo, que han exacerbado los fenómenos meteorológicos, cuyos efectos desastrosos, se tradujeron en pérdidas humanas, así como daños en la agricultura e infraestructura de grandes dimensiones.
    17. El año 2020 presentó retos inimaginables al mundo entero. Hoy, a casi dos años del inicio de esta pandemia, el esfuerzo global ha dado como resultado el desarrollo y distribución de vacunas seguras y eficaces. Sin embargo, la inmunización de una masa crítica de la población mundial, se enfrenta a un conjunto de desafíos, que incluyen nuevas cepas peligrosas del virus, el acceso inequitativo a las vacunas, la competencia mundial por un suministro limitado de dosis, al que han tenido acceso las economías más poderosas olvidándose que incluso el acaparamiento de las vacunas podría convertirse en un riesgo para sí mismos, si nosotros los países más pequeños y pobres no logramos mismo nivel de inmunizació
    18. Pero debemos ver este acontecimiento como un parteaguas en la historia y asumir el reto de enfrentar décadas de rezagos que se ven reflejadas en un alto índice de pobreza, desnutrición, sistema de salud obsoleto y la urgente necesidad de una reforma educativa que disminuya la brecha digital y que asegure la excelencia en la educación pública.

      'urgent need for educational reform that bridges the digital divide'

    1. Esel sistema de Naciones Unidas, sin lugar a dudas, es la víadel mundo multilateral,esel derecho internacional,son estos espacios que hay que fortalecer,esla soberanía de los pueblos del mundo ejercida con valentía en base al derecho internacional. Es un nuevo mundo que hay que construir, es un nuevo mundo que emerge desde el África, desde el Asia,desde América Latina y el Caribe,desde los pueblos de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica, es un nuevo mundo que renace para acabar con los viejos hegemones, para acabar con la pretensión de algunos de convertirse,de erigirse en policías y jueces de todos los pueblos del mundo. Esel tiempo de la libertad,de la soberanía,de la independencia,un nuevo mundo necesita una nueva Organización de Naciones Unidas, una nueva ONU de un nuevo mundo para que todos podamos compartir la vida,para que todos podamos compartir la solidaridad y el camino justo y necesario de una comunidad nueva,el mundo nuevo

      It is a new world that must be built, it is a new world that emerges from Africa, from Asia, from Latin America and the Caribbean, from the peoples of the United States of North America, it is a new world that is reborn to end the old hegemons...this new world needs a new UN

    2. Hemos dicho en los organismos encargados del cambio climáticoque es urgente una respuesta práctica,verificable de la actuación contra los gases de efecto invernadero,contra el calentamiento global de mares,de ambiente, contra todos los fenómenos de distorsión y desastre del cambio climático. Hacenfalta medidas de acción,verificablesy eficaces que detengan la aceleración de los procesos de deterioro del equilibrio ecológico del planeta Tierra. Ya hemos visto estos años que han pasado,ya hemos visto recientemente en esta ciudad sede de la Naciones Unidas,New York,grandes inundaciones;hemos visto simultáneo incendios e inundaciones en la India,en China,en New York,en España,en Venezuela,grandes sequías en el sur de Suramérica, la sequía total del río Paraná nunca vista en la historia. Nos obligan a exigirde los gobiernos con poder en el mundo acciones eficaces,efectivas que reduzcan el calentamiento global,que reduzcan la emisión de gases de efecto invernadero y que le den esperanza al mundo ante una situación verdaderamente preocupante y trágica para muchos en el planeta Tierra.
    3. En ese sentido, nuestro país ha sabido sobreponerse y enfrentar todas estas circunstancias. Por eso creemos necesario difundir en la Secretaría General de Naciones Unidas, desde la presidencia de esta Asamblea General anual y a todo nivel de embajadasrepresentativas y de gobiernos, los resultados oficiales del informe de la Relatora Especial para Sanciones de la Organización de Naciones Unidas, quien hizo una visitaaVenezuela este año, durante el transcurso de siete días, ylevantó un informe muy objetivo,muy crudo y realista de éstas sanciones criminales y la recomendación para que éstas sanciones criminales sean levantadas de inmediato y se respete el derecho internacional,el derecho internacional humanitario;se respete el derecho de Venezuela a la libertad y a la garantía económica, comercial, financiera y al ejercicio pleno de los derechos como país soberano pertenecientes a la Organización de Naciones Unidas.
    4. Es por eso que hoy ratificamos nuestro pedido,nuestra exigencia a que se levanten todas las sanciones criminales contra la economía venezolana,contra la sociedad venezolana por parte de los Estados UnidosdeNorteamérica,y por parte de los gobiernos de la Unión Europea.Lo decimos con la razón y la moral que nos asiste,y lo decimos a nombre de 30 millones de venezolanos y venezolanas. Yagradecemos el apoyo de los países de Naciones Unidas para avanzar en ese gran objetivo de nuestro país y de nuestra región.
    5. Aprovechola oportunidad para ratificar nuestra solidaridad y nuestro apoyo a la República de Cuba,al pueblo de Cuba en la exigencia apoyada durante 27 oportunidades por votación mayoritaria de Naciones Unidas,a que se levante de inmediato todas las medidas de bloqueo comercial y económico contra la República de Cuba,contra el pueblo de Cuba.Venezuela alza su voz también con justicia y por humanidad por Cuba,una República y un pueblo heroico.
    6. noble, pacífico y democrático como el pueblo de Venezuela.Y en muchas oportunidades hemos llevado la denuncia ante organismos,ante la sede de varios organismos,y hoy la volvemos a entregar ante la Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas en Nueva York. En esta oportunidad de la Asamblea General anual del mes de septiembre de este año 2021,Venezuela denuncia una campaña feroz y denuncia una agresión permanente y sistemática a través de sanciones económicas, financieras, petroleras, crueles,a través de una persecución contra el derecho a la libertad económica,contra los derechos económicos y las garantías económicas que deben gozar todos los pueblos del mundo. Una arremetida feroz contrael derecho a comprar lo que necesita nuestro país y contrael derecho a vender lo que nuestro país produce,especialmente las grandes riquezas petroleras y mineras que Venezuela tiene en su tierra y que durante décadas ha explotado. Se persigue las cuentas financieras,se nos ha secuestrado y bloqueado el oro de las reservas internacionales legales del Banco Central de Venezuela en Londres,se nos ha secuestrado y bloqueado miles de millones de dólares en cuentas bancarias enlos Estados Unidos,en Europa y más allá.Se lesimpide a las empresas venezolanas de petróleo,de minería,comerciar sus productos y abrir cuentas bancarias en el mundo para pagar,para cobrar y para hacer las transacciones comerciales de manera libre, como contempla el derecho internacional. Esuna persecución financiera, monetaria, comercial, económica, energética, sistemática, cruel y criminal. YVenezuela alza su voz para denunciarla ante los pueblos del mundo

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    7. enezuelahallevado a esta Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas en múltiples ocasiones, y ante los organismos del Sistema de Naciones Unidas,hemos llevado en múltiples ocasiones la denuncia de la arremetida feroz,de la campaña feroz contra nuestro país que se desata desde las élites que han gobernado los Estados Unidos;que se desata inclusive con complicidad desde las élites que dirigen organismos en Europa y en otros lugares. Han querido instrumentalizar los organismos internacionales,del derecho internacional parajustificar la campaña feroz y los ataques criminales contra un pueblo

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    8. ya hemos pasado de una fase cruel, dolorosa de resistencia a una fase de recuperación y de crecimiento sostenido con la ciencia, la innovación, la tecnología y la capacidad espiritual de un pueblo trabajador

      We have already passed from a cruel, painful phase of resistance to a phase of recovery and sustained growth with science, innovation, technology and the spiritual capacity of a working people

      General mention of technology

    9. De lo que debe ser, sin lugar a dudasla construcción del nuevo mundo,de la nueva comunidad humana,de un mundo sin imperios hegemónicos;de un mundo liberado del intento de dominio económico, financiero, militar, político, de algún hegemón,de algún imperio,o de quienes durante siglos de siglos expoliaron y dominaron,explotaron yoprimieron a los pueblos del mundo con el viejo colonialismo rapaz. Que hoy pretenden presentar como nuevas formas de neocolonialismo contra nuestro pueblo, nuevas formas de dominación,de expoliación,de opresión,de explotación contra los pueblos del mundo. Por eso en esta Asamblea General afectada por la pandemia desde el corazón mismo de nuestrasamadaspatrias, Venezuela levanta su voz por un nuevo mundo sin colonialismo,por un nuevo mundo sin imperialismo,por un nuevo mundo sin hegemóndominante,por un nuevo mundo de compartir,de cooperación,de una comunidad humana de destino compartido: El mundo multipolar, pluricéntrico que nosotros anhelamos y por el cual unimos nuestras banderas de lucha con todos los pueblos del mundo,con los pueblos del sur, en especial en la doctrina del Movimiento de Países No Alineados, la doctrina Sur-Sur,nuestra doctrina, nuestra visión, nuestro compromiso.

      A new world order without imperialism and hegemonism, a multipolar new world, against neocolonialism

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    1. May the eternal blue sky bless us-the humanity.
    2. I urge you,myfellow leaders,to increaseand renewyourrespective contributionsand pledgeson fostering green development, reducing Greenhouse gas emissionsand developingenvironmentally friendly society and economy.

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    3. butnottowardsthe mother naturewhichhas led to the current environmentaland ecological disasters.During the pandemic lockdown,we witnessed certain signs of natural self-recovery, at least for a short period of time, such asquickrecovery of the ozone layer, reduction of air pollution, purification of rivers and waters and revival of the fauna and flora. This is the showcase that we need to change the behaviorand attitudeof humanitytoward the nature and make tangible efforts to induce positive results.This also evidenced by the fact that the frequency and scopeof wildfires, hurricanes, floods, droughts and dzuds are increasing every year, causing devastating damages in all corners of the world.From ancient times, we, Mongolians, have honoredthe eternal blue sky as “father” and the land as “mother”,worshipped the surrounding mountainsand waters with deep love and respect and been recharged by their vitalenergy. Our ancestors thoroughly followed and delicately discovered thenature’s demeanor in a way that allowed them to process and use animal-derived productsand foodinbothenvironmentally-and human health-friendly ways. Weused the earth’s blessings such astrees, water, animal and other natural resources,only according to ourown orhousehold needs, and saving resources for thenext generations. The natural self-recoveryreminds me of the nomadic know-how of leaving the pastureland “fallow” or “leaving the pastureland for rest”. This is a Mongolian herders’wisdom to offer tothemotherland an opportunity to rest a while and to recover and revive itself. In our fight against climate change, let us draw lessons from the Mongolian traditional “nomadic civilization” to treatand regardthe nature respectfullyand combine itwith achievementsof modern science and technology as well as best practicesand traditional experiencesfrom all over the world. Desertificationthat isthreateningthe livelihoods of more than two billion people in the worldand the sandstorm originating from Mongolia are becoming major problemsfor us.Currently,a big portionof Mongolianterritory is affected by desertification or land degradation to certain degree. Main reasons are 2.2C increase of the mean temperatureand7 percent decline in annual precipitation level for the last 80 plus years.The most efficient wayto reverse desertification isplantingtrees. We, Mongolians, ponderthat planting trees, writing books and raising childrenare the three superior deeds. Hence, we have launched a campaign toplant billions of trees by 2030 from this podium of the General Assembly in order tocontribute to the global fight against climate change.Climate change and ecosystem degradationpose a real threat to the future of humankind irrespective of borders or ethnicity. Conscious of this critical turning point, the countries aroundthe globehave decided to gather in Glasgow in November for the COP26(Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change).

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    4. Climate change is having a devastating effect for the past decades.Proper diagnosis of the causes is key to overcome its harmful effects. One of the causes of adverse climate change is oblivioushuman activity. It is the result of our own careless behavior toward the nature and environment. Humanshave been largely debating overethical conduct towardseach other,

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    5. In line with the global development trend and the SustainableDevelopment Agenda 2030,the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia adopted the “Vision 2050”, Mongolia’s long-term development policy.
    6. We seeemerging military, political, and security-relatedissues, increasing number of armed conflicts associated to religion, cultural difference, economic competition and globalization, growing flow of refugees as well as environmental degradation.Accordingly, the UN political andpeacekeepingoperationspolicy,its type and scope have been modified. We supportefforts to increase peacekeepers’ role and changein the requirement for them as well as the desire totake immediate action with a compactforce equipped with modernweapons, equipment and facilitiesin linewith the relevantmission’s operational situation.Since 2002Mongolia has deployed nearly 20thousandBlue Helmets to 13 UN peacekeeping operations in threedifferent continents andrankshighin the world in terms ofper capita deployment of peacekeepers and number of military personnel.In the future, Mongolia aimsto increaseitsparticipationin the UN peacekeeping operationsandis preparing to deploy Quick Reaction Force Company, Construction Engineering Company, and Level Two Hospital to the UN missions.Moreover, Mongolia pursues a policy to increase percentage of women peacekeepersto 15 percent in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolution on Women, Peace and Security.In that regard, Mongolia will host an international conference onparticipation of femalepeacekeepersin the UN PKOs next year in Ulaanbaatar. We call on the Department of Peace Operations and Member Statestosupportand cooperatein organizingthis conference.
    7. During the pandemic, information technology was the main engineof sociallife and has proved firmly its role and positionin the life of the 21stcentury. Prior to the COVID-19, the use of information technology was deeply ingrained in economic, business and financial relations, but during the pandemic, remote diagnosticsandtreatment, e-learning, and home-based working were expanding andbringingnew forms of labor organization.

      Use of information technology

    8. Therefore,with a view to buildan intellectual immunity against warin human beings, we present an initiative toobserve September2, the day, when devastating World War II, that involved morethan 100 million people from more than 30 countriesand took the lives of millions,had ended,asinternational day to commemorate“Humanity’s Victory Over War".We are confident that countries and peoples of the world will support this initiative.

      An initiative to observe September 2, when World War II, had ended, as international day to commemorate “Humanity’s Victory Over War".

    9. Furthermore, I would like to emphasize the facts thatwe have been actively participatingin the UN peacekeeping operations since 2002, the period of 2003-2012was proclaimed as the UNLiteracy Decadeat the initiativeof Mongoliaand the International Think-Tank, the first ever intergovernmental body for Landlocked Developing Countries,has been established in Ulaanbaatar.
    10. Over the past two years, we learned that isolationfrom society and loneliness are more fearfulthan the coronavirus itself, at a time when humanity is increasingly in need of socialization.We also witnessed that aparting from live communications between family members, friends, children, colleagues and between states and nations negativelyimpacts businesses, education, social behavior and relations, and mental health.

      Effects of social isolation

    11. The pandemic haschallenged ruthlessly the world economies, their liquidity and resilience more than ever. Estimates indicate that in 2020, the virus reducedglobal economic growth by4.9percent,global trade fallen by 5.3 percent,however the global economy is projected to experience recovery in 2021.
    12. World countriesand internationalcommunityaredirecting theircollective efforts and mutual assistance to vaccination, asitis considered to bethe bestprotection fromCOVID-19.As of today, the COVAX program, which aims to ensure equitable access to the COVID-19 vaccine, have delivered 190 million doses of vaccines to 138 countries, which is an invaluable support to low-and middle-income countries.In Mongolia, 65percentof the population has been fully vaccinated against COVID-19withthe support of other countriesand the Government procurement in addition to the COVAX supply. In Mongolia, there is a declining trend in virus spread though ithas been high in the last months; thus, the Government has started taking gradual steps to return to normal life by opening services, launching classroom training and increasing the number of international flights.
    13. The concept of global development should not only be green and accessible socio-economic development, but also there is an emerging need that it needs to be formulated in deep consideration of healthandhealth diplomacy.Moreover, there isa pressing need in health sector to improve risk management, preparedness, investment, promotionof public-private partnership, and expediatedpenetrationof high technology and innovation.

      General mention of technology

    14. The outbreakof the pandemic hasalso alarmed the modern nation states that the health sector possessesan existential importance equal to the defense sector.

      Importance of the health sector

    15. As a so called “oasis of democracy” in the region, Mongolia has been closely observing human rights issues stemmed from the pandemic lockdown.The fact that Mongolia and many other Asian countries have been going through the COVID-19 crisis without substantial human rights conflicts disclosesthe advantage of communalisticculture of Asians over the individualistic one. I firmly believe that respecting each other’s culture and value,as well aslearning from each other’s successes and failures are of utmost importancein collectively overcoming the challenges that humanity may face in the future. The sudden outbreak of COVID-19 has placed an enormous strain onthe global health, particularly inhuman resource, infrastructure and supply chain, andwith the lingering spread of COVID-19 infection, the reality of social injustice has been revealedvividly.
    16. Moreover, there were protests and insurgencies against lockdowns and home ordersin some countries
    17. Mr.President, As the pandemic has affectednot only global health, but alsoall spheres of economic, social and political life, it became evident that the human historywill be divided into pre-and post-COVID-19periods.We have learned a number oflessons from the pandemic. Mongolians say that“Disease never knocks on the door”, whichimpliesthatthe disease does not discriminatebyrace, age, gender, and wealth. This proverb alsodemonstratesthe Mongolian morality of taking care of ones in trouble and ensure notto maltreatthem. We shouldthink that rather thandiscriminating each other,weshould focus oncombiningour strengths and overcome this perilouspandemicthe humankindisfacing.
    1. Il est temps que nous matérialisions la solidarité qui est la fondation de notre organisation. Mettonsplus en avant les populations plus faibles et plus vulnérables afin que nos actions soient plus efficaces en leur faveur. Pour leur bien-être et leur épanouissement. Je plaide aujourd’hui pour eux, je porte leur voix. Nos échanges et nos réflexions sont précieux et essentielles car nous devons agir ensemble. Faisons preuves de leadership responsable, privilégions la coopération qui est le moteur de nos organisations et de nos institutions telles que la Banque Mondiale ou le FMI. Des organismes qui nous soutiennent et nous accompagnent pour surmonter cette période économique difficile mais aussi dans la réalisation de nos projets et ambitions de croissance, de développement et d’émergence. Je tiens d’ailleursà remercier le Fond Monétaire Internationale qui a répondu à l’appel des pays aux économies plus fragile afin d’apporté le soutien nécessaire pour atténuer les retombées économiques et financières de la pandémie. Le décaissement des financements a été facilite§. Madagascar en a d’ailleurs bénéficier.

      Financial assistance by international organisations

    2. Les pierres angulaires d’une émergence solide sont la souveraineté et l’unité nationale Parmi les principaux enjeux de Madagascar sur ces sujets, il y a la question des Iles Éparses ou Nosy Malagasy. Uneblessure encore douloureusedans le cœur de mon pays et de mon peuple. Des engagements pour la décolonisation de Madagascar ont été pris par la France en 1945 à San-Francisco. Le retour de l’indépendance n’est acquis qu’en 1960, autrement dit 15 ans après. Une décolonisation pourtant inachevée jusqu’à ce jour car la problématique des Iles Éparses n’a toujours pas été solutionné et ce malgré deuxrésolutions de l’Assembléegénérale des Nations Unie. D’abord en 1979demandant à la France d’initier sans tarder les négociations avec Madagascar pour la réintégration des Iles qui ont été séparées de Madagascar de façon arbitraire.Puis en 1980, l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unie, a regrettéque les négociationsrecommandées dans la résolution 34/91 n’aient pas été initiées et demande que cela soit effectif defaçon urgente. Aujourd’hui, 42 ans après les résolutions des Nations Unies, avec mon homologue Français, le PrésidentEmmanuel Macron, nous œuvrons ensemble, à travers la tenue de travaux au sein d’une « Commission Mixte » entre nos deux pays. J’ai bonne foi en une issue positive, justeet apaisée de ces travaux. Et j’invite notre organisation, les Nations Unies, à endosser son rôle pour veiller à cela de façon bienveillante et cohérente.

      Territorial dispute with France

    3. du Sud de la Grande Ile. La réalisation de ce projet d’envergure permettra une véritable renaissance dans cette région dans les domaines de l’agriculture et de l’élevage pour créer de l’emploi et promouvoir la résilience communautaire. La mise en place des infrastructures de base dans le domaine de la santé, de l’éducation, de l’énergie et de la sécurité́ est d’ailleurs déjà̀ effective, car il s’agit de droits fondamentaux à l’être humain. En tant que leader et dirigeant, il est de notre devoir de protéger nos populations. En matière de lutte climatique,Tous ces efforts seront vains si le laxisme dans l’application des mesures et sanctions pour la lutte contre le changement climatiquecontinuent. Cette crise nous force donc à changer de paradigme. Car si nous n’agissons pas, elleperdurera et s’amplifiera. Madagascar appelle ainsi chaque État à agir et ce, de façon équitable à la hauteur de ses actions polluantes.
    4. Pendant que le monde luttait contre la pandémie de la Covid-19, la crise climatique a aussi frappé de plein fouet. Les tragédies climatiques se sont enchainées. Les séries d’inondations et tempêtes meurtrières en Europe, en Afrique,en Amérique du Nord et en Asie du Sud Est.Mais également les feux deforêtset de brousse dévastateursen Amérique latine, sur la Côte Ouest Américaine, en Australie et sur le continent Africain. Parmi les drames causés par le dérèglement climatique il y a égalementla hausse du niveau des océansainsi que l’avancé de la déSertification. Madagascarse trouvevictime des conséquences du changement climatique. Les vagues de sècheressedans le sud se font récurrentes, les sources d’eaux se tarissentet toutes les activités de subsistances deviennent quasi-impossible. Mes compatriotes du Sud endurent le lourd tribut de la crise climatique à laquelle ils n’ont pas participée. Aujourd’hui, pour sauver les Malagasy dans cette partie du pays, nous misons sur les actions stratégiques pour apporter un changement radical et durable. Notamment par la construction d’un grand pipeline pour alimenter en eau la région du Sud afin d’irriguer les terres et ainsi permettre aux populations de cultiver et de vivre, enfin ! Ce grand projet de pipelinen’a jamais été réalisé. C’est un défi historique a la hauteur de l’engagement inédit de l’État Malagasy pour solutionner la situation
    5. • Nous mettons en place des solutionspour moderniser le réseau de transport en commun de la capitale :le train urbain est en pleinchantier,lestravaux du téléphérique débuterontcette année. • Nousconstruisons également des milliers de logements sociaux pour la population. • La distribution de parcelles de terrain « Titre Vert » pour soutenir l’entreprenariat agricole, ainsi que l’industrialisation de Madagascarà travers l’implantation d’usines de sucreries et de cimenteriessont sur les rails. Notre but est de produire localement tout ce dont les Malagasy ont besoin au quotidien. • Sur le plan social, 2.500.000 personnes soit 500.000 familles ont bénéficié d’un transfert monétaire durant le Coronavirus. • La Première usine de fabrication d’aliments nutritionnels “NutriSud » pour lutter contre la malnutrition infantile sera inaugurée dans une semaine.

      National economic development despite COVID-19 pandemic

    6. La Covid19 ne nous a pas empêchée de poursuivre les efforts engagés pour rattraper le retard de développement de Madagascar. • Dans le domaine des infrastructures de santé, notre objectif est d’instauré une santé pour tous. En construisant desHôpitaux et des Centres de Santé de Base dans toutes les régions et districts de Madagascar. • Nous venons de bâtir le plus grand stade de football de l’Océan Indien qui vient d’être inaugurer. Et nous continuons de construire des infrastructures sportives, notamment des stades, des gymnases et une académie nationale de sport de haut niveau. Nous investissons dans le sport, car le sport fédère et unis le peuple. • Nous sommes en train de construire une nouvelle ville : Tana-Masoandro qui sera la vitrine de l’Océan Indien.

      National economic development despite COVID-19 pandemic

    7. Les analyses publiées sur la situation Covid19, prédisaient un cataclysme sanitaire sur le continent Africain. Mais finalement l’Afrique et les pays dits « vulnérables », ont contredittoutes les prévisions. Ces pays, à l’instar de Madagascar, ont réussi à mieux encaisser l’impact de la Covid19 et à en tirer du positif. A Madagascar, pour nous relever de cette onde de choc, nous avons décidé d’adopter une attitudeoptimiste. A travers la concrétisation de notre vision de développement. Aujourd’hui, nous sommes en train d’écrire l’histoire d’une transformation profonde.
    8. Vous savez, ce qui laisse pensif, c’est que quand on parle d’un pays en voie de développement comme Madagascar, c’est toujours le côté négatif, et misérable qui est véhiculé et mis en avant sur la scène internationale. Quand on parle du continent Africain, on a toujours tendance à noircir la réalité. Il est temps que la perception change, il faut arrêter de véhiculer ces préjugés et aller au-delà de ces idées reçues.

      In the context of African countries dealing well with the pandemic: 'When we talk about the African continent we always tend to cast a shadow over reality. it's time for that perception to change'

    9. Ce qui a accentué la paupérisation et la dégradation des conditions de vies des populations. - Les classes moyennes tendent à disparaitre et trop de familles basculent dans la précarité. - L’économie mondiale est aujourd’hui dans une grave récession. Les prévisions font état d’une diminution de près de 5% des revenus par habitant, ce qui fera basculer des millions de personnes dans l'extrême pauvreté. - Les inégalités sanitaires dans le monde ont été exacerbées. Face à cette guerre, nous avons pu constater que nous n’étions pas tous égaux. Et certains pays comme Madagascar ont dû faire preuve d’audace et d’ingéniosité.Nous avons misé sur l’intelligence de nos scientifiques et notre pharmacopée traditionnelle. Nos solutions endogènes furent nos meilleures munitions.

      Economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic

    10. Durant les deux années passées, le monde entier a traversé une période de bouleversement profond qui a fragilisénos économies entrainant des impacts sociaux considérables. Dans cette guerre, ce n’est ni des armes, ni une bombe nucléaire qui s’abat mais un ennemi invisible, un virus, qui s’est propagé rapidement de pays en pays, de continent en continent. Beaucoup sont tombés, 4,5 millions personnes ont perdus la vie. C’est une douloureu se réalité, un bilan accablant. - L’impact sur le marché du travail est terrible. Les chiffres de l’Organisation Internationale du Travail sont éloquents, 255 millions de personnes ont perdu leur travail à cause de la pandémie. Les pays les plus touchés sont ceux dont l’économie est basée majoritairement sur l’informel.

      Economic consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic

    11. Je tiens avant tout à exprimer un message de solidarité du peuple Malagasy à toutes les nations et à toutes les familles qui ont été durement éprouvées par la pandémie de la Covid19. et nos Et en ces temps particulièrement difficiles, nous réitérons notre soutient encouragements au Secrétaire General Antonino Gutérres pour le leadership dont il a fait . preuve pour mener notre organisation face à cette pandémie Générale , toutes les nations sont réunies, ici au cœur des Nations Unies, pour réfléchir ensemble aux stratégies de la Covdi19. adéquates pour faire face aux effets Notre objectif est detrouver les voies et moyens pour relancer l’économie de l’après Coronavirus. Et le bien-être de nos populations doit être le pivot de toutes nos réflexions.
    12. Le thème denotre session« Miser sur l'espoir pour renforcer la résilience afin de - se relever de la COVID- 19, reconstruire durablement, répondre aux besoins de la planète, respecter les droits des personnes et revitaliser l'Organisation des Nations Unies» nous amène à agir conjointementpourbâtir le monde d’après crise à l’échelle multilatérale.

      The theme of the 76th General Debate encourages countries to to act together to build the post-crisis world at the multilateral level.

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    1. It is our responsibility to find answers before we hit the wall. The2030 Agenda already gives us theframework we need to achieve this goal.
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    1. —Staying committed to innovation-driven development. We need to seize the historic opportunities created by the latest round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, redouble efforts to harness technological achievements to boost productivity, and foster an open, fair, equitable and non-discriminatory environment for the development of science and technology. We should foster new growth drivers in the post-COVID era and jointly achieve leapfrog development.

      Only mention of technology

    2. —Staying committed to innovation-driven development. We need to seize the historic opportunities created by the latest round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, redouble efforts to harness technological achievements to boost productivity, and foster an open, fair, equitable and non-discriminatory environment for the development of science and technology. We should foster new growth drivers in the post-COVID era and jointly achieve leapfrog development.—Staying committed to harmony between man and nature. We need to improve global environmental governance, actively respond to climate change and create a community of life for man and nature. We need to accelerate transition to a green and low-carbon economy and achieve green recovery and development China will strive to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060. This requires tremendous hard work, and we will make every effort to meet these goals. China will step up support for other developing countries in developing green and low-carbon energy, and will not build new coal-fired power projects abroad.

      China's Global Development Initiative five points: Staying committed to development as a priority, a people-centered approach, benefits for all, innovation-driven development, harmony between man and nature, results oriented actions

    3. Second, we must revitalize the economy and pursue more robust, greener and more balanced global development Development holds the key to people's well-being. Facing the severe shocks of COVID-19, we need to work together to steer global development toward a new stage of balanced, coordinated and inclusive growth. To this end, I would like to propose a Global Development Initiative.--Staying committed to development as a priority. We need to put development high on the global macro policy agenda, strengthen policy coordination among major economies, and ensure policy continuity, consistency and sustainability. We need to foster global development partnerships that are more equal and balanced, forgegreater synergy among multilateral development cooperation processes, and speed up the implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.—Staying committed to a people-centered approach. We should safeguard and improve people's livelihoods and protect and promote human rights through development, and make sure that development is for the people and by the people, and that its fruits are shared among the people. We should continue our work so that the people will have a greater sense of happiness, benefit and security, and achieve well-rounded development.—Staying committed to benefits for all. We should care about the special needs of developing countries. We may employ such means as debt suspension and development aid to help developing countries, particularly vulnerable ones facing exceptional difficulties, with emphasis on addressing unbalanced and inadequate development among and within countries

      China's Global Development Initiative, five points: Staying committed to development as a priority, a people-centered approach, benefits for all, innovation-driven development, harmony between man and nature, results oriented actions

    4. as the central platform for countries to jointly safeguard universal security, share development achievements and chart the course for the future of the world. The UN should stay committed to ensuring a stable international order, increasing the representation and say of developing countries in international affairs, and taking the lead in advancing democracy and rule of law in international relations. The UN should advance, in ,a balanced manner, work in all the three areas of security, development and human rights. It should set common agenda, highlight pressing issues and focus on real actions, and see to it that commitments made by all parties to multilateralism are truly delivered,
    5. The UN should hold high the banner of true multilateralism and serve
    6. Fourth, we must improve global governance and practice true multilateralism. In the world, there is only one international system, i.e. the international system with the United Nations at its core. There is only one international order, i.e. the international order underpinned by international law. And there is only one set of rules, i.e. the basic norms governing international relations underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter
    7. Third, we must strengthen solidarity and promote mutual respect and win-win cooperation in conducting international relations. A world of peace and development should embrace civilizations of various
    8. forms, and must accommodate diverse paths to modernization. Democracy is not a special right reserved to an individual country, but a right for the people of all countries to enjoy. Recent developments in the global situation show once again that military intervention from the outside and so-called democratic transformation entail nothing but harm. We need to advocate peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom, which are the common values of humanity, and reject the practice of forming small circles or zero-sum games.Differences and problems among countries, hardly avoidable, need to be handled through dialogue and cooperation on the basis of equality and mutual respect. One country's success does not have to mean another country's failure, and the world is big enough to accommodate common development and progress of all countries. We need to pursue dialogue and inclusiveness over confrontation and exclusion. We need to build a new type of international relations based on mutual respect, equity, justice and win-win cooperation, and do the best we can to expand the convergence of our interests and achieve the biggest synergy possible.The Chinese people have always celebrated and striven to pursue the vision of peace, amity and harmony. China has never and will never invade or bully others, or seek hegemony. China is always a builder of world peace, contributor to global development, defender of the international order and provider of public goods. China will continue to bring the world new opportunities through its new development.
    9. —Staying committed to results-oriented actions. We need to increase input in development, advance on a priority basis cooperation on poverty alleviation, food security, COVID-19 response and vaccines, development financing, climate change and green development, industrialization, digital economy and connectivity, among other areas, and accelerate implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, so as to build a global community of development with a shared future. China has pledged an additional three billion US dollars of international assistance in the next three years to support developing countries in responding to COVID-19 and promoting economic and social recovery

      China's Global Development Initiative, five points: Staying committed to development as a priority, a people-centered approach, benefits for all, innovation-driven development, harmony between man and nature, results oriented actions